Draw the horizontal and vertical center lines on your paper. You can use the diagonals of your viewfinder frame to make a box on your paper that is proportionally equal to the frame. Site the arrangement in that box on your paper. Then pick a place to start and draw the first shape.
Start out with some planning lines in addition to the center horizontal and vertical lines. Make a light set of shapes and lines that establish placement on the page, position of objects, and amount of overlap. Try drawing a light set of lines that enclose your composition. You can use these lines to judge shapes and spaces against.
In addition, you may want to check relative heights and widths against each other. To do this, select a baseline or measurement that you can consider having a length of "1." Then, use that measurement to gauge other lengths, widths, curves, shapes, and spaces. Establish the ratio between the base and any line you measure against it, such as 1:2, 1:4, 1:5, etc.
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