Example 161, fig. 163.

Example 162, fig. 164, is a transverse section of a fireproof vaulted, warehouse, where a, a are the retaining walls, a strong iron tie passing

g through both, and secured by a screw, bolt, and nut. The arches m, m ire described from their Centres g, g on the lines A, A, springing from the pillars c, d; the arch n is described from centre f.

fig. 164.

Example 163, fig. 165, is a transverse section of a fireproof cottage.

In our work in the present series, the Illustrated London Drawing-Booh, we have given directions for delineating architectural subjects perspec-tively. We now present a few additional examples, which will serve as copies with which the pupil may still further exercise himself in architectural drawing ; premising that in this department he is supposed to have the advantage of a knowledge of the rules by whiSh objects are put in pep« spective, and a facility in copying such subjects as depend chiefly on the eye and the accuracy of its perspective, aided by a readiness of hand in pencilling. These desiderata are indispensable before the pupil can copy the examples which we are now to present to his notice ; for assistance as to the readiest nieans of attaining them we beg to refer the pupil to the above work.

Example 164, fig. 166, is the perspective drawing of a public asylum, in the Italian style, with a campanile tower»

Example 165, fig. 167, is a perspective sketch of the interior of a carved apartment, in the Italian style.

We now present a few examples of churches perspectively delineated ; the first of these,

Example 166, fig. 168, is a perspective drawing of a church in the Early-English style.

fig. 169.

Example 167, fig. 169, which is in the Early-Decorated or Pure Geometrical style. The peculiarities of the various styles of Gothic architecture will be seen by an inspection of figs. 118, &c.

Example 168, fig. 170, is in the Transitional from Decorated to Perpendicular.

Example 169, fig. 171, is in the Middle or Second Pointed period.

Example 170, fig. 172, is in the Early-Decorated style,

96 illustrated london architectural,

Example 171, fig. 173, is in the Early-English style.

Example 172, fig. 174, represents in perspective the interior of part of a church (the nave) in the Norman style. This is considered to be a fine specimen of the architecture of the period.

fig. 174.

Example 173, fig. 175, represents the interior of the Lady chapel in Tynexnouth Priory church ; the architectural features of which belong somewhat both to the Decorated and Perpendicular styles«

We now proceed to give a few illustrations of architectural ornament ; the drawings of which are nearly in all the instances produced by hand.

only here and there aided by the drawing-board and instruments, A knowledge of pencil-sketching is therefore necessary for these examples.

Example 174, fig. 176, is the elevation and end view of a pierced parapet in the Elizabethan style.

Example 175, fig. 177, is a side elevation of panelling, in the same style as the last figure.

Example 176, fig. 178, is another example of a pierced parapet, in the same style as in fig. 177.

Example 177, fig. 179, is the front elevation of a key-stone, , Example 178, fig, 180, is another example of raised panel, in the~same style as fig. 177. . _

Example 181* fig. 183, is part of an ornamented frieze for the Ionic column.

Example 182, fig. 184, is an ornament sometimes used in filling up the space called 4 metopes' in the Doric order.

Example 179, fig. 181, is a design for a Gothic paneL .Example 180, fig. 182, is the Grecian, ornament known as the 1 honeysuckle/

fig. 185.

Example 184, fig. 186, is the elevation of a sculptured pilaster forming part of a chimney-jamb. .. .

Example 183, fig. 185, is a design for a frieze and cornice.

Example. 185, fig. 187, is a form of ornament sometimes used in place of balustrades.

Example 186, fig. 188, is an example of bracket, of which, the side view is given in

Example 187, fig. 189.

Example 188, fig. 190, is a perspective view of a Grecian' scroll-truss.*

Example 189, fig. 191, is an elevation of an Elizabethan scroll-truss.

Example 190, fig. 192, is an exemplification of the ornament called the 1 fret* Another form is given in

Example 191, fig. 193.

Example 192, fig. 194, is an exemplification of the ornament termed the ' guilloche.' Another example is given in

Example 193, fig. 195.

In the work on Practical Geometry we have given examples of outlines of vases, with the methods of describing their curves. We now present . a few specimens sculptured.

Example 194, fig. 196. And another example in Example 195, fig. 197.

Example 196, fig. 198, id on example of' vase and pedestal.'

Examplé 197, fig. 199. Design for a Gothic monument.

fig. 199.

Example 198, fig. 200. A design for a fountain. Example 199, fig. 201, is the elevation of a stained window in the geometrical style.

We now, as concluding this department of our treatise, proceed to give a. series of designs exemplifying fry inspection the peculiarities of the various periods of architecture.

Example 200, fig. 202, is an elevation of a Norman window.


Example 201, fig. 203, is the Early-English (or Lancet). This style

succeeded the. Norman, and was followed by the Decorated, the tracery of which was distinguished by geometrical lines, as in

Example 202, fig. 204; and in the later instances by flowing lines, termed curvilinear, as in

Example 203, fig. 205. The Perpendicular is derived from the Deco-

rated ; its distinguishing feature is the perpendicular lines of thé tracery* as seen in ExampIr 204, fig. 206.

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