Composition Figure

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Page numbers in italics refer to the sites of relevant captions abdominal muscles 32, 35 action poses 62-85, 81 age, ageing 51, 66, 113 anatomy 29-51,30-51 apoplectic habitus 114 apple-cheekedness 110 Arabian Nights, The 146, 147 Aristotle 121 arms 31, 38-9

bags, eye 111

balance 63-7, 67, 70, 74, 77 barrelling 127 Bauhaus School 57 biceps 32, 33,33, 38 biceps femoris 32 Blyton, Enid 147, 147 body language 116-17 body types 114-15 Bodywatching (Morris) 117 Bolton Standards of

Dentofacial Developmental Growth 109 bones 28, 30-31,30-31

see also skeleton brachycephalic head 108-109, 108

Braun, A.A. 88 breasts 36

Brunelleschi, Filippo 122 buccinator muscles 110

carpal bones 39 cartilage 30

centre of interest 128-34, 134 Cephalic Index 108 cervical vertebrae 44 character 105-17 cheekbones 111 children 49 chubbiness, facial 110 clavicles see collarbones climaxes 153 clothing 66, 85 collarbones (clavicles) 31, 36 comic-strip see graphic narrative composition 121-39, 141, 142 Construzione Legittima

(Brunelleschi) 122 cranium 108, 108 Crawhall, Joseph 89 crows' feet 113

Darwin, Charles 112 definitive moment 80-82 Delano, Jamie 138, 154, 155,

155, 157 Delsarte, François 116 deltoid muscles 32, 36 directional lines 132-4 dolichocephalic head 108-109, 108

doodling 60-61 double-chin 110, 113

double-jointedness 63 drawing exercises see exercises Duchenne, Guillaume 112 Dürer, Albrecht 114

ectomorphs 114-15, 114-15 elbow 38 emotions 138-9 endomorphs 114-15, 114-15 Erasmus 106 erector spinae muscles see sacrospinalis muscles Euclid 121

exercises, drawing 52, 53-61,

54, 56-7, 59 expression 105-17 Expression of Emotions in Man and Animals (Darwin) 112

eye-level (horizon) line 122-5, 124

faces 44, 45-7, 105-13 expression 44, 105-17, 112 sod tissue 110-11, 112 structure 108-11 Facial Growth (Enlow) 109 fat deposits, distribution 29, 33, 36, 50,51,60, 110-11, 113

see also soft tissue feet 42

femur see thigh-bone fibula 42

Flaxman, John 48 foreshortening 126-7 see also perspective form 23-7,26, 47, 56-7, 58-9, 127

form, narrative see narrative form gastrocnemus 32 gesture 116-17, 116 gesture drawings 20, 22-3, 58 gluteus maximus 32, 64, 64 Golden Mean, Golden Section 121, 122 graphic narrative 97, 145-58 groups 66, 66

hands 38-40 heads 44-7, 108-109 Hellblazer 138, 155 Hieroglyphic Method of Life Drawing, The (Braun) 88 hip joint 31, 42,43, 63, 64 Hippocrates 114 horizon line see eye-level line Humana Physiognomina, De 106

humerus 31, 38

Icarus 9, 98, 99 Illustrations of Rhetorical Gesture and Action (Siddons) 116, 116

jaw 44, 109, 113 Johnson, Samuel 106 joints 30, 30, 31, 42, 43, 63 jowls 110, 113

kneecap (patella) 42 knee joint 30, 42, 64

lateral cushions 110 latissimus dorsi 32, 36 Lavater, J.C. 106, 106 legs 42

Leonardo da Vinci 48, 48 life drawing 6, 27

longer studies 23-7, 25 models 20, 21-7,21 self as model 27 see also gesture drawings ligaments 30, 64 Little Red Riding-Hood 128,

132-3 Lowden, I. 137 lumbar region 35

mandible 108, 108, 109 Manwatching (Morris) 117 markers 155, 156 Marlowe, Christopher 105 masseter muscles 110 maxilla 108, 108 memory drawing passim, et 6-7, 89 mental cushion 110 mesocephalic head 108-109, 109

mesomorphs 114-15, 114-15 metacarpal bones 39 method acting 116 mirror, use in drawing 27, 40 models, using see life drawing Moore, Alan 146-7,147 Morris, Desmond 117 mouths 110, 112 muscles 29, 32-3,32-3, 35, 36, 38, 42,44,51,60,64, 110, 112

narrative form 146-7 naso-labial cushions 110 naso-labial lines 110, 113 neck 44

notebooks see sketchbooks observation drawings see gesture drawings

Paget, Sidney 156 patella (kneecap) 42 Peake, Mervyn 156 pectoral girdle see shoulder girdle pectoral muscles 32, 36 pelvis 30, 31, 42,43, 62-3, 69, 70

perspective 122-5, 126 aerial 125, 125 linear 122-5 see also foreshortening phalanges 39 phthisic habitus 114 Physiognomische Fragmente

(Lavater) 106,106 physique see body types picture composition see composition Prior, Melton 86 proportions, human 48-51, 48, 121

race-specific differences 107, 107

radius 38 rectus femoris 32 resonances 154, 158 rib-cage 30, 31, 34, 36 Rimmer, William 48 running 68, 74-8

sacrospinalis muscles 35, 64, 64

scapulae see shoulderblades sesamoid bones 30 sex-specific differences 33, 50, 70

shapes within pictures 136-7, 139

Sheldon, William 114-15 Shepard, E.H. 156 shoulderblades (scapulae) 31, 36

shoulder girdle 30-31, 34, 36 shoulders 31, 36,37 Siddons, Henry 116, 116 sinovial fluid 30 skeleton 28, 30-31,30-31, 54 structure 29 see also bones sketchbooks 11, 12, 18, 22, 56,

15-18, 73 skin 113 skull 44, 109

see also heads smile creases 110 Smith Settle Ltd 94 soft tissue, facial 110-11, 112

see also fat deposits somatotyping 114-15 spine 30, 34-5, 55, 62, 63, 113 standing (upright)

posture 64-7 Stanislavsky method 116 sternomastoid muscles 44 submental cushion 111 suborbital cushions 111

teeth 109, 109, 113 Tenniel, Sir John 156 tension 154-5

thigh-bone (femur) 31, 42, 43 tibia 42

Tiner, Ron 125, 137, 151 Tiner System of Facial Differentiation 110 toddling 70 torso 33, 34-5, 58 trapezius 32, 44 triceps 33,33, 38

ulna 38

upright posture see standing posture vertebrae 30, 34, 35, 44 —> viewpoint 149-53 multiple 151-3 single 149-50 Vitruvius 48, 48

walking 68-72, 71, 72, 74, war artists 86, 89 wrist 39

Zaidenberg, Arthur 88 zygomatic bones 111

Triceps DrawComposition Human Figures

A comprehensive manual of figure drawing covering everything you need to know for drawing the human figure from memory and the imagination ♦

Explores anatomical structure, figure movement, and character expression, as well as figure composition for book illustration, advertising and picture narrative

Extensively illustrated with the author's drawings and illustrations in a wide range of styles and techniques

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