complete cupboard is given. It may be pointed out that the two sections, Figs. 3 and 5, if drawn full size, would constitute a " rod " or working drawing, all that would be necessary for a joiner to " set-out " the cupboard by.
It must also be explained that although for convenience of reference the examples are to some extent arranged in order of trades they are not constructively grouped, as in the author's works on Practical Carpentry and Joinery. Here they are placed in accord with their comparative difficulty of drawing, and a few constructional notes are added to explain the purpose or uses of the objects represented.
A Field Gate.—Not much difficulty will be met with in reproducing this drawing with the copy as a guide, but without it the varying thicknesses of the bars (introduced with a view to reduce the strain upon the heel post and the hinges) offer some difficulty to a beginner.
Lay down the plan first, commencing with the posts ; leave the hinges until last. Next draw in the sections, and, projecting from these, the elevation is readily obtained. Take note that the top bar only, which is thicker than the others, is tenoned through the stiles; the others are stub tenoned and drawbore pinned, the mortises are made tapering so that the tenon jams tightly as it comes home. The heel post is made thicker than the rest of the gate as all the strain is thrown upon it and the wide bracket is formed on it to stiffen the top bar.
This particular form of gate is chiefly used in Gloucestershire and Wiltshire. Fig. 4 is a section close to striking stile; Fig. 5 a side elevation of the hanging post with the gate thrown right back.
Types of Roofs, page 55.—These are illustrations of the various kinds of roofs used in buildings of comparatively small span.
The Couple Roof, Fig. 1, is the simplest construction, consisting 01" pairs of common rafters spaced about a foot apart, resting upon timber wall plates at the foot, and abutting upon a thin ridge board at the head.
Types of Roofs, with Details Fig. i. A Couple Roof. Fig, 2. A Couple Close Roof. Fig. 3. A Collar Tie Roof (with dotted additions—a Collar Bolt and Tie Roof). Fig. 4. A King Post Truss. Fig. 5. Details at B, Fig. 4. Fig. 6. Details at D. Fig. 7. Details at A. Fig. S. Details at G
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