Mini Demonstration

You can use a value scale to compare the values of a scene with that of a drawing. Hold the value scale up to the subject and look through the holes punched along the side. Where do the values in the subject fall on the value scale? As you begin to compose a drawing (see page 86), it is always best to establish the highlights and very light areas. Sketch those in, then look for where the other values are in the subject. To fill in the other values, one option is to go from the lightest shades of the drawing to the darkest. Another way to map out the values is to fill in some of the darkest areas around the lightest areas, then work with the midtones last. Try each of these methods to see which one works best for you.

Must-Have Materials

4H, HB, 4B graphite pencils

4" x 8" (10cm x 20cm) drawing paper

Kneaded eraser

Hole punch



Draw a Rectangle

Draw a 2" x 6" (5cm x 15cm) rectangle on a 4" x 8" (10cm x 20cm) piece of drawing paper. Add a line down the middle right of the rectangle as a guideline for the holes you will punch out in the last step.

Create the Lighter Values

Keeping the top white, use a 4H pencil to create the lighter values with back-and-forth strokes.

Add the Middle Values

Add the middle values with an HB pencil.

Add the Darkest Values

Use a 4B pencil for the darkest values. With scissors, trim around the rectangle pattern you drew, and punch seven holes along one side with a hole punch.

Add the Middle Values

Add the middle values with an HB pencil.

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Pencil Drawing Beginners Guide

Pencil Drawing Beginners Guide

Easy Step-By-Step Lessons How Would You Like To Teach Yourself Some Of The Powerful Basic Techniques Of Pencil Drawing With Our Step-by-Step Tutorial. Learn the ABC of Pencil Drawing From the Experts.

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