Univ Calif Digitized by Microsoft

'Twss a lovely thought to mark the hours, As they floated iti light away, By the opemm and the folding flower , That l.iugh Id the summer's daj, Hthvins, There was a process patented, and practiced for some years, which was found, after a year's time,that the flowers grew dark, spotted, and were a distressing souvenir. This was the Hot Water System. All flowers of a fibrous, woody nature, are susceptible of preservation. The fibrous nature of the wood enters into the composition of the flower....

Info

Thus, blue wilt he found exactly opposite to orange, which wiH be intermediate between ml and yellow and, in the same way, yellow-green will be found exactly opposite purple-red, etc. Xow, as rod, blue and yellow are the three primaries, and that all other colors are composed of mixtures of these, let us decide which of the many different colors called reds, yellows, and blues wc are to consider as pure, and true primaries. A pure yellow has been decided upon...

Kensington Painting

Islington art work probably, at the present time, is attracting more attention than the other methods of painting 011 silk and velvet. Kensington embroidery had its day, and * bile it has not altogether passed out of use, it is nevertheless, like many other methods of art needle-work, being improved upon, and for the old method of doing the work with the thread, paint is being substituted, which far exceeds the more ancient work in splendor and simplicity. The great progress lately made in...

The

. ebciak oil paintings are made from engravings and lithographs. There is but little of it done in this country and, although there was quite an interest man--ifested in it here a few years ago, it did not live long, and this is the first time I have seen the instructions in print sincc or before. We select the engraving most desired to hang upon our walls, (regardless of size), and place it upon a frame or stretcher with small tacks or glue this prepares it for the work. When ready, commence...

Materials Used

Many of the pigments which change color by the action of impure air, and are, therefore, useless in water-color painting, may, nevertheless, be safely used in oil painting , for this reason In water color the powder colors are mixed with only just enough of some binding cement (called a vehicle), such as gum, size, sugar, etc., to prevent their being easily rubbed off the paper, and are, therefore, freely exposed to the action of the atmosphere, or of the colors with which they may be mixed but...

Oil Colors

Mixing cf Tints, and how tc Apply Them. So doubt you are sufficiently acquainted with the general principles of Drawing and Perspective at the time you reach this branch of art work, as to be able to apply them with facility and certainty to the representation, in outline, of a given view or subject. The rules here laid down will place within your reach the power of securing to yourself one of the most delightfnl and agreeable of accomplishments. In the...

Gelatine Dry Plate Process

Latest and meet ia*nd advance in the art is due to the discovery of the sensitiveness of a gelatine film. This knowledge has been practically ap. plied in the introduction of plate prepared with such a coating they are called dry plates, to distinguish them from plates which must pass through the silver bath, and bo used while wet. The gelatino-bro-mide dry plates are now in geietal use for taking pictures of out-(loir scenes, landscapes, houses, groups of people, etc. To make photographs,...

Jnrv C mignited by Microsoft

Prolueed in exactly the same manner upon wood, it would appear raw and unfinished, yes, even wholly .ncorrcct. The prepared wood takes the softest tint, as well as paper, hut the texture of the wood shimmers through the transparent tones, and though the fibres and pores of the same have taken another hue, they still act as wood, and thereby destroy the effect which the artist intended. For it is originally the task of the artist to thus deceive the human sense of vision in such a manner, and so...

Hina Painting

Colon Used, aid tie Process 31 Eiriiis ft in. T the present time this art is receiving a great deal ot attention among the American people, and especially the intelligent class, who are taking every opportun-oi informing themselves in regard to the plan of moulding the various ornaments for use, the art of decorating them, the particular kinds of paints used, and the operation through which they pass in the burning in of the colors. It would be useless for me to attempt a book on art that would...

Pc Rtraiture

Ra yox portr vitpre, to one who knows nothing of the method, seems not only very difficult, but almost unattainable, except after long years of study and practice. Even then many suppose artists are born, not made. The writer ot this article has been employ ed in teaching the art for several years, and could refer to many pupils who, after comparatively few lessons, were able to execute finished portraits of real merit. Any one wiio can learn to write can learn to draw, but a special method is...

Landscape Painting

Iie crayons used arc much hauler than the soft kind required in portraits they are manufactured expressly for landscapes, and resemble firm chalk. The following is a list of the most useful crayons White, Italian chalk straw colors and light yellow, blue, grey, vermilion and Indian reds blacks, conte crayons Nos. 1, 2 and 3. The white Italian chalk is used both for light touches and blending all the other crayons into m hich it may be worked. The black conte chalks are also of the utmost...

Etching on copperas

Oing this kind of work upon copper, in imitation of engraving, at a much less expense, is something worthy the attention of sketch-artists and draughtsmen, who will lind it very useful in getting duplicates of their work. You first make a correct tracing with a black lead pencil of the drawing which is to be etched, then screw the copper plate into a small hand vice. It must be understood that the copper is perfectly free from scratches, or other blemishes. Warm the plate from the back with a...

UB Calif DRjiftftd by rcrc affM

Instrument, a knitting-needle, glove buttoner, or an agate burnisher. Red gold has a dark effect, retreating green gold, on the other hand, stands out and has a light appearance. Black-lead is to be hail in lumps, and is most effective for bright or red ornamentations. Bronze powder is prepared with a little gum water. The possession of a magnifying glass is of importance in going over the work when finished, and subjecting the same to a severe scrutiny. It also greatly assists in the...

The Secret Of

CLASS TRANSPARENCIES, SKETCHING FROM NATURE PASTEL CR A YON MAW INC, TAXIDERMY, Etc. tiresenting to the public and our artistically inclined ople our Art Manual we should do t,o with soma epidation had we nut the assurance, in placing before them this wcrk, that it would instantlj* win its way into their favor by its merits. Most books produced by the press of the present day a re novels, compilations, scientific and theological ones, meeting as they do only certain classes, and are subjects...

Univuaiii utymzea oy lYiicroSGit Gy

Feel scarcely any dampness left some, however, must remain, for the color would easily he removed by retouching, if it were in a puh crized state. The dessication can be hastened by heating, either at a lamp of spirits of wine, or in an oven but you must wait until the work is quite cold again before resuming. The first painting must be taken great care of, and kept very clean. While it is drying, it should be placed out of the reach of dust and damp if it be a plaque, place it in a flat box...

M staining glass h

LASS-PAiisTiNG is uofc only restored, in our day, to tho perfect fullness of its ancient splendor, but also has acquired, .through the giant strides of the science of chemistry, and the great progress latterly made in tho arts of design, an amount of technical and assthetical power far exceeding whatever could formerly be called to its aid, Notwithstanding this advantage, however, the art has not yet reached that wide state of diffusion which, from the exquisite effects it is capable of...

Umv Calif Digitized oy Microsoirji

Either the whole picture may be brought out in its outlines and shadows, on one side of the sheet, with black, brown or gray color, and illuminated with the proper colors in the proper places on the other side. Or simply the manner of ordinary oil painting may be adopted with the glass colors, and tiie picture treated as by an artist in oil. Or, as is now most customary, both methods may be united the artist making use of each in certain places, according to the requirements of the object he...

Enamel Paixtixg Ox Teiracotta

Iest outline with l leal pencil the subject to be painted il tracing is preferred, use tracing paper, and transfer the design up in the article, by means of a colored transfer paper. The tcrra-cotta is now immersed in water when thoroughly saturated,1 take it out, and with a soft sponge absorb all the superfluous moisture. If, during the process of painting, some of the parts become too dry, moisten them with a flat brush dipped into w ater. Have on hand a sufficient quantity of white enamel...

Watercolor Painting On Terracotta

Outline or transfer the subjects as before mentioned. Moisten the terra-cotta, and absorb the superfluous moisture with blotting paper. Mix the colors with Chinese white, and use with them the terra-cotta medium already mentioned. For the blues, yellows, carmincs, and the bright colors, coat the parts thickly with Chinese white, using plenty of medium when quite dry, add the pure, bright colors. Wash them carefully over the white, mixed with medium, in order not to rub the latter up, which...

Glass Sign Workfl

FCR lettering dccr plates, ORNAMENTIXG GLASS WORK BOXES, Etc, ow this art may bo applied to making signs of every description, numbers of dwellings, door plates, ornamental borders for pictures, ornamenting work boxes, etc., which are made at a trifling expense, and unsurpassed f or brilliancy. First. Clean well the glass to be used, with alcohol. Second. Wet with your tongue the _ _ side cleaned, and immediately lay over the whole of that side a coat of gold or silver leaf. Third. Let this dry...

The Use Of The Pentagraph

This is an instrument in four sections, so arranged that you can enlarge or diminish in size, and copy a photograph, engraving, or any kind of picture. It contains a screw to fasten it to the table, a small steel needle to guide in the outlining, and a lead pencil to do the drawing. How to Use it. Screw the Pentagraph to the table, with the needle point to your left, upon the photograph, (which is fastened to the table also), holding the end containing the pencil with the fingers, to the right....

Lesson In Drawing

Before going into the field to make * sketch, it is essential ou become familiar with the different lines used in drawing, the less difficulty you will have m sketching from nature. The first effort will be to get control of the hand and pencil, or pen, which is the leading essential in learning to write or draw. Secondly, a right understanding of the straight and cuno lines used cannot be dispensed with. A neglect of these first principles, and the want of a thorough drilling by an experienced...

Portraits

For the past few years a great improvement lias been made in the execution of portraits in black and colored crayons. Crayon painting is much easier in its execution than oil painting, and pictures may be completed at one sitting, owing to the fact that dry colors are used instead of oil, which may easily be removed or changed at will, left and resumed again at any time desired. In this department of art crayon takes the dace of Irush and paint In all the different places where colors are used....

J v falft r gitized by i

A genera rale for the manipulation of the brush in flower painting may be laid down thus The handling is always done the way of the petals, converging towards the center. Leaves. Each plant possesses a particular kind of leaf, and even in the rose the leaves of different varieties are not alike. Thus, for the leaves of the Bengal rose, a semi bright tint, a shiny apfiearance without many v eins, the young shoots tinged with carmine, or else purple mixed with silver yellow. The king's rose the...

Introductory Remarks

x learning the art of drawing or writing, like all other fl Arts and Sciences, there are certain first and fi ed prin-nO ciplcs to be observed as a foundation agon which the whole is built. A right understanding of these is absolutely necessary that we may become masters of that art which we undertake to learn. A neglect of these first principles is the reason why so many who have spent time sufficient to become accomplished artists, are, after all their pains and loss of time, incapable of...

Monochromatic Drawing

' ike pasteboard or drawing paper, size with isin glass, or paint with pure white lead, When thoroughly dried, smooth it down with sand-paper, and paint again. Before this coat is perfectly dry, sift upon it pulverized white marble, through muslin. When dry, shake off the loose marble that remains. Monochromatic board can be found already prepared at the book stores, where artist materials are kept. The materials needed for this work, is a thin-blade knife, crayons, fine sponge, pencil, cork,...