Isbn

British Library Cataloguing-in-Publication Data: a catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library

Copyright ©2003 Arcturus Publishing

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Jacket design by Alex Ingr

Printed in India

Contents

INTRODUCTION 6

Part One THE PENCIL

1. Introduction 9

2. Materials and Examples of Marks 10

3. Ways of Holding the Pencil 22 5. Pencil Projects 30

Part Two CHARCOAL

1. Introduction 80

2. Materials and Examples of Marks 84

3. Ways of Holding the Charcoal 98

4. Other Forms of Charcoal 100

5. Charcoal Projects 104

6. Compressed Charcoal Projects 120

7. Willow Charcoal Projects 140

Part Three

PENS, INKS, BRUSHES and PAPER

1. Introduction 155

2. Materials 156

3. Examples of Marks and Projects 165

CONCLUSION 207

A PARIS 200 Years Of

Know-How

Nicolas-Jacques Cont was born at S es (Normandy) in 1755. He rapidly became enthusiastic about painting and at 20 years of age went to study in Paris, where he would paint portraits of the French royal family among other works. He was very close to the major scientists of his day and met the Montgolfier brothers, inventors of the hotair balloon in 1783, when he carried out experiments on the hot-air balloons, since he was still divided between painting and the sciences.

The French Revolution forced him to change his profession in 1789. He thus became a talented inventor in many fields. He conducted varied research activities, some of which concerned crayons and black lead. Indeed, genuine crayons became scarce. Being a painter lacking the vital professional tools, Cont found this situation unacceptable.

In 1794, Cont invented the lead pencil, also known as the graphite pencil. The Cont company profited from this invention and was able to develop an exceptional industrial know-how in the field of drawing, writing and pastel.

In January 1795 he submitted the patent no.32 and set up a pencil factory. A self educated painter, chemist, physician, hot-air balloon pilot and inventor, Nicolas-Jacques Cont passed away in Paris in 1805.

Today, the pioneering spirit of NicolasJacques remains within the Cont Paris company. Their products for sketching and drawing are renowned for quality by artists around the world.

Introduction

Drawing, just like writing or speech, is a form of communication, and in the same way as these other forms of communication drawing can be multi-faceted, and very diverse as a means of expression of our observations, thoughts and feelings. Across the broad field of art and design, artists and designers will use drawing as a specific tool for visual communication, and at the same time use a wide spectrum of drawing techniques to express, develop, and present their ideas and work to the viewer for what ever reason.

Therefore, it is impossible to make a drawing unless the artist has a clear understanding of the type of drawing that is to be created, and the visual language that is to be used which will give form and expressive dynamics to the drawing. This is often forgotten or misunderstood by most teachers of drawing.

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