Painting The Head In Colors On Porcelain

HEI on the palette, at intervals of about an inch, some iv cry v yellow, yellow brown, flesh No. 1, flesh No. 2, light grey, H brown 108, blue-green, and the other colors. t c jv The drawing having been traced with chalk, you proceed to sketch it in,which should always be done in the same color 9 as the object. For the flesh take some flesh No. 1 at the tip of your brush, and indicate very lightly the outline of the eyes, the nostrils, the corners of the mouth, and the ears but above all, take...

IW jittzed icro lit

With a sharp penknife remove every trace of the rim where tho fruit muid joined together, and wash off with benzine, rubbing a little dry powder over the lemon to give it a fresh picked appearance, and painting the stem end with water colors. Orange is made precisely like the lemon, only orange chrome is used instead of lemon. Apples are made from the lemon cup or the orange cup, with a little green chrome added to vary tho foundation tint, and after molding, trimming and washing oil...

Umv Calif Digitized by Microsoft

On this tie a few of the proper stamen and around it roll a small quantity of pale green wax. All the petals should be treated as follows, as a preparation for other moulding. Take eight petals of a size, plaee them on the palm of the left hand, so that they can be held in their place by one of the fingers of the same hand, holding in the right hand pin No. 1, so that it may revolve easily round the edge of the petals, held as described in the other hand. The object of this rolling of the edge...

Univ Calif Digitized by Microsoft

'Twss a lovely thought to mark the hours, As they floated iti light away, By the opemm and the folding flower , That l.iugh Id the summer's daj, Hthvins, There was a process patented, and practiced for some years, which was found, after a year's time,that the flowers grew dark, spotted, and were a distressing souvenir. This was the Hot Water System. All flowers of a fibrous, woody nature, are susceptible of preservation. The fibrous nature of the wood enters into the composition of the flower....

S

RroEVKR may be so fortunate as to have in their possession fine feathers can certainly make fine flowers. Have at hand gum in solution, French paper for w inding stems, and wire of different sizes. Draw the under side of the feather gently over the edge of your penknife to bend it in the required direction make a lump of bookbinder's thick paste or wax on the end of a wire for a stalk, and begin your flower by sticking the smallest size feathers into it for a center, place other feathers of the...

Gj r QBLPaG The Brers Ofgus

He present art of gilding upon glass is an improvement on the method in fashion years ago. It is chiefly used for decorating the borders of prints in executing show glasses, and inscriptions for various purposes, also for ornamental decorations in a variety of elegant forms, npon different colored grounds but as black is the most general one in demand, shall lirst treat on that, there being two ways of performing it. Procure some fine isinglass. You will find white and transparent is the best,...

Arrangement Or Grouping Of Flowers

The lighter flowers, both of form ami color, should be so placed as to be at the top, excepting such flowers as passion flower, fuchsia, etc., which are drooping or climbing plants. Aim at simplicity in coloring rather than too great a mixture, which gives a contused look. The foliage is used as a background there should be no stint of this. The great fault observable in the arrangement of bouquets, whether natural or artificial, is that they rarely have the leaves brought as prominently...

Oniv Lain uigiiizeaay Mictosou

Glass for a, few hours, until perfectly dry, when you wet the paper and commence rubbing it off if it works well without any f urther wetting, continue the process until every vestige of papier has been removed, and nothing left ujton the glass but the outlines of your engraving. Oil it now with castor oil three parts, oil of lavender one if too thick, Id turpentine. It is now complete, and by holding it to the light it will present a beautiful, steel-like engraving transparency. You can add a...

Info

Thus, blue wilt he found exactly opposite to orange, which wiH be intermediate between ml and yellow and, in the same way, yellow-green will be found exactly opposite purple-red, etc. Xow, as rod, blue and yellow are the three primaries, and that all other colors are composed of mixtures of these, let us decide which of the many different colors called reds, yellows, and blues wc are to consider as pure, and true primaries. A pure yellow has been decided upon...

Ivorytype Or Mezzotint

Isin-glass (fish glue) made in the following proportion One toaspoonful to half cup of water, dissolved by boiling strain through fine muslin, and apply the same as starch. Pure Albumen, or white of egg, brushed over the glass and surface of the photograph, is used with great succcss by some. Equal parts Canada balsam and turpentine is also used for attaching the print to the glass. Rubber varnish, made with pure rubber, dissolved in benzole. Some add a little...

Kensington Painting

Islington art work probably, at the present time, is attracting more attention than the other methods of painting 011 silk and velvet. Kensington embroidery had its day, and * bile it has not altogether passed out of use, it is nevertheless, like many other methods of art needle-work, being improved upon, and for the old method of doing the work with the thread, paint is being substituted, which far exceeds the more ancient work in splendor and simplicity. The great progress lately made in...

Stile Of Boucher

I S o paint the style of Boucher (Cupids) you begin by trans' K ferring your design on tlie china. -JJl Then you sketch with flesh No. 1 the lines of the face, and the fingers and toes. When this sketch is dry, the reflected lights are marked with yellow-brown, mixed with ivory yellow. The local tint of flesh color is laid 011 immediately after, the same as in the preceding lesson the dabbling evens the two colors placed side by side, and blends them one into the other. Let it dry, then...

And Ivory

Diluted nitric acid will produce a tine yelW on 33 wood sometimes it makes a brown, and if used strong, it will be nearly black. Mahogany Color Is produced by a mixture of madder, Brazil wood, and logwood, dissolved in water and put on hot. The proportions must be v aried, according to the tint required. Black. Brush the wood several times over w ith a hot decoction of logwood, and then with an iron lacquer or, if this cannot be had, a strong solution of nut-galls. Red can be made by...

The

. ebciak oil paintings are made from engravings and lithographs. There is but little of it done in this country and, although there was quite an interest man--ifested in it here a few years ago, it did not live long, and this is the first time I have seen the instructions in print sincc or before. We select the engraving most desired to hang upon our walls, (regardless of size), and place it upon a frame or stretcher with small tacks or glue this prepares it for the work. When ready, commence...

Materials Used

Many of the pigments which change color by the action of impure air, and are, therefore, useless in water-color painting, may, nevertheless, be safely used in oil painting , for this reason In water color the powder colors are mixed with only just enough of some binding cement (called a vehicle), such as gum, size, sugar, etc., to prevent their being easily rubbed off the paper, and are, therefore, freely exposed to the action of the atmosphere, or of the colors with which they may be mixed but...

Oil Colors

Mixing cf Tints, and how tc Apply Them. So doubt you are sufficiently acquainted with the general principles of Drawing and Perspective at the time you reach this branch of art work, as to be able to apply them with facility and certainty to the representation, in outline, of a given view or subject. The rules here laid down will place within your reach the power of securing to yourself one of the most delightfnl and agreeable of accomplishments. In the...

Gelatine Dry Plate Process

Latest and meet ia*nd advance in the art is due to the discovery of the sensitiveness of a gelatine film. This knowledge has been practically ap. plied in the introduction of plate prepared with such a coating they are called dry plates, to distinguish them from plates which must pass through the silver bath, and bo used while wet. The gelatino-bro-mide dry plates are now in geietal use for taking pictures of out-(loir scenes, landscapes, houses, groups of people, etc. To make photographs,...

Instructions

Arrange the paper for the painting, after sponging it, by stretching upon a drawing hoard, and then turn to the mixing of the colors. Colors Used for Skies and Distances. For blue of sky. Cobalt Blue, lowered with Fink Madder and Gamboge, to the hue required. Ochre may be substituted for Gamboge. Clouds. The same mixed so as to form a variety of warm and cool pearly greys. For Extreme Distance. Cobalt, and Venetian Red. For Local Tints. Blend the colors so that the tints produced may incline...

Jnrv C mignited by Microsoft

Prolueed in exactly the same manner upon wood, it would appear raw and unfinished, yes, even wholly .ncorrcct. The prepared wood takes the softest tint, as well as paper, hut the texture of the wood shimmers through the transparent tones, and though the fibres and pores of the same have taken another hue, they still act as wood, and thereby destroy the effect which the artist intended. For it is originally the task of the artist to thus deceive the human sense of vision in such a manner, and so...

Paper flower making

Iiie arrangement of bouquets, materials used, etc. 1 uch of the success in malting paper flowers depends on the quality of the material, and the form of the phis, moulders, pincers, etc. The paper should be carefully selected, reference being had principally to its color and texture. As a rule, it cannot be too thin, and must be soft and strong. Avoid highly glazed papers, excepting when such a flower as the peony is to be copied. In passion-flower and fuchsia there is a thickness of texture...

Hina Painting

Colon Used, aid tie Process 31 Eiriiis ft in. T the present time this art is receiving a great deal ot attention among the American people, and especially the intelligent class, who are taking every opportun-oi informing themselves in regard to the plan of moulding the various ornaments for use, the art of decorating them, the particular kinds of paints used, and the operation through which they pass in the burning in of the colors. It would be useless for me to attempt a book on art that would...

Sprinkle Work

Jileto outfits, neatly arranged in cases of different sizes. The contents are as follows One wire sieve, with handle, one coarse painting brush, one fine painting brush, three hundred pins, one small pair of pincers, several china saucers, one tube prepared Vandyke brown, one drawing pjn, one Ilerbaruiru with artificial leaves and space for the preservation of natural leaves and flowers, one envelope containing initials, six models of leaves. In working with the sieve and brush, an irregular...

Dxapsjlhtxh

us Diaphanie prints for transferring to glass are vers' similar to the Deealoomanies they are colored lithographs arranged on pajwr for transferring to glass, to represent stained glass, and is equally as pretty, and not so expensive. I> v this plan you may ornament your church window, lamp shades, glass work boxes, or wherever stained glass is employed. The materials required are a bottle of flxatif for fastening it to the glass, one or two medium size brushes, a bottle of transparent...

General Information

Laeroh his classification of colors, I lisJaS which is very practical with regard to their employ-ji j ment in painting - ' Classification of colors wiry respect to iron. ivu Iron plays an important part in the composition of a great many enamel colors for this reason I have taken it as a standard for my classification of colore into three groups. First Group. Colors that do not contain any iron First, the. white secondly, the blues thirdly, the colors from gold. A horn or...

Nlv Ca Di fitlzed by Mia oft

After bleaching the wax white as muslin, you ean make your parlor mantel ornaments of it. Keep a set of tin cups for your different tints of wax, your white cup being the largest. To Mold a Calla Lily. Have ready a basin of hot soap suds, strong as possible of soap, and hot, so that your lily will be smooth, not lumpy or bubbly. Melt your wax by setting the tin cup in tailing water, as glue is melted. To every pound of white wax add a tube of Winsor & Newton's flake white paint, dissolved...

Pc Rtraiture

Ra yox portr vitpre, to one who knows nothing of the method, seems not only very difficult, but almost unattainable, except after long years of study and practice. Even then many suppose artists are born, not made. The writer ot this article has been employ ed in teaching the art for several years, and could refer to many pupils who, after comparatively few lessons, were able to execute finished portraits of real merit. Any one wiio can learn to write can learn to draw, but a special method is...

Landscape Painting

Iie crayons used arc much hauler than the soft kind required in portraits they are manufactured expressly for landscapes, and resemble firm chalk. The following is a list of the most useful crayons White, Italian chalk straw colors and light yellow, blue, grey, vermilion and Indian reds blacks, conte crayons Nos. 1, 2 and 3. The white Italian chalk is used both for light touches and blending all the other crayons into m hich it may be worked. The black conte chalks are also of the utmost...

Directions

Place the mineral subject which you wish to transfer (about ten to fifteen minutes before being used), between some blotting paper slightly moistened. The object of this is to give flexibility to the paper, which thus moistened will give itself easy to the object, either concave or convex, on which you desire to transfer. Cover the object to be decorated with a coat of Verifiable Varnish, about the size of the design, with a flat camel's-halr brush leave it to dry a few minutes, that is, until...

A

For painting 011 a single sheet of glass, the following rales must be observed. A pure white glass must be chosen for the purpose, free from air specks or bubbles, and especially difficult of fusion, as the whole labor would lie lost ii it were attempted to bum in the colors upon a ground which fused as easily as themselves. It is practicable, as the examples of the ancients show, to paint on what would appear the commonest glass with a good result, provided that it does net...

Unrj ualif Digitized oy Microsoft

The engraving from, paper to glass, and discarding the paper wholly, is simply wonderful. We give it below Procure a fine quality of French glass, make perfectly clean with alcohol, then apply with a stiff brush a coat of damar varnish after drying about an hour, apply another coat, evenly and smoothly this allow to dry about ten minutes, or just long enough to make it sticky. Procure an uncolored steel engraving that you may desire to see painted, and trim off all the paper not connected with...

Etching on copperas

Oing this kind of work upon copper, in imitation of engraving, at a much less expense, is something worthy the attention of sketch-artists and draughtsmen, who will lind it very useful in getting duplicates of their work. You first make a correct tracing with a black lead pencil of the drawing which is to be etched, then screw the copper plate into a small hand vice. It must be understood that the copper is perfectly free from scratches, or other blemishes. Warm the plate from the back with a...

UB Calif DRjiftftd by rcrc affM

Instrument, a knitting-needle, glove buttoner, or an agate burnisher. Red gold has a dark effect, retreating green gold, on the other hand, stands out and has a light appearance. Black-lead is to be hail in lumps, and is most effective for bright or red ornamentations. Bronze powder is prepared with a little gum water. The possession of a magnifying glass is of importance in going over the work when finished, and subjecting the same to a severe scrutiny. It also greatly assists in the...

Peeing Generally Done Twice A Week

AVERAGE TRICES FOE FIRING DECORATIVE WARE. I Cup and Saucer, 15,20 and 25 . Gilding inclu'd, 25,30 & 35 . 6 (12 pieces), 75 . 1.50 1 uoz. Individ'l Butters, 50to GO . 1.00 Plates, single, 10 to 20 to 25 1 doz. Plates, 1.00 to 1.25 1.50 to 2.00 Pitchers, 10,15, 20, 25 and 50 . 20 to 50 -Fruit Dishes, 25 to 50 . 50 to 75 . Covered Dishes, 25, 50 and 75 . 50 to 1.25 Placques. 10, 15, 20, 25 to 50 . 20 to 75 . Tiles, Gi6 10 . Tiles, Plates Banded in any tint desired (< Hiding inclu'd), per...

Transparencies

'HEPE transparencies, or window pictures, are of late very much used and admired, and are purchased by those who have no knowledge of how they are made, at exhorbitant prices. They are made upon glass, perfectly transparent, and require a good light to see them. The way these pictures are produced is simple, and the process easy to learn. In it lies the secret, or fundamental principles, of all glass pictures. Instructions. Procure a fine, clear, French plato glass, size required, to receive...

The Secret Of

CLASS TRANSPARENCIES, SKETCHING FROM NATURE PASTEL CR A YON MAW INC, TAXIDERMY, Etc. tiresenting to the public and our artistically inclined ople our Art Manual we should do t,o with soma epidation had we nut the assurance, in placing before them this wcrk, that it would instantlj* win its way into their favor by its merits. Most books produced by the press of the present day a re novels, compilations, scientific and theological ones, meeting as they do only certain classes, and are subjects...

UMv Vanr uigltized by Microsoi

Colored draperies are begun like tlie draperies in monochrome, a Cat general tint touched up again at once with the same tint to give strength to the shadows. There is nothing prettier than pink drapery shaded with blue, and yellow shaded with pink or capucine red. White dra iery is begun w ith an extremely light-grey, mixed with green. Whites are reserved, that is, the greatest possible part of the china is left bare without paint to ionn the lights. The beginner will do well if she paints a...

Univ Calif Digitized by Microsoft E

The sepals, to be placed on the hand, and with the head of pin No. 2, gently roll from the points, so as to produce a number of faint lines, and also to unite the paper and wax firmly together, giving at the same time the proper transparency and gloss. The petals require considerable working with the large pin, to give them the roundness necessary after they are formed. They will require shading with a mixture of carmine and magenta, put on with a large tinting...

Univuaiii utymzea oy lYiicroSGit Gy

Feel scarcely any dampness left some, however, must remain, for the color would easily he removed by retouching, if it were in a puh crized state. The dessication can be hastened by heating, either at a lamp of spirits of wine, or in an oven but you must wait until the work is quite cold again before resuming. The first painting must be taken great care of, and kept very clean. While it is drying, it should be placed out of the reach of dust and damp if it be a plaque, place it in a flat box...

L

The Materials Required are as follows- The printed designs, three brushes, (two of camel's hair and one of hog's hair), a bottle of oaeh, (ilucine and enamel varnish, a roller, s sponge, a little blotting paper, and a pair of scissors. The instructions are very simple. With the camel-hair brush pass a coating of (xlueino over the colored face of the designs that are proposed to be useJ, care being taken that the Glueino does not touch the plain side of the paper the sheets of the designs should...

Univ Calif Digitizeu by rsiicroson

Article, then prick through the crease where they cross each other. To avoid injury to the eentcrof a round wooden plate by the repeated application of a compass, a horn protractor is fastened to the center with thumb tack , which leaves the center transparent, upon which the. compass may be. applied with considerable pressure, n the absence of a compass with an extension where large circles are required, a strip of pasteboard is substituted this is fastened to the center by a needle. For every...

Materials For Pastel Drawing

After this apply another with great care and evenness, and not so plentiful as at first. When done lay it with face up until dry. The picture is now completed. After this process of fixing the colors, they can be cleaned any time without injury to the painting. Crayons, square Mack eonte, Nop. 1, 2, and 3. Square white, red, and grey, Nos. 1, 2, ami 3. Round black eonte, Xos. 1, 2, and 3. Round white and red crayons. Conte crayon pencils in w ood, Xos. 1, 2. and 3. Charcoal in sticks....

Univ Calif Digitized by Microsoft B

And a great many teachers use a bottle, dipping the bottle, and forming wax thin at one end, thicker at the other. Either plaster, wood or glass must be dipped in the hot suds between every dipping in hot nielttnl wax. Wax Fruit is made in molds, and is always used with the paints in preparing the crude wax, and painted afterwards with dry powder paint. Almost all molds for Wax Fruit should be made in halves pears in three pieces and some fruits require the mold in several pieces. Unless the...

Instruction

The glass over the pattern or copy you wish to paint irom, such as flowers, birds, wreaths, etc., then with a fine pencil brush, or a common writing pen, trace all the outlines of your pattern as well a. possible on the glass, using for that purpose black paint made from lampblack ami copal varnish if too thick, add a little turpentine. When this is done, paint all the glass outside the picture, or that part not occupied by your drawing, with the black paint, same as used in making the...

M staining glass h

LASS-PAiisTiNG is uofc only restored, in our day, to tho perfect fullness of its ancient splendor, but also has acquired, .through the giant strides of the science of chemistry, and the great progress latterly made in tho arts of design, an amount of technical and assthetical power far exceeding whatever could formerly be called to its aid, Notwithstanding this advantage, however, the art has not yet reached that wide state of diffusion which, from the exquisite effects it is capable of...

Ui v Cai Digitized by Microsoft

To every 25 lbs. of fine glass blower's sand add 1 oz. of spermaceti and 1 oa. of calcined borax, thoroughly mixed and incorporated with the sand. The sand must be kept perfectly drv, the flowers must be dry, and from all flowers whore the honey gathers at the bottom of the cup, it must be removed before the sand bath is attempted. This is a delicate operation, and effected by the use of a crotchet hook, with a little cotton batting twisted around the point. Introduce it delicately in the...

Of Coloring Photographs

This is tho biggest little thing in painting that probably has ever been presented to amateur artists. For beauty of arrangement, ease and simplicity in its execution, no branch of art work of a similar nature has ever met with line success. With a fair idea of colors and their application, you may increase the beauty and enhance the value ten fold of any ordinary photograph, by following these instructions. To produce a first-class picture, you must...

Monochrome Painting On Porcelain Ob Earthenware

Begin on poroe- Iain by a plate, and on earthenw are by a tile. If the pupil has had no practice either in water colors or in oils if, in a word, has no idea as yet of setting a palette, undertake first a monochrome, that is to say, a painting done with one color only, heightened by one or two other tore- Monochromes are made in the following tints Grisailles, green, blue-green, blue, violet of iron, carmine, purple capucine red, sepia, red brown, bitumen. Deep red...

[ To Rgduceacrystailine Surface

Concentrated solution of salt, acetate of soda, Epsoin salt, etc., mixed with Dextrine in the cold, and laid on thinly as possible, with a broad, soft brash, and allowed to dry. The paper must be sized first, otherwise the formation of crystals will be jregalar, on account of the absorption of the liquid. The coating on glas3 is rendered adhesive by brushing it with a solution of shellac in alcohol. Colored glass arranged in this way makes a pretty transparency. A beautiful adhesive coating of...

C ayeccil

I seek the photograph you desire to color is mounted on a card, first immerse it in hailing hot water This jjtgfo will soften the paste, and in a short time the print may be lifted from the mount. Do not hurry, but give Iv the print a thorough soaking before trying to lift it from the card, anil always use great care to avoid tearing the photograph. Rinse the picture in cold water to clean it from the paste ami coloring matter that may adhere to it from the card. Let it remain in the vessel of...

Umv Calif Digitized oy Microsoirji

Either the whole picture may be brought out in its outlines and shadows, on one side of the sheet, with black, brown or gray color, and illuminated with the proper colors in the proper places on the other side. Or simply the manner of ordinary oil painting may be adopted with the glass colors, and tiie picture treated as by an artist in oil. Or, as is now most customary, both methods may be united the artist making use of each in certain places, according to the requirements of the object he...

Enamel Paixtixg Ox Teiracotta

Iest outline with l leal pencil the subject to be painted il tracing is preferred, use tracing paper, and transfer the design up in the article, by means of a colored transfer paper. The tcrra-cotta is now immersed in water when thoroughly saturated,1 take it out, and with a soft sponge absorb all the superfluous moisture. If, during the process of painting, some of the parts become too dry, moisten them with a flat brush dipped into w ater. Have on hand a sufficient quantity of white enamel...

Skinning

HEN a quadruped is killed, and its skin intended for stuffing, the preparatory steps are to lay tiie animal cn it hack and plug up its nostrils, mouth, and any wounds it may have received, with cotton or tow, to prevent the hlood from disfigming the skin The fox will serve admirably our purpose as an example. Therefore, Reynard being procured, we need not say how, lay him on his back in the same position as before recommended, and having first stuffed the mouth with cotton and tied it up, and...

Special Information Concerning Painting Colors

Mode of use mixtures concordance of enamel wtth moist and oil colors, and their usual technical names. r itttes, belonging to the first group. White is obtained v by permanent white, (for high lights), and Chinese white, a color of very limited use in painting, it being preferable to keep the white of the china when possible. Permanent white, alone or mixed with other colors for heightening, which is called high light, or relief, requires perfect grinding. It should be tried by related and well...

Digitized oy microsofT

You will find on the cork of the hottle, added to about one tea-spoonful of water, for flesh for draperies you can use it stronger, or as you desire. The liquid colors are mostly used, and consist of twelve ono ounce bottles, and are very powerful. Therefore, make your aj> -plication very weak, a mere tint only is required. Repeat the washing or tinting until the desired shade is produced. The colors used are as follows Black, Red, Blue, Green, Carmine, Gold, Brown, Violet, Orange, Purple and...

Arrasene

ADiES are turning away from the more laborious kinds of w ork, and seeking that which is artistic, useful, and beautiful. Many who have heretofore sat idle, are making their leisure hours pleasant, and their homes resplendent by aid of deeorative art. Housekeeping may be classed among those necessities which, to many, is a r life-long tornunt, for which there is hardly a remedy, although there are those who find charms therein' they at the same time are almost lost amid the vast multitude of...

Jss

Elect a well-defined Photograph, one of light color is preferable, and the background free from spots it is also well to have a duplicate copy to refer to in ca e of necessity a copy of two different sittings. Always select a good subject, as a good portrait depends much 011 a good model. In sitting for a photograph, take vonr own natural and easy position several feet in front of the background, with your eyes a trifle above the camera. Avoid all sujfertluous surroundings, such as fancy...

Natural Flowers

WBITTEN ESPECIALLY TOE THI WOBH IT THE FIEPT PREMU'M PIIESBIIT'EE 01 FLOWEHo. WBITTEN ESPECIALLY TOE THI WOBH IT THE FIEPT PREMU'M PIIESBIIT'EE 01 FLOWEHo. 'Twss a lovely thought to mark the hours, As they floated iti light away, By the opemm and the folding flower , That l.iugh Id the summer's daj, Hthvins, are five distinct methods for preserving natural and no one method can be given proper lor all varieties, and all families of the floral kingdom. Annuals, flowers of quick growth, of a...

Watercolor Painting On Terracotta

Outline or transfer the subjects as before mentioned. Moisten the terra-cotta, and absorb the superfluous moisture with blotting paper. Mix the colors with Chinese white, and use with them the terra-cotta medium already mentioned. For the blues, yellows, carmincs, and the bright colors, coat the parts thickly with Chinese white, using plenty of medium when quite dry, add the pure, bright colors. Wash them carefully over the white, mixed with medium, in order not to rub the latter up, which...

Crimson Rhododendron

This most effective flower should be made thus Select about twelve petals gum the edge, draw ov er edge, let them dry, then gum the small bulb at base of pistil and stamens (called the heart,)pass the stem of this through the opening of petals, draw down tightly, and let remain for a few mmutes to dry, cover tho stoir. with pale green paper, slightly bond the pistil and stamens that they may incline towards the central petal of the flower. A piece of strong wire about nine inches long is...

Miked Tints

The following are given as examples of some of the tints that may be obtained by mixture of the more important colors. Rose Madder and Cobalt. With these colors a variety of delicate tints of great purity and permanence may be produced of general use in distances, skies, water, etc. Yellow Onhre, Rose Madder, and Cobalt. Being made up of the three primaries, are duller or greyer, but wilt produce a greater variety. Of use in distances, middle distance, etc. Vandyke Brown and Cobalt, Brown...

Glass Sign Workfl

FCR lettering dccr plates, ORNAMENTIXG GLASS WORK BOXES, Etc, ow this art may bo applied to making signs of every description, numbers of dwellings, door plates, ornamental borders for pictures, ornamenting work boxes, etc., which are made at a trifling expense, and unsurpassed f or brilliancy. First. Clean well the glass to be used, with alcohol. Second. Wet with your tongue the _ _ side cleaned, and immediately lay over the whole of that side a coat of gold or silver leaf. Third. Let this dry...

Flowers jpkand

Nothing in fancy work excels the art of making Wax Flowers for interest,amusement and fascination. Only a few tools are required. A good'eye for colors and a little taste in arranging them. There are two distinct methods. First, By Molding Them. All tubular flowers must be made by molds, viz Calla lily, lily of the valley, iris, morning glory, scarlet cypress vine, steplianotas, and all other flowers tubular or labiated. A good set of wooden molds, carved carefully, is the best, but any lady...

The Use Of The Pentagraph

This is an instrument in four sections, so arranged that you can enlarge or diminish in size, and copy a photograph, engraving, or any kind of picture. It contains a screw to fasten it to the table, a small steel needle to guide in the outlining, and a lead pencil to do the drawing. How to Use it. Screw the Pentagraph to the table, with the needle point to your left, upon the photograph, (which is fastened to the table also), holding the end containing the pencil with the fingers, to the right....

Lesson In Drawing

Before going into the field to make * sketch, it is essential ou become familiar with the different lines used in drawing, the less difficulty you will have m sketching from nature. The first effort will be to get control of the hand and pencil, or pen, which is the leading essential in learning to write or draw. Secondly, a right understanding of the straight and cuno lines used cannot be dispensed with. A neglect of these first principles, and the want of a thorough drilling by an experienced...

Copying With Transparent Paper

Tf NOTHEU method of transferring pictures to paper is by the U use of a transparent paper, which is made by dissolving cas-J tor oilabsolute alcohol, and applying the liquid to the papier with a brush or sponge. The paper becomes dry as soon as the alcohol evaporates, w hieh is almost instantly. After which lay the paper on the picture you are about to copy, and with a pencil follow the outlines of the picture until you haw gone over the whole. As soon as done immerse the paper in alcohol,...

Gilding

The part you wish to have leaf gold, cover evenly with gold size. Chrome yellow or white lead may be mixed in with the gold size to enable you to see the process. Allow it to dry until a little sticky. It can remain much longer than for bronzing, as leaf gold does not require so strong a sticking property as bronze. When sufficiently dry, put on the gold by means of the tip, or your fingers, from the gold book. Bo careful to cover every part of the gold size with smooth leaf-gold. When all...

Portraits

For the past few years a great improvement lias been made in the execution of portraits in black and colored crayons. Crayon painting is much easier in its execution than oil painting, and pictures may be completed at one sitting, owing to the fact that dry colors are used instead of oil, which may easily be removed or changed at will, left and resumed again at any time desired. In this department of art crayon takes the dace of Irush and paint In all the different places where colors are used....

J v falft r gitized by i

A genera rale for the manipulation of the brush in flower painting may be laid down thus The handling is always done the way of the petals, converging towards the center. Leaves. Each plant possesses a particular kind of leaf, and even in the rose the leaves of different varieties are not alike. Thus, for the leaves of the Bengal rose, a semi bright tint, a shiny apfiearance without many v eins, the young shoots tinged with carmine, or else purple mixed with silver yellow. The king's rose the...

Introductory Remarks

x learning the art of drawing or writing, like all other fl Arts and Sciences, there are certain first and fi ed prin-nO ciplcs to be observed as a foundation agon which the whole is built. A right understanding of these is absolutely necessary that we may become masters of that art which we undertake to learn. A neglect of these first principles is the reason why so many who have spent time sufficient to become accomplished artists, are, after all their pains and loss of time, incapable of...

Monochromatic Drawing

' ike pasteboard or drawing paper, size with isin glass, or paint with pure white lead, When thoroughly dried, smooth it down with sand-paper, and paint again. Before this coat is perfectly dry, sift upon it pulverized white marble, through muslin. When dry, shake off the loose marble that remains. Monochromatic board can be found already prepared at the book stores, where artist materials are kept. The materials needed for this work, is a thin-blade knife, crayons, fine sponge, pencil, cork,...