There are three basic ways of changing the value of a colored pencil's color:
1. Changes in pencil pressure. As more or less whiteness of paper is allowed to show through, the value of a color will appear darker or lighter
2A. Overlaying a medium-to-dark color with a white pencil. This lightens value.
2B. Overlaying any color with black will darken its value.
3A & B. Overlaying a color with another color, lighter or darker than itself. This method also causes changes in hue and intensity.
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