Linear Drawing

The Colored Pencil Course

Ebook On Drawing Pencil Portraits

Get Instant Access

Drawing with pen and ink

Ink applied with a pen is a popular drawing medium. The ink comes in a range of colours just as the steel nibs come in a variety of thicknesses. It is best to use smooth cartridge paper so that the nib does not become stuck in the fibres.

1> If you are unsure of drawing directly in pen and ink, start off with a light pencil sketch. This will allow you to make sure your proportions are correct and that you are happy with the composition. It will also train you to be observant.

Guitar and Chair

This simple composition lends itself to an interesting interplay of straight and curved lines. The rigid form of the chair, drawn with vertical and horizontal lines, serves to accentuate the curvaceous outlines of the guitar. The overall effect is a pleasing balance of strong form and pure line.

You need a steady hand

2 a Define the shape of the chair with clean straight lines and in contrast draw the contours of the guitar with gently curved lines. You may have to apply more pressure to the nib when drawing curved lines to allow the ink to flow easily.

You need a steady hand

Musical Guitar Still Life Drawing

6B penal

The chair is made to appear more solid by thickening the lines on the edge of the legs.

The volume and three-dimensional aspect of this still life is achieved by applying a variety of thin and thick lines.

3 a. When you have drawn the outlines of both objects, add in the finer details, such as the seat of the chair and the guitar strings. Suggest the texture of the rush matting by using light and dark strokes.

Materials

6B penal

The chair is made to appear more solid by thickening the lines on the edge of the legs.

The volume and three-dimensional aspect of this still life is achieved by applying a variety of thin and thick lines.

Dip pen

Dip pen

Porm 8g Modelling

Fiorm is a term that is used to describe the visual appearance and shape of something. In a drawing, form can be represented with line and as a series of tones (a range of values from light to dark) known as modelling. Modelling indicates the solidity and three-dimensional quality of a form, which is often enhanced or accentuated by light hitting the form and creating shadows. There are several different techniques to use for modelling, depending on which type of media you choose. Each medium gives a characteristic set of marks, but materials which cover the paper easily, such as pastels and watercolour, are good for large areas of shading, while coloured pencils, which cannot be blended, are best used for feathering or cross-hatching.

Solid shading

This sketch of a woman's back has been modelled into a three-dimensional form by lightly shading solid areas of tone with a pencil. The weighted contour lines also emphasize the volume of the figure. A less linear way of applying tone, this type of shading can be most sensitive and subtle.

Describing form

Although the appearance and solidity of a subject can be suggested by drawing purely with line, a more substantial representation of its form can be achieved with modelling. Look for different textures and any deep tones before you start to draw so that you choose materials and techniques which best depict the smooth curves of a woman's back, for example, or a crumpled piece of material.

Stippling

Solid shading

Stippling

Cross-hatching

Solid shading

Mark-making

There are several ways to shade an image to create a sense of solidity. Hatching, cross-hatching, and feathering are variations of a series of parallel lines drawn close to one another. Stippling is a technique whereby dots rather than lines form an image. Sgraffito, meaning scratched, can be similar to hatching.

Hatching

Hatching

Sgraffito

Bracelet shading

Sgraffito

Bracelet shading

Feathering

Cross-hatching

Cross-hatching is a form of hatching, combining two or more sets of parallel lines that cross each other at an angle. They can be used to create a sense of form or, when using two or more colours, to produce secondary colours as the strokes intersect and mix optically.

The cross-hatching on this leg gives it a much stronger sense of form and solidity than the outline of the other leg.

Was this article helpful?

0 0
Pencil Drawing Beginners Guide

Pencil Drawing Beginners Guide

Easy Step-By-Step Lessons How Would You Like To Teach Yourself Some Of The Powerful Basic Techniques Of Pencil Drawing With Our Step-by-Step Tutorial. Learn the ABC of Pencil Drawing From the Experts.

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment