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The Colored Pencil Course

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Holding the Pencil (p. 15) Using Basic Shapes (p. 27)

Measuring Proportions (p. 28) Creating Values (p. 51)

Must-Have Materials

Graphite pencil Drawing board Drawing paper Kneaded eraser

Holding the Pencil (p. 15) Using Basic Shapes (p. 27)

Measuring Proportions (p. 28) Creating Values (p. 51)

Sketch the Basic Shapes

Sketch the basic shapes of the head and body. Be conscious of their proportions and placement.

Add the Neck and Beak

Add curved lines for the neck, then add the beak, paying attention to the distance between the neck lines.

Indicate the feather placement on the swan's back, and add the eye to the head.

Add Final Details and Shading

Add the shading with short pencil strokes. Start with the lighter values, then add another layer of pencil strokes for the darker areas.

People make fascinating subjects to draw. While at a mall, just look at all the different sizes, shapes and proportions of the people around you. Though you may observe that people come in many different "varieties," there are basic principles that apply to all humans.

Male waist

Male waist

Middle line

Female waist

Proportions for Adults

Though men are generally taller than women, they are shown as the same height here for comparison. For both sexes, almost half the height is made up of the legs, with the tips of the hands falling to the mid-thigh region. The waist is lower in men than in women. Another difference is that men are generally bulkier and wider than women.

Proportions for Children

Children are proportioned differently from adults, more noticeably in younger children. Their bodies are smaller in relation to their heads, and their legs are shorter, with the tops of their legs well below the middle line.

Figure Drawing

Once you become familiar with basic body structure and proportions, you can draw more confidently, using a minimum of structural guidelines.

£ Man Standing

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