Eye Level The Foundation of Perspective

Above Eye Level Perspective

Many students fail in their attempts at drawing because they're unaware of eye level. Actually, it's such a simple concept, so seemingly obvious, that perhaps it's this very quality that causes it to be overlooked. Eye level refers to the height at which your eyes observe an object. You may want to write this sentence and place it where you can see it often, so that it becomes part of you. It's that important to your development as an artist. To actually demonstrate what is meant by eye level,...

Drawing a Harbor Scene

Harbour Pencil Drawing

Simplify the harbor scene if there are 200 boats in the harbor, don't try to indicate 199 of them. Select a few that make an interesting pattern and forget the rest. It is also a good idea to draw a moveable object first. There is nothing more frustrating than to be half-finished with a harbor scene drawing and have the boats leave. The shacks, docks, and trees will always be around, but the fishermen have a habit of moving their boats at the wrong time. In this harbor scene, an early...

Using Colored Pencils with a Solvent

Prismacolor Pencils Over Watercolor

All colored pencils are to some degree turpentine soluble, but only some brands are water soluble. Those that are water soluble include the Caran D'Ache Supracolor, Venus Watercolor-ing, and Mongol brands. The Pris-macolor and Spectracolor brands are among those that are not water soluble. For the look that most closely resembles watercolor or painting, the water soluble pencils work best. Pencils that are only turpentine soluble also yield a fluid and painterly effect, but they do so with less...

How To Shade Anime Hair

Stretches With Pencil Shading

As for the mechanics of this drawing of Oliver Rodin, a relative of the great sculptor August Rodin, you can see that the light comes from the windows in back of him, outlining his head and arms and shining through his white hair. Notice, however, that the hair tones around the forehead and ear appear rather dark, seeming to belie their true whiteness. The reason is that his hair doesn't have a smooth, planar surface like his shirt does, but instead has many tiny ridges and canyons formed by...

Drawing Cylindrical Objects

Drawing Cylinder And Eye Level

After doing so many drawings with straight lines, you can probably do them now with ease and confidence. They'll become still easier as you continue with future projects. But if you're to draw objects based on the cylinder, the cone, or the sphere, you must also practice drawing the curved lines that form them. Hold your pencil still the ordinary office kind in the position you prefer the usual writing one, or under your palm. Swing your arm from your elbow, and even from the shoulder, if you...

Recording Character in Detail

Pencil Drawing Techniques

The artist found nothing particularly magical about the shape of this battered, old wooden wheelbarrow, but he liked the very clear textures of the grain in the planks of wood. He decided that this grain would be just as effective depicted in pencil as it would be in paint, so he made two careful, studied pencil drawings. The grain you see here is simply the result of study and carofully weighted values. This fine detail is easy to portray when you have an array of pencil drawing techniques...

Drawing Cubic Objects

Pencil Drawings Objects

Note that the broken guidelines indicate that the table Is a cubic form. You can use the same office pencil that you ve been using, but now get several drawing pads. They come in varying sizes 9 x 12 23 x 30 cm. , 11 x 14 28 x 35 5 cm. . 12 x 18 30 x 46 cm. , 14 x 17 35.5 x 43 cm , 19 x 24 48 x 61 cm. . Don't let a salesperson sell you any fancy or expensive paper its not necessary at this stage of your development Besides you're going to use reams of it just doing the exercises. So get the...

Drawing Spherical Objects

Easy Pencil Drawings Fruits

Besides the obvious, perfect spheres that form the structure of a ball whether a golf, tennis, or basketball there are those objects which have shapes based on the sphere in one form or another. An egg, a nut, an apple, and an orange all have a modified sphere as their basic underlying form. Objects such as a bowl, a cup, and a tea kettle can be based on part of a sphere. DEPARTURES FROM THE GEOMETRIC SPHERE The departures from the geometric sphere may be quite radical at times, but all the...

Creating Textures with Lines and Strokes

Pencil Drawing Texture

As you start to draw from nature, you will want to indicate textures such as stone, wood, grass, shingles, etc. Not only will this give your drawings authenticity, but it will also add liveliness and interest. Remember, however, that you are not copying an object, but indicating it this means that you do not want to strive for a photographic copy, but, you do want to combine values and strokes to simulate the quality of the object's texture. When lines and tones are combined, you achieve the...

Drawing Reflections in Water

Drawing Reflections Water

You can become confused with so many rules about reflections however, a few basic observations should be noted. 1. In an enclosed harbor the water often will become as smooth as glass. The boat in this drawing is in water that has very few ripples. Many mistakes are made in thinking that reflections are a reverse of the object. Notice in the drawing that the reflection is not simply a tracing of the boat turned upside down. You are looking down at the boat, but in the reflection you are looking...

Flower with Tonal Technique

Green Pencil Color Flower

It is in the subtle gradations of layered tonal effects that colored pencils excel. The demonstration subject here is a flower a single peony. The artist wanted the flower to emerge from its foliage background. To do this she employed a finely grained and non-directional tonal technique. 1. The artist used a few thumbnail roughs to work out the composition's basic color scheme a split-complementary of green, red-orange, and red-violet. This initial color scheme was, of course, tentatively...

How To Handle the Pencil

What Are Different Grades Pencils

When you starl to draw, hold the pencil two different ways. The first is the way you hold a pencil to write a letter The second is how you normally hold a brush lor oil painting belween the thumb and firsl finger, wilh the pencil under the palm of the hand Notice in the illustration right how the little finger acts as a guide for your hand. It is easier to control the amount of pressure on the pencil when you et the nail of your little finger glide over the paper. In both methods of holding the...

Building Your First Drawing

Beautiful Siding Pencil Drawings

The subject of this demonstration is relatively simple, but it does include different kinds of textures wood, stone, shingle, trees, and grass. These surfaces were all rendered in a different manner. In the first drawing the artist made the values exactly as he saw them. There are light trees in the background, and dark dirt and grass in the foreground. A strong light from the right strikes the front of the barn. This isn't good, since the dark side of the barn and the foreground all run...

Drawing Small Animals

Pencil Drawings Animals

The gray squirrel is basically arboreal, It builds nests in trees and is perfectly at ease leaping acrobatically from branch to branch. Note the sharp claws that allow the squirrel to climb and grip the thinnest branches. Squirrels come down from trees to bury nuts and other food, and to get from tree to tree when they cannot leap. A gray squirrel's eye is all pupil and almost perfectly round. The artist lightly toned the inside of the ear to show its thin translucent tissue against the light...

Using Initial Sketches to Refine Drawings

As you search for the correct width, height, or depth of a plane, you'll draw many inaccurate lines. Don'l erase them. Keep searching with other lines until you feel satisfied that you've got the right ones. Accent your correct lines by bearing down on them with your pencil. Place a fresh sheet of paper over your object and pick out only the correct lines, as Rudy De Reyna did with the drawings in this section. You can see that the artist drew all the objects in two stages. In the drawing on...

Planning Your Composition

Pencil Rendering Grasses

The charm of drawing is that, like handwriting, everyone has his or her own different style that has developed with observation, concentration, and practice. However, with drawing, il is important nol to be fixed or rigid. 1 Varying the medium can make a difference. as can the speed at which you execute a drawing. With every drawing, spend a minute beforehand to decide whether you need a sludious, highly detailed drawing or a swift set of visual notes for future reference. Sometimes Richard...

Pencil Drawings Of Eyes

Heavily Sketched Eyebrows

The eyes are the most significant facial feature in a portrait. They convey so much of a person's feelings and personality. Portraitist Douglas Graves describes the best way to draw the eye below. In the three demonstrations that follow. notice that the artist used tone rather than line in rendering the steps. In a smudgy way, he attempted to convey the depth of the eye in the socket, the roundness of the lid, and the dark presence of the pupil. To suggest sparkling eyes, try a black carbon...

Fundamentals Of Drawing

It is very important to learn to draw things as you see them realistically. That is, you must reproduce the dimensions and proportions of a given subject. To render a faithful, realistic drawing, you must be able to observe the basic structure of an object, regardless of how complex and obscured by detail it may be. You must train not only your hands but your eyes as well. In this section you'll learn how to see the four forms that comprise the basic structure of all existing objects. Once...

Adding Interest to a Flat Landscape

Landscape Pencil Drawing

Salt marshes and meadowlands make interesting subjects for drawings and paintings. The flatness of the land and the water snaking through the grass make it easy to guide the viewer's eye into the drawing. Although long pictures can be interesting, the artist feels there is often too much area of no interest. To avoid that problem in this scene, he moved the house on the right into the picture, eliminating most of the large tree bank. To make the water the center of interest, he shortened the...

Achieving a Painterly Effect

Water Lillies Chinese Pencil Drawing

To see how using colored pencils with a solvent differs from using them dry. compare these two similar quick sketches. Bet Borgeson planned to draw the lily on the left, using colored pencils as a dry medium. She planned to paint its twin-in-reverse on the right, using colored pencils as a wet medium. 1. The beginning for both sketches was the same, despite the artist's plan to draw one and paint the other. She used a sheet of two-ply white Strathmore bristol for her paper surface. Colored and...

Interpreting a Cluttered Scene

Ferdinand Petrie

This is a case where there were just too many boats. With a maze of masts, hulls, lines, reflections, buildings, and fishermen, it was difficult for Ferdinand Petrie to know where to start. He knew immediately that he could not include everything so he concentrated on the buildings on the right and the two small boats tied to the pier. He faded the rest of the boats and eliminated the last two on the left altogether. He used all of his darks in the foreground and left out all the texture on the...