Decide On A Format

Deciding on a format is not difficult. More often than not, the landscape or subject will dictate a horizontal or vertical format to you. Try the standard sizes, like 9 X 12 or 12 X 16, or get creative and try a 16 X 6 vertical. Start by taking your newsprint pad and making thumbnail sketches. Try various formats you don't have to decide on your first sketch. Most likely one sketch or idea will lead to another. Then decide on the most pleasing format and develop your landscape to the format you...

Drawing Pads And Sketchbooks

Many fine papers are available today, but to get started, I recommend an 18x24 pad of Strath-more 400 Series Drawing Paper, regular surface. This is a good all-around paper with a nice surface that is accommodating to both pencil and charcoal. Newsprint is an inexpensive type of paper (newspaper) that is excellent for formulating your ideas and working out problems without the fear that you are wasting good paper (14 X 17 or 18x24 rough will do nicely). Your sketchbook should be at least 5Vi...

Choosing Your Subject

Pencil Drawing Fence

Something has attracted your attention. Something has caused you to stop and take a second look. Perhaps it is a gnarly old tree, or a group of trees silhouetted against a mountain, or clouds reflected in a stream. It doesn't matter exactly what it is what matters is that it has started your creative juices flowing. Walk around, get as close as possible there's no hurry. Study the scene get the feel of the area try to become a part of the landscape. At right are three photos of a landscape that...

Drawing Board

Line Drawings Tkd

Sometimes the sketch pad or paper you are working on will need some support under it. You can buy a drawing board in the art store or make your own out of a piece of Masonite or ' 2-inch plywood. If you use plywood, seal it with polyurethane it will last longer. As you are working with 18x 24 sheets of paper, your board should be at least one inch larger all around. You will find the surface of your drawing paper more accommodating to your pencil if you slip several sheets of newsprint...

Trees

Trees Drawings With Leaves Blowing Away

I have always been a student and an admirer of trees. Trees are tall or short, wide or thin, strong or weak. They are beautiful and haunting. Masculine and feminine. But the wonderful thing about trees is that they are what you see and make of them. You as an artist should study and sketch trees during all seasons. Trees have an identifiable pattern to their foliage and a character of their own. Their trunks and branches grow in a distinctive pattern. Have you ever noticed how much color there...

Charcoal

This wonderful medium can also be acquired in pencil form. The degree of softness will vary with the manufacturer. Another type of charcoal pencil comes wrapped in a paper casing that you peel to expose the charcoal. One of my favorites is a ' 4-inch charcoal stick that fits into a metal or plastic holder a wonderful sketching tool. You can also acquire sticks of compressed charcoal with carbon added. You get greater coverage and rich black from them. Then you have the natural vine charcoal,...

Techniques For Showing Light Snow

Easy Side Views Manga Head

For the light dusting of snow in drawing A, I used a 2B graphite pencil to sketch an outline of the tree trunk and limb. A light pencil line indicates the upper edge of the snow. The shading of the trunk and limbs was done with a 6B graphite pencil worked up to the snow line. A few darks were added under the snow to indicate thickness and add to the impression that the snow is lying on top of the bark. To intensify the feeling of light snow, a small amount of snow was left at the crotch of the...

High Horizon

As we saw on the previous page, a horizon line that cuts right across the middle of your picture can lead to a static, boring composition. Strive for unequal divisions and asymmetrical placement of the various elements in your drawing, which you balance with size, values or perspective. In this sketch, a high horizon line gives you the opportunity to produce a more interesting picture. The trail on the right is balanced by the field and dark area on the left. The trees lead you to the vanishing...

Small Pencil Art Of Nature

Landscaping Around Small Pond

Ponds are bodies of water smaller than lakes. They may occur naturally as a result of underground springs, or they may be man-made holes dug for any number of reasons. The pond environment catches the attention of many a landscape artist. These three small studies were all rendered with graphite pencils on Arches hot-press paper. This is a close-up of a very small pond. Here, interest was created by the placement of the weeds and the reflections in the water. Ponds are often partially hidden by...

Sharpening Pencils

Sharpening Pencil With Razor Blade

I prefer single-edged razor blades for sharpening my pencils because I can expose more lead than with a sharpener. To sharpen with a blade, place the blade between your right thumb and forefinger as shown. Place the pencil in your left hand, and with your left thumb, push the blade forward into the wood of the pencil. Take short, shallow strokes at first. As you push the razor forward with your left thumb, the right hand turns the blade upward and away from the lead. Keep rotating the pencil,...

Composing Your Picture

Nature Sketches

Every picture must have a focal point where the artist places the most interesting shapes and elements to create the center of interest. To start the thinking process, we must first consider the composition. The dictionary says Composition is the art of combining parts or elements to form a whole. Let's say you have found an area that you wish to develop into a picture. Start with visual thinking putting your thoughts about what you see and feel down on paper. Decide on either a horizontal or...

Translating Value Sketches

Values From Nature

If you squint your eyes or use amber-colored sunglasses, you can break down the landscape to about three values a light, a mid-tone and a dark. Most people, in the beginning, tend to overestimate the number of values they see in the landscape. Naturally, there are more than just three values, but the simpler you indicate your sketch, the easier it will be to translate your value sketch into a drawing when you get back to your studio. Using the value scale on the previous page, make a simplified...

Nature in Various Mediums

How Pencil Draw Landscape Fields

Up to this point, we have been discussing the many elements that go into composing a landscape. Now we begin to put it all together with a look at some landscapes done with various drawing materials on a variety of papers and surfaces. For example, the drawing at left was rendered with several hard- and soft-leaded graphite pencils, which, when combined with the textured-surface paper, lent a richness of tone and texture. These examples are not the last word on landscapes. There are no...

Simple Nature Sketches

Simple Lake Nature Drawing

Lakes supply an artist with a lot of good drawing material water, animal life, rock formations, tree and plant growth, and other sometimes unusual natural wonders. In this small drawing of North Lake in the Catskill Mountains, I included the lake and an unusual phenomenon called a quaking bog. The bog floats around, gradually increasing in size through the years, and eventually becomes anchored as part of the land mass. The large drawing was also inspired by North Lake. In both sketches, I...

Maples

Red Maple Sketch

Maples are some of the most admired and beautifully shaped trees. They are usually symmetrical, and the tops are rounded more often than not. They are abundant in foliage with a definite pattern. The graphite-pencil drawing lower right shows a mature tree with its symmetrical shape. In the fall, the maples usually put on a color demonstration reds and yellows that artists are forever seeking to capture. In the winter forest, one can always pick out the red maple by its twigs, which Another...

Pencil Values

Drawing Nature Pencil Shading

Value refers to the range of lights and darks your pencil can produce, from a dark black to a light gray and all the shades in between. Experiment with various types of pencils to discover what values they produce. Observe which lead will give you the richest black, and which a nice gray. You don't have to memorize everything a particular pencil will accomplish Just get a good working sense of the range of pencil values. These values were created by the following pencils B. ' 4-inch graphite...

Low Horizon

Low Horizon

A low horizon line gives you the room to develop wonderful skies, to do something interesting with dramatic cumulus clouds or cirrus clouds flying across the vast space. Notice in this sketch that I also included more of the mountain. Remember that as you shift your working position from sitting to standing, the horizon line will also change. Don't always place your horizon line in the same area on your paper. Just as your point of view changes as you shift your position, so should your horizon...

Shade And Shadow

Shadow Objects

In sunlight, all form becomes clear and sharp except for objects receding in the background or distance. Shadows are distinct and reveal to the viewer whether the terrain is flat or hilly. Grass in shadow is an excellent example of this, as it conforms to the contour of the land. In the sketch at right, you will notice a boulder in the path of the tree shadow. Shadows do not go around objects rather, they follow the contour or shape of the object, in this case a boulder. The shadow goes over...

Forest Sketches

Pines can add a feeling of tranquillity to a landscape, and pines without needles can express great drama. Pines can also add a sense of beauty and interest to your work by the way you express the various shapes tall, short, full, sparse and the beautiful patina and irregular designs of the branches and trunks without needles. Pines will grow close to one another, interweaving their limbs and branches, whereas other trees will bend away from anything growing close. The drawing right shows a...

Capture The Character Of A Tree

Cottonwood Tree Sketch

To present trees in your drawings that have a reasonable resemblance to the type of trees you wish to portray, you must study the characteristics of the various trees you come into contact with. If you squint your eyes while looking at a tree, you will see a pattern of darks and lights, as illustrated in Sketch A. All trees have a pattern to their foliage it's different for each tree, but it's a definite pattern. Drawing B illustrates an oak tree in which the main trunk usually grows straight...

Kinds Of Clouds

Drawings Types Clouds

Clouds arc developed in the atmosphere by the prevailing winds, moisture and dust particles. Familiar cloud names are cirrus, which are high flyers cumulus, which are middle-level clouds and stratus, which are the low clouds. Each one of these types has other members of the same family, such as altocumulus or stratocumulus. When you go outdoors, notice the cloud shapes overhead. You'll be surprised by the variety.

Using A Viewfinder

Realistic Pencil Stilllife Drawings

At one time or another, we have all looked through that little window in our camera to see what would be in the picture. That window is called the viewfinder. But holding a camera up to your eye can become awkward and tiring. You can easily make your own viewfinder by taking a 3 X 5 index card or any piece of stiff board, and cutting an opening 2x3. It's that simple. At right, you see one style of cardboard viewfinder with three different-sized openings. Adding an additional piece of board with...

Drawing Winter Leaves

Charcoal Smear Sheets

The next time you take a walk after a snowfall, notice the leaves lying in the snow some partially buried, others lying on top in various shapes and positions, such as an oak leaf curled up like a beckoning hand. But how do you get a pile of snow into the studio and keep it from melting You could take photographs, but if you want to be more intimate with your subject than photography allows, there is a solution. First, go outdoors and collect a large variety of leaves. Bring a large paper bag...

Mountains With Snow And Trees

Mountain Range With Trees Drawing

Snow-covered mountains present a variety of shapes and patterns to compose beautiful winter landscapes. I can see part of the Catskill Mountains from my studio window, and when I look at the skyline, I see a line of trees silhouetted against the sky that, to me, resembles the stubble of a beard Sketch A . Mountain ridges with trees offer many opportunities for creating interesting shapes and designs, but be careful not to make ridges parallel to each other or make trees all alike. Vary your...

Outdoor Equipment

Table Top Easels That Look Like Cranes

Pack stools come with a backrest or without the choice is yours. Look for the stools that have a couple of pockets plus zippered compartments on both sides, which are excellent for storage. A small folding chair is fine, but I recommend the pack stool because of the pockets, which give you extra storage space, and the shoulder strap, which makes carrying a lot easier. Easels come in an assortment of shapes and sizes. I use one of two different styles, determined by the circumstances. If I will...

Charcoal And Conte Sanguine

Snow Mountains Clouds Sketches

Part of the enjoyment in drawing is the variety of papers and surfaces to work on, as well as the many mediums available to draw with. For this drawing, I chose a piece of Ingres Antique laid paper in earth color. This is a mould-made paper with lines embedded during the manufacturing process. I used a sanguine drawing pencil made by Cont . Sanguine is reddish in color, though Cont makes various shades of sanguine you may want to try them all to see what you prefer. This is a sketch of a walnut...

Cirrus

Pencil Shading Nature Wide Images

Cirrus clouds appear in many different forms, most memorably as wisps of drifting, delicate, featherlike plumes. These clouds are composed of ice crystals. The degree of density, color whiteness and delicacy in their appearance is guided by the amount of crystals present. Cirrus clouds are very ap parent at sunrise and sunset, showing their reds and yellows before most clouds, and usually maintaining their colors after other clouds have faded. It's not necessary to make cirrus clouds parallel...

Realistic Oak Tree Drawings

Oak Tree Outline Drawing

Some of the most distinctive characteristics of oak trees are the heavy boughs with twisted, angular branches. These boughs and branches can easily be seen because oak trees have many more sky holes than most trees. Another outstanding feature is the downward thrust of the lower branches, as shown in the graph-ite-pencil drawing at right. The foliage is often heavily branched, and in the fall, it puts out a beautiful scarlet and red-orange leaf. Whereas most trees drop their leaves in the fall,...

Stanley Maltzman

Stanley Maltzman is a naturalist artist whose affection for working outdoors stems partially from his years in Scouting and from living in the Hudson Valley region so rich in art history and scenery. Living in this environment makes it a natural for Maltzman to draw his inspiration from nature, and the drawings in this book attest to his love of this area and his willingness to share his knowledge with all. Maltzman's drawings have been widely exhibited in museums and galleries around the...

Fence Posts

How Draw Fence Post

Putting up fences is not an easy task, so people want them to last. Two of the most popular woods used are locust and cedar. These woods contain an oily residue, which resists the weather for years. Naturally, there are many variations to these simple posts, which, through time and the elements, have become, to my eyes, pieces of sculpture. The post in the drawing Remnants was sitting alone in a field on an old farm in my hometown. I could not resist the beautiful patina of the wood, the pieces...

Cumulus

Beautiful Drawings Nature

Cumulus clouds are fair-weather clouds. Like stratocumulus clouds, they drift in the lower atmosphere. A distinguishing characteristic is the flat, nearly horizontal, dark base and the cotton-ball top with edges that always seem to be evolving or growing vertically. Cumulus clouds usually appear in the morning and practically dissolve by evening. They offer beautiful shapes to include in your composition. To arrive at this composition, I worked on a piece of white vellum that you could see...

Crosshatching

Draws Hatching And Cross Hatching

Cross-hatching is a technique that uses a series of parallel lines running in different directions. Box A of the illustrations shows the starting process. Note that all the diagonal lines are parallel to each other. Box B shows the addition of vertical lines. Notice that with just the vertical set of lines added, the value has deepened. The lower-right corner is made darker by increasing the pressure at the bottom of some of the strokes. With the addition of more diagonal and horizontal lines,...

Drawing On Toned Paper

Charcoal Drawings Toned Paper Fantasy

Toning your paper or surface before you start your drawing creates a midvalue color as a background, and with just two more values a dark and a light you can compose an interesting and unusual picture. There are many ways to tone paper, such as pastels, watercolors, gouache and acrylics, to name a few. Artists are constantly toning their canvases and overpainting with complementary colors for more interesting color effects. For this demonstration, I'm using acrylic paint in burnt sienna for my...

Decide On A Style

Tree Contour Drawing

Deciding on a style of execution of your drawing will depend on how far you intend to carry the extent of finish of the drawing, and what you are interpreting. Do you intend to make a complete picture touching all four sides Do you want to do an outline or contour drawing of a rock or leaf Or do you wish to create a designed drawing to fit a specific shape like a vignette The drawings on this and the following two pages show two different styles of execution a contour drawing and a vignette. A...

Drawing Tools and Equipment

Sketching And Drawing

Acquiring your drawing equipment can be exciting, and possibly a bit overwhelming. I still get a great deal of joy going into an art store and wandering around to see what's new. I get the same feeling when a new catalog comes in the mail. I find myself going through the whole catalog even though I might only need a few pencils. It is the thrill or anticipation of finding something new to work with that magic pen or brush that somehow always eludes us. As time goes by, you are going to want to...

Light

Drawings Nature

By suggesting the effects of light and shade, the artist can create three-dimensional form on a two-dimensional flat surface. Light defines and can suggest depth, weight, softness and space. Darks tone down as well as express form, texture and strength. Imagine trees without shadows, or a barn without texture, or a forest of trees without the flickering lights of the sun filtering through the leaves. As important as light is, just as important are the shadows, because the shadows explain...

Grass Around Trees

To draw grass around trees, start with an HB graphite pencil. Make the light strokes first to give an overall value of grass. Once the grass is indicated, work with a B graphite to add the darks of the trunks. Work some strokes into the light grass areas, giving them more shape and definition. Also add some random darks to the lighter grass values to create interest. Darken the grass to the left and right of the trees to create the appearance of roots. If you want some richer darks, take a 2B...

Mass Of Trees Without Foliage

Draw Pine Foliage

When you look at a forest, you see big and small trees, wide and thin trees. There are also numerous pine trees and trees that do not shed all their leaves. This means the forest is denser in some areas and thinner in others, providing an environment of various shapes to include in your drawing. A forest without foliage seems to be dozing, but it is very much alive and full of happenings. Start your drawing as indicated by the sketch at the top. This is your guide, your thinking. You do not...

Knotholes

Tree Bark Patterns Drawing

Knotholes appear usually after a tree loses a bough or a limb. The tree grows a collar, which is its way of sealing and healing its wound. In most cases it works, and you can see these beautiful shapes, which always bulge outward. When the wound does not heal, rot and decay will develop, as illustrated in the large center sketch below. This also creates an interesting design for the artist. Look for a definite pattern taking place in the cavity. It is the way the grain of the tree flows The...

Stone Walls

Walls Drawing

Did you ever take a walk in the woods when suddenly you were confronted, in the middle of nowhere, with a stone wall More than likely, long ago, that woods was a farmer's field, and the wall was made from the stones some person accumulated while working that field. When the last glacier retreated, it left a bountiful gift tons of stones that seem to grow out of the ground after each This sketch shows a well-constructed wall. With a water-soluble graphite pencil, first I made an outline sketch...

Drawing The Landscape On Colored Paper

Charcoal Pencil Drawings Trees

Working on colored or toned papers gives you the opportunity to stretch your imagination and creativity. For a winter evening scene like this one at right, for instance, you might think of working on a blue paper. In fact, the blue paper does give a pleasing effect of dusk changing to evening. But why not try another color Quite a few darker colors would be effective for a night scene, as shown in the demonstration below. A piece of blue Fabriano Ingres paper became my midvalue background for a...

Shading Methods

Human Skull Sketch Angular

Your pencils can help you create many varied lines and textures thick or thin lines, hard or soft lines, and any manner of shading. The methods you use to achieve them are called technique. With work and time, these techniques evolve into your own style. Try the following methods of shading with different papers and pencils. The key is to experiment remember that mistakes help us to learn. As seen in the illustration above right , this method starts at the right side with small, circular...

How Paper Affects Drawing

Open Field And Woods Drawing

Paper comes in a great variety of surfaces. Your choice of surface will be an important element in the outcome of your drawing. You should also consider what medium you are going to use pencil or charcoal in conjunction with your choice of paper. A rough surface would accept charcoal more readily than pencil. Charcoal would fill the valleys or tooth of the paper without much trouble. A laid paper gives you an interesting surface of lines running vertically and horizontally it works well with...

Tips on Storing and Framing Your Drawings

Anime Sketches Pencil

Using Acid-Free Storage Materials Matting Your Artwork Cutting the Opening in the Mat How Wide Should Your Mat Be What Is a Backing Board Attaching Your Artwork and Mat to the Board Glazing Moldings Metal Frames Plastic Frames Using the Right Molding for Your Picture Through the years, students have asked what inspired me to paint a certain picture, or what kind of pencil I use for drawing. My answer is, It is a thousand-hour pencil. In other words, the secret is not the pencil it is the work,...

Drawing Nature

Pencil Sketches Barns

With enthusiasm and skill, artist Stanley Maltzman shows you how to turn nature's inspiration into pencil and charcoal drawings that have the expressiveness and power of paintings. You'll learn how to choose your subject wisely, plan your drawing's format and style to express your feelings, and improvise to capture the mood of the moment. You'll find out how to build depth and focus, and how to use specific techniques such as circular shading, angular buildup, cross-hatching and blending....

Techniques For Showing Heavy Snow

Tree Snow Drawing

This is the same tree as in A but with a heavy snow. I proceeded as before with a 2B graphite pencil to sketch in the trunk and limbs, but this time I left more white space to indicate the heavier snow. Notice that I've included snow on the trunk of the tree. When you have a heavy snow, blowing wind produces this kind of buildup. The dark shading was done with a 6B graphite pencil. Drawing D, containing the same elements as drawing B, shows the difference between a light snow and a heavy snow....

Graphite Pencils

Graphite Pencil Drawing Pencils

When we hear the word pencil, we immediately think of a piece of lead encased in wood. Actually, there is no lead in a pencil it contains graphite. On each artist's pencil, you will find a letter and a number 2H, 4H, 6H as high as 9H. The H indicates hard. The higher the number, the harder the graphite, and the lighter the line. Pencils marked B are softer 2B, 4B, etc. The higher the number, the softer the graphite, thus giving a greater range of darks. Other graphite pencils encased in wood,...

Clouds As Center Of Interest

Nature Sketch Background

To create pictures with clouds as your center of interest, use a low horizon. This helps give you maximum display room for your clouds and less distraction if you include a landscape. Clouds that display strong contrast, motion, different patterns and shapes, perspective, or the atmospheric condition of the day will all create a strong center of interest. The challenge here was how to capture the tumultuous storm clouds in all their excitement. There is so much activity with the clouds in...

The Proper Way To Hold A Pencil

Pencil Drawing Outdoors

The way you hold your pencil or any drawing tool will affect the outcome of your work. Holding it as you would if you were writing see photo at top is good for detailed or controlled work, as you are primarily moving only your fingers and wrist. On the other hand, when sketching and drawing outdoors, you'll want more freedom. Try to move not only your wrist, but the whole arm, giving the mobility and the sweep needed for working on large sheets of paper. The bottom photo shows how to hold your...

Carpenters Pencil

How Pencil Draw Mountain

The carpenter's pencil is another wonderful sketching tool to use in conjunction with the regular pencils. As seen in these sketches, values are indicated with simple, broad strokes. Add darks by pressing the lead harder. I added a Der-went carpenter's pencil 4B to the second sketch far right for additional blacks. For drawings with heavy foliage, such as the one below, use the same technique with more modeling. To make the finer lines, hold the pencil sideways, using the edge of the lead.

Thumbnails

Cartoon Pictures Cattails

Thumbnails are a wonderful way to get your creative energies charged up. This is the time to work out your picture now, before you start the finished drawing. Your key thought should be to simplify. Remember, you are only looking for ideas. Don't get involved with details at this stage, and keep your thumbnails small postcard-sized or smaller. Build your composition by including interesting shapes, determining your values, and deciding on your center of interest. Do you want a low horizon or a...

Seeing Values

Creative Value Scales Drawing

Values play a dominant role in the harmony and design of your composition. A large, dark area in the foreground can be balanced by a properly placed, small, dark area in the distance. Value contrasts can create your center of interest simply by having a light area surrounded by a dark area, or vice versa. Seeing values correctly will help you to interpret the atmosphere and the colors of nature the greens and blues, etc. into black, grays and white in order to render a believable drawing in...

Blending With Stomps And Tortillions

Nature Drawing With Charcoal

These cigar-shaped blending tools are great to work with. I have salvaged quite a few drawings with their help. The drawings on these two pages demonstrate some of the numerous ways to work with stomps and tortillions. The drawing at top was executed mostly with a chamois stomp. I put some charcoal powder on a separate piece of paper I save the powder from charcoal pencil sharpenings , then rolled part of the point of the stomp in the powder, and rubbed it lightly on a piece of scrap paper so...

Stratocumulus

Drawings Stratocumulus

Stratocumulus clouds cruise in the lower atmosphere. These globular masses or rolls of clouds are layered one over the other. They resemble chunks of soft cotton but are gray with dark bottoms. The clouds may be arranged in groups, lines or wave-like masses the layers may be thick or thin. A thick layer will be made up of rolls of large, dark clouds or rounded masses that resemble waves. After trying numerous thumbnails, this is the composition that I developed. I used a 6B pencil for the cloud...

Foreground Middle Ground Background

Sketches Background And Foreground

In the previous pages, we have discussed seeing values and translating values from nature to your drawing. Now I would like to introduce you to the three Gs foreground, middle ground and background. Most landscapes have all of these in their composition, and they may vary in any imaginable combination. In the examples below, the hay bales and grass are the foreground, the trees and mountain are the middle ground, and the sky is the background. Look them over and see if you can pick out the...

Birches

Pencil Shedding Trees

Birches, to me, have always seemed to be the elegant ladies of the forest. When depicting birch trees, keep that in mind and use a light hand, especially with silver or paper birch trees. The paper birch, sometimes called the canoe birch, grows much heavier than the silver birch and always seems to be shedding its bark. The bark is very durable You might find a birch with the insides completely rotted out and the bark in perfect shape. Another feature that appeals to artists is the black spots,...

Barns Grass Rocks and Water

Pencil Drawings Barns

At one time or another, you will wish to include other elements such as barns, grass, rocks or water in your landscape drawings. It's not enough just to have them in your picture, but careful consideration should be given to whether one will be the center of interest or a supporting character. Therefore, a knowledge of their construction and characteristics is important for drawing successful landscapes. Of the many things on the endangered species list, barns must be near the top. The next...

Drawing A Tree Without Foliage

Skinny Ballerina Drawing

Walking in a woods or forest during late fall and winter is a treat because it allows you to study the trees without their foliage. It is like being in a life drawing class all these wonderful shapes just waiting for your sketchbook. Start by noticing the overall shape, both up close and from a distance. Notice how branches grow from the trunk and how they taper and get thinner toward the ends. Each new growth is in unison unless it has been disturbed by any number of elements. Each tree is a...

Boughs Limbs And Foreshortening

Foreshortening Tutorial

As a tree grows, it sends out boughs, branches and smaller growth that diminish in width as they grow. Therefore, when you sketch a bough coming from a trunk, remember not to make it the same thickness as the trunk. The same principle applies to branches from boughs and to smaller growth, like twigs, from branches. In the bottom drawing, you see a branch that appears to grow from the tree toward you. This is called foreshortening. You can create the illusion of foreshortening by making the...

Drawing Rocks In Water

Drawing rocks in still or calm water gives you the opportunity to practice composing a picture that tells a story with values and shapes and a minimum of detail. These two drawings are good examples of how to say more with less. The charcoal drawing on the right was started and finished with one pencil, a 4B charcoal pencil, on a piece of folio paper. This paper has a distinct texture, which helped me achieve the feeling of rippling water I wanted to portray. I wanted to capture the time of day...

Papers

Easy Charcoal Sketches Human Body

I once read about an artist who, before starting to work, would find himself running his hand over the sheet of paper in a sort of caress, marveling at the beauty of this piece of paper. At first I thought it was the author embellishing the story, but one day, sitting out in the field about to start a drawing, I found myself running my hand over the surface of my paper. Now I am not saying you should run your hand over every piece of paper you are about to work on. What I am saying is that you...

Simple Perspective

One Point Perspective Open Box

Using perspective in landscape drawing can be perplexing and challenging, but perspective is one of those important elements of picture-making that makes your picture believable. Here, we will talk about simple one- and two-point perspective. Where your eye meets the horizon is called the eye level or horizon line. That imaginary line is a straight, horizontal line. The horizon line will naturally change as you lower or elevate your viewpoint. If you elevate your view point, you will be looking...