Holding the Pencil (p. 15) Using Basic Shapes (p. 27)
Gauging Proportions (p. 28) Creating Values (p. 51)
Sketch the Basic Shapes
Sketch lines to form the basic body and head structure, including a baseline to establish where the feet will rest.
Add Circles for the Head and Body
Add circles for the head, chest and rear. This will help you shape the dog's overall form.
Add Lines for the Body, Neck and Legs Connect the circles to form the shape of the body and neck. Sketch lines that will indicate the muzzle and the foreground legs.
Refine Lines and Add Structural Details
Refine the line work to further shape the dog's body. Add the eye, tail, ears and legs. Place the background legs so they are staggered in comparison to the foreground legs.
Erase any obsolete lines. Shade the dog's glossy coat with short, uniform pencil strokes that follow the fur's direction. Add details to the eye, nose, mouth and paws.
Use long pencil strokes that follow the direction of the fur to shade in the coat for a longhaired dog. Make these pencil strokes less uniform than those used for a shorthaired dog. This will make the long fur look more textured.
Cows are incredible creatures. Besides giving us milk, cheese and meat, cows do amazing tricks, but no one knows about it because they pull these stunts only when no one is looking.
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