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Approach this drawing by first establishing the most difficult element to draw, the foreground boat, then work back in the distance. When shading in an area, let your line strokes follow the direction of the material you're trying to create, such as the woodgrain of the boards.

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Gauging Proportions (p. 28) Reflections (p. 46)

Measuring Angles (p. 30) Brick, Stone & Wood (p. 58)

Two-Point Perspective (p. 36) Boat (p. 68) Arches & Roofs (p. 44)

Must-Have Materials

4H, HB, 4B graphite pencils • 11" x 14" (28cm x 36cm) medium-tooth drawing paper • Drawing board • Kneaded eraser • Straightedge, triangle or angle ruler

Optional, But Not to Be Overlooked

Dividers, proportional dividers or sewing gauge • Pencil sharpener • Value scale (see page 50) • White vinyl eraser

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Sketch the Foreground Boat

With a 4H pencil, sketch the basic lines for the foreground boat. Add the curved lines of the hull and the lines of the back, or stern, of the boat. With a straightedge to guide you, sketch the side of the cabin, add the roof and the pole that supports the roof.

Add Details to the Boat

Add the structural features of the boat. Erase obsolete guidelines with a kneaded or white vinyl eraser. Follow this procedure to add the reflection of the boat.

Add the Basic Structure of the Second Boat Sketch the second boat with the 4H pencil. This boat is viewed straight on, so the use perspective is minimal.

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