Underpainting The Flowers

With the 1 2 brush and a very thin mixture of painting medium and Cad Yellow, use long, flowing strokes to block in the hibiscus and the large bud. (See Pro-gressional Step 1.) With a clean, dry 1 2 brush, add a small amount of Alizarin Crimson to the center of the large flower, extending the color out to create the shadowed areas cast by each of the five petals. Add a small amount of Alizarin Crimson to the inside and the base of the large bud, fanning the color up and out in the direction...

Editor

EDITORIAL ASSISTANCE Bob Ross Walt Kowalski Joan Kowalski Joe Kowalski PAINTINGS AND LINE DRAWINGS Annette Kowalski Rylon and Eva Hall, my parents, for the uncomplaining acceptance of my neglect during the writing of this book. Martin F. Weber Company - For their support in the development and manufacture of Bob Ross Floral Products. Copyright 1994 by Bob Ross Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced in any form or by an electronic or mechanical means, including...

LEAVES

Start by lightly sketching the clusters of large leaves cascading down from the top of the canvas with the small round brush or the filbert brush and a thin mixture of painting medium and Sap Green. Paint large leaves cascading down from the top of the canvas with various mixtures of Sap Green, Ultramarine Blue, Cad Yellow, Mauve and Turquoise. To paint each large leaf, load the 3 4 or 1 2 brush to a chiseled edge. Working from the base of the leaf to the tip, angle a series of overlapping...

FOLIAGE

Add foliage to your floral arrangement by lightly sketching the individual leaf placement with the filbert brush and a thin mixture of painting medium and leaf color of choice. Think about your composition it's fun to have the foliage cascading out of the basket. To paint each of the dark leaves, load the 1 2 or 3 4 brush with a mixture of Sap Green and Ultramarine Blue and loosely fill in the basic shape of the leaf. Reload the brush with the leaf color, carefully smoothing the paint into the...

Highlighting The Poppies

Highlight the poppies with the 1 2 brush and Cad Red Light. Paint each petal with a series of overlapping strokes, reloading the brush as necessary. Final subtle highlights can be added to just the edges of the petals with dry Cad Orange. Underpaint the small buds and the large bud on the table top with the 1 2 brush and a mixture of Alizarin Crimson and Cad Red Medium. Highlight the buds with a small amount of Cad Red Light. Use a thinned mixture of Sap Green and Cad Yellow and the filbert...

Highlighting The Flowers

To highlight each of the six flowers, load a clean, dry 1 2 brush with a mixture of a small amount of painting medium and Titanium White, carefully smoothing the mixture into the bristles. (The bristles of the brush must be carefully groomed and very smooth ) Starting with the large back petals, place the carefully loaded brush at the outer edge of the first petal, just outside the initial underpainting. Apply pressure and slowly stroke in towards the center of the flower, releasing pressure as...

Basic Instructions

I think the best way to begin a painting is with a very loose, free-hand sketch. But, if you would like to begin your painting with a tracing, I have included a line drawing, over a grid, with each project. Simply place an opaque projector over the line drawing and project the design to the size of your canvas. I prefer projecting the design to a large sheet of paper (freezer paper is wonderful for this and is 18 wide ) and tracing it with a felt tip marker. Then after transferring the design...

Materials

1 Brush 2 Liner Brush 1 2 Floral Brush Floral Filbert 2 Soft Blender Brush 3 4 Floral Brush Small Round Floral Brush Cad Orange Cad Red Light Cad Red Medium Cad Yellow Light Mauve Sap Green Titanium White Turquoise Ultramarine Blue Start by using the foam applicator to cover the entire canvas with a thin, even coat of Black gesso and allow to dry completely. When the gesso is dry, use the 1 brush to cover the entire canvas with a thin, even coat of painting medium. Loosely sketch the clay pot,...

Bob Ross Landscape Brushes

The Bob Ross 1 and 2 landscape brushes are also pure, natural bristle brushes and can be used to apply the Liquid Mediums to the canvas and can also be used to apply and blend background colors. The Bob Ross 2 Soft Blender brush is wonderful for blending out harsh brush strokes, creating very soft, smooth, silky flowers. Beginner painters especially will find this brush helpful. The Bob Ross 2 Liner brush is used to add small buds, vines, twigs, tendrils, but most importantly, your signature.

Finishing Touches

The beard is underpainted with Alizarin Crimson, then highlighted with tiny dots of Cad Yellow and Titanium White using the small round brush or the tip of the filbert brush. You can also add a small amount of Cad Yellow to the base of the small, White, inside petal. Shape the buds with the 1 2 brush and a mixture of Mauve and Blue. Highlight the buds with the 1 2 brush and Titanium White. Use a mixture of Sap Green and Cad Yellow to add the calyxes to the buds. To complete the iris, use the...

Clay

Make a Brown mixture on your palette by mixing equal portions of Alizarin Crimson and Sap Green. In this painting the light source is on the right side, forcing the left side and the bottom of the pot into deep shadow. Use the 3 4 or 1 2 brush and the Brown mixture to block in the left side of the pot and the bottom of the pot. Reload the brush with a mixture of the Brown and Cad Orange and use criss-cross strokes to block in the middle value of the pot. Add the lightest area with a mixture of...

Info

Block in dark foliage areas with the 3 4* brush and mixtures of Green and Blue. Use the 1 2 brush to underpaint the flowers with thin mixtures of White and Crimson and Pink and Yellow. 5. Add Alizarin Crimson to the centers of five of the flowers and Mauve to one flower. Fan the color out in the direction the flower is facing. Then use the 3 4 brush to paint leaves with mixtures of Green, Blue, White and Yellow.

Background

Paint the background with the 1 brush and crisscross strokes, carefully working around and avoiding the flowers. Use a mixture of painting medium, Ultramarine Blue, Sap Green and Turquoise below and to the right of flowers. Add Titanium White to these background colors on the left side of the canvas, above the flowers. To create the mottled effect in the background, dip the 1 2 brush into paint thinner and pass the blade of a knife across the bristles of the brush, directing the spray of paint...

Other Supplies

Any non-absorbent palette can be used for this technique of floral painting. The Bob Ross acrylic palette is wonderful, or you may prefer to use pads of disposable, palette papers. Painting Knife A small knife for moving and blending paints on your palette is a nice addition. The Bob Ross small knife works great for this purpose. An inexpensive foam applicator for applying Gesso to your canvas is a must. NEVER use your natural bristle brushes with Gesso. Plain, ordinary, household wax paper is...

Fuchsias

Underpaint the fuchsias and buds with thinned Mauve on the 1 2 brush. Highlight, shaping the individual petals with dry Titanium White. The long, flowing tapered petals at the base of the fuchsias are added with a thinned mixture of Mauve and Alizarin Crimson. Add stems with the chiseled edge of the liner brush and a thinned mixture of Sap Green and Cad Yellow. Also use Green and Yellow on the filbert brush to add the calyxes and small tapered leaves to your arrangement.

Fantasy Flowers

Sketch the placement of six flowers and cover the background with Liquid White. Add mixtures of Mauve, Turquoise and Ultramarine Blue to the background with the 1 brush and criss-cross strokes. 2. Intensify the background colors near the flowers with the 1 brush, then blend the entire background with the 2 soft blender brush. 3. Use the 3 4 brush to add subtle background leaves with mixtures of White, Mauve, Blue and Turquoise, then diffuse the foliage into the background by blending with the 2...

Roses

Use a very thin mixture of Floral Pink and Yellow on the 1 2 brush to underpaint the two Peach-colored roses. Try not to paint perfect, hard circles. Work quickly, using very little paint, keeping your strokes loose and flowing, creating an uneven shape with soft, ruffled, edges. (This step is very importsnt to this technique.) Underpaint the Pink rose with a very thin mixture of White, which has been tinted to a gorgeous Pink with a small amount of Alizarin Crimson. Block in the Red rose with...

Poppies

Underpaint the Red poppy with a very thin mixture of painting medium and Cad Red Medium. Use the 1 2 brush and just block in the flower with long, loose, flowing strokes. Underpaint the Orange flower with thinned Cad Orange and the two Yellow flowers with thinned Cad Yellow. Use a thinned, mixture of Titanium White, Black, Cad Yellow and Sap Green to underpaint the White poppy. Don't be afraid to pull background and foliage colors into flowers this will lend an air of transparency to your...

Cleaning The Brushes

All of the brushes should be cleaned with Bob Ross Odorless Paint Thinner. AVOID CLEANING ANY OF THESE BRUSHES WITH SOAP AND OR WATER. Clean the Floral brushes by first removing excess paint with a very soft rag or paper towel, then swish the bristles in a smooth-bottomed container of odorless paint thinner until all traces of paint are removed from the bristles. Dry the bristles on a soft paper towel, squeezing them back into shape. The bristles of the Bob Ross Landscape brushes can be cleaned...

Highlighting The Hibiscus And

To contour and highlight the hibiscus, proper loading of the brush is essential. Load the 1 2 brush with a mixture of Titanium White and Yellow which has been thinned to a smooth flowing consistency with a very small amount of painting medium. Carefully smooth the paint into both sides of the bristles, forcing them to a chiseled edge. Highlight the hibiscus, one petal at a time. Start at the outside edge of the first petal, apply pressure to the brush, then as you stroke towards the base of the...

Floral Brushes

All of the Bob Ross Floral brushes are pure, natural bristle brushes and have been specially designed to work with Bob Ross Soft Oil Colors. They are made of pure, soft but stable bristles. These brushes are very important to this technique of floral painting, I have tried to limit the number of brushes used in this book to basically the Floral 1 2 brush and the Floral filbert brush. As you progress, and begin your own experimentation, you may wish to add the 3 4 and the small round brush to...

Underpainting The Poppies

Underpaint the poppies with the 1 2 brush and a thin mixture of Alizarin Crimson and Cad Red Medium. (See Progressional Step 4.) Use the 1 2 brush to create the dark center of each poppy with a small amount of Alizarin Crimson, fanning the color out in the direction the flower is facing. Also add Alizarin Crimson under the center cup-shape of the downward facing poppy. (See Progressional Step 5.) You may find it helpful at this stage to sketch the poppy petals with thinned Cad Red Light on the...

Painting Medium

Bob Ross painting medium can also be used to pre-coat the canvas, especially if the canvas has never been pre-painted with Gesso and no additional base-coat color is desired. It can also be used to thin any of the Soft oil colors to a base coat consistency. The painting medium is always used (almost without exception) to thin the Soft paints to a workable consistency for this technique. Again, both Liquid White and painting medium are slow-drying, oil-based mediums and should not be confused...

Tulips

Underpaint each of the tulips with the 1 2 brush and a very thin mixture of painting medium and Mauve. (See Progressions Step 2.) Darken the centers and add the shadowed areas of the tulips with a mixture of Ultramarine Blue and Alizarin Crimson. Pay close attention to brush strokes, blending these dark areas out in the direction that the petal is facing. (See Progressions Step 3.) To contour and highlight the individual tulip petals, proper loading of the brush is essential. Load the 1 2 brush...

Daisies

Paint a cluster of daisies with thinned Titanium White and the filbert brush. To paint each daisy, use the side of the brush to start with a few curved, horizontal, strokes for the foreshortened petals. To paint each of the larger petals, apply pressure on the brush at the outside edge of the petal, stroke in towards the center of the daisy, releasing pressure to create a slim, tapered inside tip. Paint many petals, allowing the daisies to face in various directions. For full face daisies, no...

Highlighting The Roses

To highlight the Peach-colored roses and the Pink rose, load a clean, dry 1 2 brush with a mixture of a small amount of painting medium and Titanium White, carefully smoothing the mixture into the bristles of the brush. (The bristles of the brush must be full of psint snd very smooth ) Begin by reinforcing the cup of the rose with a curved, horizontal stroke. Reloading the brush with White as necessary, start in the center of the rose and paint small overlapping petals. Carefully directing all...

Blue Parrot Tulips

Blue Parrot Tulip

Begin by sketching the tulips with thinned Mauve on the small round brush. Paint the background with the 1 brush and criss-cross strokes using various mixtures of painting medium, Blue, Green, Turquoise and White. Create the mottled effect by spraying the background with paint thinner. 2. Add long, curved, double-wide leaves with the 3 4 brush and various mixtures of Blue, Green, Turquoise and Yellow. Mist again with odorless paint thinner. Underpaint the tulips with the 1 2 brush and a very...

Word About Color

I think Sap Green is the floral painter's best friend, but is very bright and can rarely be used alone for foliage. Try brush-mixing a very, very small amount of Ultramarine Blue OR Alizarin Crimson OR Cad Red Medium with Sap Green to make a variety of gorgeous My favorite Brown is made with a mixture of equal parts of Alizarin Crimson and Sap Green. This is the most incredible color and can be used to paint an old straw basket, a clay pot or copper. It is also wonderful for woody stems and...

Underpainting The Sunflowers

Block in the sunflower petals with the 1 2 brush and Cad Red Medium near the flower center and Cad Yellow at the edges. Be sure to add painting medium to these colors and try not to paint individual petals. Just mass in the basic shape of the flowers. Underpaint the buds with Cad Red Medium near the base of the petals and Cad Yellow on the tips of the petals. Use the filbert brush to tap in the large, dark sunflower centers with a mixture of Black and your homemade Brown. (See Progressional...

Night Blooming Cereus

Oil Painting Night Blooming Cereus

Begin by using the foam applicator to cover the entire canvas with a thin, even coat of Black gesso. When the gesso is dry, sketch the flowers with thinned White. Then, cover the entire canvas with a thin, even coat of painting medium. 2. Use the 1 brush and a small amount of Turquoise to paint the background with criss-cross strokes. Blend with the soft blender brush. 3. Paint leaves cascading down from the top of the canvas with the 3 4 brush and mixtures of Green and Blue, Turquoise and...

Copper

Use the 1 2 or the 3 4 brush and the Brown mixture to paint the left side and lower portion of the copper pot. Darken the left side of the pot with Ultramarine Blue and merge it right into the background. Block in the middle tone, including the right side of the pot with a mixture of the Brown, Cad Red Medium and Orange. Don't forget to use just enough painting medium to keep the paint flowing smoothly. The light area of the pot is Cad Orange. With a clean, dry 1 2 or 3 4 brush, use criss-cross...

Lilacs

Lilacs are a cluster of tiny florets, each with four petals. Indicate just a few individual lilac petals with the filbert brush and various mixtures of White, Alizarin Crimson, Mauve and Turquoise. When highlighting the masses of lilacs, keep in mind that the source of light in this painting is on the right side the left sides of the flowers would be in shadow. You can use the soft blender brush to diffuse the flowers in shadow, if desired. Use thinned Titanium White on the filbert brush to add...

Morning Glories

Watercolor Instruction Morining Glories

Use masking tape to mask off a trellis design with a 1 'A border. Then use a foam applicator to paint the exposed area of the canvas with Gray gesso. 2. Use very thin Ultramarine Blue on the small round brush or the filbert brush to loosely sketch the morning glories. 3. Use the 1 brush to paint the lower portion of the canvas with a mixture of Liquid White and Orange. Paint the upper portion of the canvas with Liquid White, Blue, Mauve and Green. Allow the flowers to remain dry and...

Introduction

If you are excited by color, then you should be painting flowers. If you are really turned on by a brilliant Pink, a vivid Orange or muted Blues, Lavenders and Greens, then you should be painting flowers. Whether painting very realistic flowers or flowers of pure fantasy, I can think of no other subject matter where there are so few color limitations. And color is really what it is all about Even if you have never painted before, with just a couple of brushes, several gorgeous colors and a few...

How To Grow Flowers

1 Brush 2 Liner Brush 1 2 Brush Floral Filbert 2 Soft Blender Brush 3 4 Floral Brush Small Round Floral Brush Cad Yellow Light Mauve Sap Green Titanium White Turquoise Ultramarine Blue Liquid White Odorless Paint Thinner This is an exercise in White proving that you must use a lot of color in order to paint White flowers. Begin by using the small round brush or the filbert brush to loosely sketch the hanging pot with a very thin mixture of Blue and painting medium. Sketch the flower placement...

Hanging Pot Of White Flowers With Fuchsias

Blue And White Flower Pots

Paint very pale, subtle basic leaves and tapered leaves with mixtures of White, Mauve and Blue. 3. Paint very pale, subtle basic leaves and tapered leaves with mixtures of White, Mauve and Blue. 1. Start by using the small round brush to sketch the pot with Blue and the six flowers with Mauve. Then, use the 1 brush to cover the canvas with Liquid White. Add various mixtures of Mauve and Blue to the background and blend. 4. Add dark foliage with Green and Blue. Block in the three White...

Oval Roses

Blue And Yellow Rose Painting

Start by sketching the position of four roses with thinned Floral Pink on the small round brush. Don't make these sketches too large flowers grow as you are painting them. Use the 1 brush to cover the background with Liquid White. 2. Use the 1 brush and criss-cross strokes to add mixtures of Mauve and Turquoise to the background. Blend with the soft blender brush, allowing the color to remain more intense near the flowers. 3. Use the 3 4 brush to paint very pale background leaves with...

Basket Of Lilacs And Daisies

Watercolor Loose Foliage Background

Paint the entire canvas with a thin even coat of Gray gesso. When the Gray gesso is dry, paint the background with the Pink, Blue and Black. Loosely sketch the basket with the filbert brush and thinned Black and White. 2. Use the filbert brush and Gray mixtures made from Titanium White and Black to weave the basket. 2. Use the filbert brush and Gray mixtures made from Titanium White and Black to weave the basket. 3. Underpaint the lilacs with the 1 2 brush and loose criss-cross strokes using...

Iris

Iris Painting Backgrounds

Paint large tapered leaves with the 3 4 brush and mixtures of Green, Blue, Turquoise and White. 1. Use a foam applicator to paint the entire canvas with Gray gesso. When the canvas is dry, sketch the iris, apply painting medium, then paint the background with the 1 brush and mixtures of Yellow, Mauve, Blue and Turquoise. 2. Paint large tapered leaves with the 3 4 brush and mixtures of Green, Blue, Turquoise and White. 3. Underpaint the top of the iris with the 1 2 brush and a thin mixture of...

Basket Of Sunflowers

Painting Flowers

Start by using a foam applicator to cover the entire canvas with a thin, even coat of Black gesso. When the Black gesso is dry, use the 1 brush to apply a thin, even coat of painting medium to the canvas. With the 1 brush and criss-cross strokes, apply Red, Mauve and Turquoise to the background. Blend lightly with the 2 soft blender brush. Use the filbert brush and Brown to weave the basket. Highlight the basket, very sparingly, with a mixture of Orange and Yellow, using the filbert brush....

Annette Kowalski

Joy Floral Painting

Annette Kowalski was born and raised in the beautiful city of Washington, D.C., our nation's capital. Her love of art was demonstrated from earliest childhood and followed her into adulthood. It was in Washington, D.C., that she met and married a young soldier, Walt Kowalski. Annette and Walt had five children in rapid succession and her artist career was placed on the back burner in order to raise her family. Annette's love of art never faltered, but the demands of raising a large family left...

Hydrangeas In Talayera

Oil Paint White Flower Dark Background

Underpaint the leaves with a mixture of Sap Green and Ultramarine Blue. Underpaint the flowers with thin mixtures of Titanium White, Ultramarine Blue, Turquoise and Mauve. 2. Paint the background with a mixture of Sap Green, Ultramarine Blue and Black. Add Titanium White to the upper left comer and a mixture of Cad Yellow and Titanium White on the lower right side of the pot. Block in the dark foliage areas between the flowers with mixtures of Sap Green and Ultramarine Blue. 4. Use the 3 4...

Can I Use Any Type Of Art Products

Watercolor Instruction Morining Glories

All of the paintings in this book were produced with products specially designed for this method of painting. To achieve the best results from your efforts, I strongly recommend that you use the only products designed specifically for this technique. Always insist that the supplies you purchased have the Bob Ross label. This will assure that you are receiving the finest and most suitable products available. WHERE CAN I OBTAIN MATERIALS SPECIFICALLY DESIGNED FOR THIS TECHNIQUE OF PAINTING...

To The Artist

Annette Kowalski

It is with the utmost pleasure and pride that I have the opportunity to present Annette Kowalski and her first Joy of Painting Flowers book. I sincerely believe that with the techniques and equipment she has developed, combined with a little practice, that you will soon be able to complete floral paintings so beautiful that you as well as family and friends will find it hard to believe. I first met Annette in Clearwater, Florida in 1981, where I was teaching art classes. I was immediately...

R Joy of fainting lowers

The Joy of Painting Flowers Packets Watch the new Joy unfold on video Annette Kowalski produces three exciting hours of Ross-style floral beauty. Segments include Foliage, Basic Flower, Daisies and Buds, Clusters, Pot, Basket and much more. Fine close-ups, brilliant color, easy pacc. ftAKWOlV Pol 0' Pink Poppies Red amp Pink Roses in Oval KPOOC. KP 07 Basket of Sunflowers KP020 pages will guide you through the new Ross soft technique thirteen gorgeous color floral paintings, step-by-step...

Hibiscus

Oil Paint Three Hibiscus Flower

Loosely sketch the hibiscus with thinned Yellow and the small round brush. Paint the canvas with Liquid White using the 1 brush. Then use criss-cross strokes to add various background mixtures of Sap Green, Alizarin Crimson, Yellow and Orange to the upper portion of the canvas. Use a mixture of Mauve and Turquoise on the lower portion of the canvas. Blend the entire background with the soft blender brush. Underpaint the flower and bud with the 1 2 brush and thinned Yellow. 3. Paint basic...

Criss Cross Work Sketching Flower

Nice Painting Sketches Flowers

Use the 1 2 or 3 4 brush and criss-cross strokes to block in leaf color in the center of the leaf. 2. Add a water drop to a basic leaf. 3. Reload the 1 2 brush to a chiseled edge and begin angling strokes from the outside edge of the leaf towards the center of the leaf. 3. Paint clusters of daisies on clusters of leaves. 4. Continue angling a series of overlapping strokes from the outside edge of the leaf to the center. Use the chiseled edge of the brush to cut in a center vein and to add...