## Creating Values

The placemen! of values is of prime importance in the composition of a picture. It is possible to create all the values in a drawing by using just one pencil. To do this, you must use a pencil that will make a dark value. Try using a 2B. By varying the pressure on the paper with a 2B pencil, you can render all values between white and black.

Another way of creating values is by using different grade pencils for different values. You can make all the values between white and black with seven pencils as follows:

### 01234 5 6 789 10 6B 4B 2B HB 2H 4H 6H

To create all the values between white and black, use the following pencils: 6B pencil for 0 and 1; 4B for values 2 and 3; 2B for the 4th value; HB for the 5th value; 2H for the 6th value; 4H for values 7 and 8; and 6H for the 9th value. The 10th value is the white paper.

This chart was created by using the same pencils as above for the values; however, the strokes were drawn on a slant. Use different directions for the strokes, but keep the values the same.

Only a 2B pencil created the values for this chart. The values were made by cross-hatching and varying the pressure on the paper.

Before you start any drawing, make a chart of all ten values using the pencils suggested here. Make each square 1-inch (2.5 cm) and create the tones with vertical lines, horizontal lines, and cross-hatching. Do each value as carefully and accurately as you can (see above).

There are two other exercises you should do in order to understand values and how to achieve them: 1. Using the seven pencils of grades 6B, 4B, 2B, HB, 2H, 4H: and 6H, make a chart of a graded tone from value 0 (black) to 10 (white). Be sure as you change pencils that there is a gradual blending ol the tones. Notice how you can create a very smooth blending from one value to the next by simply changing the pencils. 2. The second exercise is the same graded value chart you did (above) with seven pencils, but now you will use only one pencil that will make a dark enough tone to create a solid black. With a 4B pencil you are able to create all the values from 0 to 9 by changing the pressure. When you grade the values with one pencil, the texture of the paper becomes an important element, since with less pressure the roughness of the paper becomes more apparent (opposite page, bottom)

This chart was created by using the same pencils as above for the values; however, the strokes were drawn on a slant. Use different directions for the strokes, but keep the values the same.

Only a 2B pencil created the values for this chart. The values were made by cross-hatching and varying the pressure on the paper.

This chart is a graded value scale from 0 to 10. The same pencils were used as in the Creating Values Chart {above), but the strokes were blended together to create an even graded tone. This scale was drawn with a 4B pencil using only vertical strokes. You can see that as the tones become lighter, you need to put less pressure on the paper. Notice how the texture of the paper becomes apparent with the lighter tones.

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