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Some animators underline the breakdown or passing position because it's so important to the action. I have the habit of doing this because it's a position which is crucial to helping us invent. We're going to make tremendous use of this middle position later. . .

If we want to make our pendulum ease in and out of the extreme positions, we'll need a couple more inbetweens:

So our chart will look like this.

Now our chart will look like this.

Now our chart will look like this.

What we're doing is easing in or easing out of the extreme positions. 'Slowing in' or 'slowing out' is the classical terminology for it, but I prefer today's computer animators' term of 'easing in' and 'easing out'.

To make the action even slower at the ends, let's add a couple more inbetweens.

Ken Harris always called it 'cushioning' - which is a nice way to think of it.

Master animator Eric Larson - who became the instructor of the younger Disney animators says that what animation has to have is a change of shape.

So, let's change from a closed hand to a pointing finger.

If we 'ease out' of number 1 in order to point - number 5 - the chart will be:

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