Form and Function

Now, begin to work on form.

You can add tone, or try to define the form with line, or you can leave it a contour line drawing.

Try Your Hand

If you have a problem, use the plastic picture plane and transfer what you see to your drawing.

If you choose to add form, adjust your lighting if necessary. Make a tonal chart for the values in your arrangement.

Squint to see the extremes of value in you arrangement and subdue the detail and mid-tones.

Pick out the lightest spots and the darkest.

Add some tone to the middle shades, from the lighter ones to the darker ones. Try to see tones as having shapes on your subjects.

Look at shadows next to things and under things as well as shadows on other things.

You can work toward a very tonal drawing or you can merely suggest volume, perhaps just with shadows. Add detail and texture as you see them. Use those naturalist's eyes of yours for a clear seeing of detail.

The Art of Drawing

Rendering texture requires a mark that is appropriate for describing the texture. Experiment on a separate piece of paper.

Detail and texture may also require a lot of planning and measuring, especially if there is a pattern on china, a fabric print, or fine detail on seashells.

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