time. To every 25 lbs. of fine glass blower's sand add 1 oz. of spermaceti and 1 oa. of calcined borax, thoroughly mixed and incorporated with the sand. The sand must be kept perfectly drv, the flowers must be dry, and from all flowers whore the honey gathers at the bottom of the cup, it must be removed before the sand bath is attempted. This is a delicate operation, and effected by the use of a crotchet hook, with a little cotton batting twisted around the point. Introduce it delicately in the flowerj remove the honey, dew-drop or water drop, and your flower will preserve dry, in shape.
Sweet alyssnm, daisies, candytuft, can be beautifully preserved ami keep their freshness for a longtime, under tho sand drying process. Some flowers need a v arnish before the sand bath, some need to be \ amished after removal from the bath. All labiate corollas, all flowers cup shaped, should be first stuffed delicately and carefullywith cotton batting before putting them into the sand. This knowledge is obtained only by a regular course of instruction, as the family of flowers, or the floral kingdom is so extended. After preparing tho flowers, (all Cowers should stand after being plucked a short time, their stems immersed in cold water, so as to give full life and strength to the flower, ami if it is to be varnished it should bo done while standing in the water), have ready your sand in a box with a draw bottom. This bottom is drawn out after the process is completed, leaving the dried flowers intact in the box.
Fill your box partly, with sand perfectly dry, without mixture, clip off the stems to within an inch of the flower cluster, and dip it into hot sealing wax, sealing up the end of tho stein carefully and thoroughly, then immerse the stem in the sand up to the flower cluster, taking care to space between the flowers—no two touching. After filling your flowers in the box, commence by pouring in softly and gradually the sand prepared for them. Cover them perfectly, and set the box in a dry place, where no dampness can get into the sand. A single drop of w ater, or a particle of sup, will ruin the whole ol the box of flowers.
In some white flowers a little cWoride of lime mixed with the sand can he used once, but as soon as the lime slacks it must be removed. Flowers require from two weeks to thirty days in an even heat of 8b degrees, not more. As soon as the process is-complete, pour tia. carcfully the sand from the flowers, and if found to be brittle, expose them a few hours to a dry atmosphere. The ordinary atmosphere of the room will be all that is required.
For the five methods combined, regular lessons are required,but it is not necessary for any excepting those who desire to make floral preservation a business. The sand drying can be followed by any lady for winter bouquets, and the usual flowers of the garden, beautifully preserved in this method, for winter decorations, hanging baskets, etc. Jardiniers are a lovely winter ornament, with green ferns floating, one could not toll but what these flowers had just been plucked from the garden.
The Last Process is: Clip from the bush, without iniur-ing the stein, the buds just as they are open" lg, allowing two or three inches of stem with each bud, and immediately cover the ends with hot sealing wax. When cold, wrap them up in cotton batting, separately, and lay them away in a cool place in a box, where nothing can rest upon or injure them.
At any time you w ish to make use of them, bring them forth from the place of concealment, cut off the end containing tho wax, and place the stems in a vase of cool water, containing a little salt. Allow them to remain in a moderately warm room for a few hours, and you will perceive the buds commercing to expand and open, and soon after you can have the opjiortunity of beholding a full-blown rose, re] »resenting all those beautiful colors with which nature has so wisely endowed it, and sending forth, in all the sweetness and purity of its nature, tho most loving and fascinating odors, which is so much desired and sought after by lovers of flowers.
These flowers in winter command exceedingly high priccs, so much so that some arc nnik.iig it a business of preparing them, and are makmg money by the operation.
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