Key Concepts

Drawing Closer Life

This illustration shows that the increase of opinion based on knowledge brings us closer to the truth and f ur-ther f rom dishonesty. You need to gain knowledge to comprehend what to have an opinion about and to obtain the capacity to actualize the opinions you possess upon the page. In this way, your opinion will bring you closer to the model's reality. Every line should have an opinion. Two ways of clarifying your opinions are through exaggeration and analogy. Making analogies helps you form...

Recommended Reading

Bean Cornwell, The Dean of Illustrators The Art of Hellboy or ony of Mike Mignolo's comics George Bridgeman's Complete Guide to Drawing from Life Charles Dana Gi bson's The Gibson Girl and Her America Elliot Goldfinger's Human Anatomy for Artists Joe Weotherly's The Weatherly Guide to Drawing Animals ((S Cartooning the Head and Figure (( S ii

Chapter Three Forceful Shape

John Ruggieri ond later Jack Potter, both of whom were instructors at the School of Visual Arts, helped me recognize shapes in life. This made me curious about their expressiveness and efficiency. It is exciting to see the world in shapes. Everything has shape. Let's make believe that we are looking through filters when drawing. In Chapter One, the filter we peered through was force and its different aspects. Chapter Two's filter was form and some pictorial tricks that gave us space. This...

Preface

This book will enlighten you on how to see and explore the power of force through drawing. You will draw with thought and opinions that will strengthen your originality and decisiveness. This will also develop your awareness of the stories our bodies communicate, through the actions we perform. The theory of force allows you to see in more abstract terms. Because of this, you can apply it to an unlimited amount of applications. It can be used for drawing, painting, sculpting, animation,...

The function and form of fabric

Virtual Pose

Everything we hove learned so far has prepared us for the next step drawing the model clothed. The first thing to remember when drawing the clothed figure is that you are drawing a clothed figure. You must understand a figure's actions and anatomy before you can tackle the issue of clothes. Fabric now takes on the f orces and form of the person wearing it, thus making it clothing. Clothes hang on us, usually f rom the shoulders and the waist. Paying attention to the moments f rom which clothes...

Tell stories with life

Art teaches nothing except the significance of life. Henry Miller After going over drawing clothes, the next step is going outside with everything we've learned. Drawing on location, or reportage, can be the most adventurous drawing experience. Here you have the chance to report, as a visual journalist, about the world around you. See the stories of everyday life. People watch. I find that if I write about what I experience, it helps me see the wonder of it all. This way I'm not just drawing...

Overlap and Tangents

Forshortened Figure Drawing Reference

Let's address some visual rules of space. The first visual rule is overlap. See how it is that shape 1. is closest to us and 11 is furthest away. This is all done with overlap. Overlap occurs when one line stops as it touches another. This makes it appear as though it has gone behind it. The circles in the bottom left corner also give us this depth effect. I have heard some instructors call this the T rule because of the intersection creating a T. At Disney they made a huge fuss about tangents,...

Comparative anatomy

List One Hoofed Animals

Drawing animals on location can be more challenging than drawing people on location. The first reason is that it is harder to relate to them. They move faster and obviously in a different manner than us. How different Not os dif ferent as you may think. The way I wos taught to understand animals was to compare them to us, bring them into our world. The first step in accomplishing this is in comparing our anatomies. Once you can relate an animars anatomy to your own, you will understand their...

Hierarchy

Hierarchy Drawings

The shape of a pyramid gives us an icon of hierarchy or an order of importance. I draw and think with the most important or core idea first details come last. The pyramid is the human body and the story its posture implies. The top of this pyramid shows the number one. This portrays your first representation of the model. This will be the main idea, or force, of what the model is doing. For instance, standing straight, bending over, seated, etc. Think from large to small. You always want to go...

Anatomy as Shape

Human Body Anatomy Draw

Forceful shapes can get more specific. I want to discuss some powerful theories about the anatomy of the body that pertain to force and rhythm as seen by forceful shape. The body, as I said earlier, is built to move. Its musculature is set up in traverse angles from one area in the figure to another. These relationships allow it to perform. If you work out or you are a physical therapist, you know exactly what I am talking about. The biceps are opposite in f unction to the triceps. The biceps...

Reaction the leap of faith

Extreme Poses Life Drawing

A great deal of drawing is academic, but what finally gives it power is your reaction to the reality in front of you. This reaction is pure opinion relying on academic knowledge. Reacting means you don't have time to copy. You go after full concept and feeling. The more you learn how to draw, the clearer and more powerful your reactions to the figure will be. It is time to have faith in your abilities. Put yourself out on the line, take the leap of faith, and fearlessly enjoy your experience...

Primates

Drapery Life Drawing

The Bronx Zoo has a brand new exhibit called The Congo. The design of the exhibit allows you to get within inches of exotic and interesting creatures from that region of the world. Primates are the focal point of the exhibit. Watching primates is fascinating because of their similarity to us. It is easier to relate to and understand them because of this. Look at their body language and facial expressions. The drawings around the perimeter are the most fun for me. I enjoy seeing the shapes of...

The bos and bonis of Forceful Shape

Since we hove gone over what kinds of lines create force and form, let's discuss what kinds of shapes do and don't. Notice their similarity to the rules of force from Chapter One. 1. Don't create a shape with parallel lines. Force has no way of moving obliquely through the body. As we will discuss further, human anatomy is not built in a parallel manner. 2. Don't have the same kind of force on either side of the same shape. I call this mirroring. Here the forces crash after doing their...

Inner thoughts outer reaction

Human Posture Drawing

Let's stort with drawings of people thinking to themselves and trying to capture those thoughts. Here there is no outside stimulus. Here is o typical moment captured by Mike. The upward lift of this woman's head makes it seem os though she is in casual thought. This woman is deep in thought her burning cigarette shows us the progression of time. Above ore dif ferent people in dif ferent situations, all going about their lives. Here is on observation about the train. Since I have been commuting...

Silhouette

Drawings Made Only Straight Lines

Again, let's enjoy shape in a hierarchical manner. The biggest, most encompassing shape is the silhouette. The silhouette is the f illed-in shape created by the outline of the entire object. It is a vital element to animated drawing. A silhouette helps us see the whole body clearly, without any interruption. You can see if the story of a pose is clear t its silhouette. It allows you to see how all parts relate to each other on a flat plane. Here it is the size of shapes that gives us depth. As...

Simplistic Seals

Seals Drawing

In going to the zoo, I suggest storting with simple animals first. Seals and sea lions are a great place to warm up. Their simple anatomy allows you to focus on their streamline, oquatic-designed bodies. Their simplicity allows you to focus on shape with force and form. Here you are not weighed down with the complex anatomies and odd shapes that other animals may have. Try to find the unique qualities of each animal, even within their own families. Look for their specific personalities and what...

The texture of line revealed

Disney Drawing Fabric

Drawing fabric is a great way to experience line's ability to express texture. Most fabric feels different from skin and bone. This gives us a great controst to experience. Fabric has no form it is like paper, thin and flat, without energy. When something is done to it, it takes on different properties. Say we crumpled it. Then it would sit as a wrinkled mass with no function except that of the material itself, weighed down the force of gravity. There is much information that can be collected...

The roller coaster of rhythm

Freddie Moore Loop Rhythm

The rood of rhythm is o more flot, two-dimensional, left to right approach to comprehending the fluid-like balance in the body. It is the beginning of something greater. The roller coaster analogy uses the body's mosses to recognize how force moves in a three-dimensional manner through and around the figure and in and out of the page. I tell students to imagine the model's platform as the amusement park and the model as the roller coaster. Your first task is to get your mind's eye into the...

Draw Animal Limbs

Sketch Geometric Shapes Body

These three examples show you how the three main categories of mammals' hands work relative to ours. Humans are plantigrades. We plant our whole foot down on the ground. Digigrade animals walk on the ball of their feet and hands. In the unguligrade example, the joint above the hoof is like our knuckles. These animals walk on the tips of their toes. The foot hos the same changes in it as the hand does amongst the three examples. Look at the change in the hoofed animal versus the humans and dogs....

Supplies

Anime Movement Drawings

I have students in my classes draw on 18 X 24 smooth newsprint. Strathmore and Aquabee both make excellent paper. Students draw with black china marker. I don't want drawing class to be about fancy mediums. Everyone uses the same supplies. So, what is it that creates life Energy Energy with purpose, or force, is what we want to recognize in the world around us. I am going to lead you on a force full journey that will change the way you perceive the world you live in. This new perception will...

Perspective The strength of angles

One Point Perspective Drawing

The first topic we'll cover is perspective. Perspective is not difficult, it just takes some time to understand what you are seeing and know that you are capable of representing depth on the page. This happens after understanding the traditional ways of drawing it. I learned perspective in junior high first, then from How to Draw Comics the Marvel Way, and then, most importantly, from the four years of architecture I studied in high school. The cube or box is the beginning of understanding...

The road of rhythm

Roller Coaster Blueprints

A rhythm is the beautiful interplay of different energies in the body that helps it stay in balance, or creates equilibrium. Rhythm exists in all living things. Your understanding of rhythm will help you create living drawings. Gravity is the reason we have rhythmic balance in our bodies. Our anatomy is not linear but asymmetrical in its musculature. This allows us motion against the force of gravity and equalization when standing still. Understanding this will help you draw a living, grounded,...

Bigigrade

Black Rhino Drawing

Here you con see that the shape of the lion was my approach. I love the size of his mane and head. With digi-grade and unguligrade mammals, I make quick straight-line references of the legs for their angles. The seated lion is also shape-based with force and form in mind. I like the subtle hard moment captured in his right shoulder. The smaller drawing has force, form, and shape. This has to be one of my favorite animals in the zoo. The black rhino is so powerful and beautiful. I loved watching...

Four point perspective

Open Hands Drawing

So here it is, four-point perspective in all its glory. It reminds me of looking out o window in New York City. If you were at the height of obout the thirteenth f loor and the buildings around you were thirty f loors, this is what you would see. We have squeezed depth on both the vertical and horizontal planes with each having two points of convergence. This is the world of perspective we live in. The closer something gets to your eye, the more of a fisheye lens effect you will see. The center...

Plantigrade

Panda Drawing

Here ore some observations of black bears I saw in the Bronx zoo. In the top drawing, I like the connectivity of the bear's belly to his right rear leg. The perspective the bear is in shows us his form wrapped around the previous idea. On the bottom, we see him making his way down a rockface. As I mentioned earlier in this chapter, you can see the divisions of the bear's body to help see shapes. You must make sure they all operate together in the end. Here lies a polar bear on a hot August...