Shoulder Proportion

start over. Keep your drawings flat. Keep untouched areas scrupulously clean with a kneaded eraser.

5. Too many mediums in same picture.

Make your subject in one medium. Do not combine wax .crayons with pencil, or pastel with something else. Make it all pencil, all crayon, all pastel, all water color, or all pen and ink. It gives a certain consistency. Later on you may combine different mediums effectively but do not start that way.

6. The tendency to use tinted papers.

A black and white drawing looks better on white paper than anything else. If you have to use tinted paper, then work in a color that is harmonious. For instance a brown or red contc crayon on a tan or cream paper.

It is better to put your color on white for clarity.

7. Copies of movie stars.

This gets intensely monotonous to anyone inspecting a beginner's work. The heads are usually badly lighted from a drawing standpoint. Take a head that is not well known.

5' WORK

8. Bad arrangement.

If you are doing a vignetted head, plan interesting and attractive shapes. Don't run over to the edge of the paper unless whole space is to be squared off.

9. Highlights in chalk.

It takes a very skillful artist to do this successfully.

10. Uninteresting subjects.

just a costume does not make a picture. Every picture should have some interest if possible other than a technical demonstration. Heads should portray character, or expression. Other subjects should have mood or action or sentiment to make it interesting.

Water color is perhaps the most tricky medi-um of all. Yet most beginners take to it. Water color to be effective should be broad in treatment, with large loose washes, and not too finicky. If you find yourself stippling and pecking you can be pretty sure it will not be liked.

Water color should have a feeling of the "accidental" or color that has done something of its own and dried that way. Lovely effects are obtained by dampening an area first and then flowing the color into the wet area. Use a real water color paper or board, for it can get very messy on a soft and very absorbent paper. The less you have to go over what you have once put down, the l>ctter. Generally water-colorists prefer not to leave a lot of pencil, especially dark or shaded pencil showing through. Some water-colorists work by washing in a general tone, •scrubbing out the lights with a soft sponge or brush, and washing in the halftones and darks over the original tone. If you are unable to handle water color in any other way than by pecking in little strokes, 1 would suggest you try pastel which can be spread and rubbed at will. Oil paint has the advantage that it stays wet long enough to maneuver the color as you wish.

Human Head And Shoulder Drawings

Shoulders

Croicjy

But foc K5

Bottom op Knees'

Lower are.

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