Q

Good art begins with an interesting subject. Be on the lookout for inspiring subjects because your best art will no doubt come from this inspiration. For portraits, sketch the facial structure first. Look into a mirror and use your own features as a guide. This will help you place elements such as the hat and beard with less guesswork. Apply line work in a rough and irregular manner to complement the rugged appearance of the subject.

Gauging Proportions (p. 28) Face: Front View (p. 82)

Human Figures (p. 78)

Gauging Proportions (p. 28) Face: Front View (p. 82)

Human Figures (p. 78)

Must-Have Materials

4H, HB, 4B graphite pencils • 14" x 11" (36cm x 28cm) medium-tooth drawing paper • Drawing board • Kneaded eraser

Optional, But Not to Be Overlooked

Dividers, proportional dividers or sewing gauge • Pencil sharpener • Small mirror • Value scale (see page 50) • White vinyl eraser

Sketch the Face

With a 4H pencil, sketch the overall shape of the head and lines for the eyes and center of the face. The head is viewed slightly from the side, making the center line of the face somewhat left of center. Sketch in lines for the mouth and nose. Add the eyes.

Sketch Facial Features and the Top of the Hat

Sketch facial features, including the eyebrows, ears, nose, lips, pupils, irises and creases around the eyes, using the 4H pencil. Now is the time to adjust the facial features, if necessary. I decided to make the nose shorter from what I originally sketched. Add the top of the hat and band. Notice that much of its form follows the shape of the head. Add a curved line to indicate the major fold of the hat.

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