Mini Demonstration

In this exercise you will be focusing on values instead of lines. The idea of a value sketch is to define form through light and shadow instead of lines, so use shading to give your coffee cup form. Remember, this is not intended to be a finished drawing, so relax and enjoy the process.

Must-Have Materials

4B graphite pencil Drawing paper Kneaded eraser

Sketch the Lighter Values

Use a 4B pencil to sketch the lighter values, keeping the lightest ones the white of the paper. Use pencil strokes that feel comfortable for you. They may be vertical, horizontal or even scribbles.

Chiaroscuro Charcoal Exercise

Sketch the Middle Values

Continue adding layers for the middle values, gradually giving form to the sketch.

Chiaroscuro Charcoal Exercise

Sketch the Dark Values

Finish by adding more layers for the darkest values. Use a kneaded eraser to lighten some areas if you think they need it.

-and

Black-and-white sketches are like value sketches, except that you focus on the contrasting blacks and whites and ignore the middle values. Your softest 4B pencil will work, but charcoal and carbon pencils work especially well for this because of their rich, dark qualities. Also called chiaroscuro sketching, this type of sketch is a good exercise for understanding what makes images visually identifiable with the most basic of values, black and white.

Chiaroscuro Charcoal Exercise

No Outlines or Middle Values Allowed

No matter what part of the subject you're drawing, use only black and white forms to define it for a Chiarosuro drawing.

No Outlines or Middle Values Allowed

No matter what part of the subject you're drawing, use only black and white forms to define it for a Chiarosuro drawing.

Avoi

Avoi

Avoid Smudges

As you are drawing, your hand glides over the paper surface and can smear the pencil lines. One solution to this is to use a slip sheet, which is a sheet of paper placed between your hand and the drawing surface. This way your hand does not rest directly on the drawing.

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Pencil Drawing Beginners Guide

Pencil Drawing Beginners Guide

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