Contents Including Illustrations

AN OPENING CHAT 15

I. TIIE APPROACH TO FIGURE DRAWING 21

Observe Your Surroundings 22

The Nude as a Basis 23

What Is Line? 24

Beginners' Work 25

illustrations

Ideal Proportion, Male 26

Ideal Proportion, Female 27

Various Standards of Proportion 28

Ideal Proportions at Various Ages 29

The Flat Diagram 30

The Flat Diagram 31

Quick Set-up of Proportions 32

Proportions by Arcs and Head Units 33

Proportion in Relation to the Horizon 34

The John and Mary Problems 35

Finding Proportion at Any Spot in Your Picture 36

"Hanging" Figures on the Horizon 37

We Begin to Draio: First the Mannikin Frame 38

Movement in the Mannikin Frame 39

Details of the Mannikin Frame 40

Experimenting with the Mannikin Frame 41

Outlines in Relation to Solid Form 42

The Mannikin Figure 43

illustrations

Adding Bulk to the Frame 44

Adding Perspective to the Solid Mannikin 45

Arcs of Movement in Perspective 46

Placing the Mannikin at Any Spot or Level ' 47

Druwing the Mannikin from Any Viewpoint 48

Combining Arcs of Movement with the Box 49

Landmarks You Should Know 50

Landmarks You Should Know 51

Sketching the Figure in Action from Imagination 52

Draw Some of These, But Draw Many of Your Own 53

The Female Mannikin 54

Sketches 55

The Male and Female Skeletons 56

TI. THE BONES AND MUSCLES 57

Requirements of Successful Figure Drawing 58

illustrations

Important Bones 59

Muscles on the Front of the Figure 60

Muscles on the Back of the Figure 61

Muscles of the Arm, Front View 62

Muscles of the Arm, Varied Views 63

Muscles of the Leg, Front View 64

Muscles of the Leg, Back and Side View 65

Now Just Play with What You Have Learned 66

Try Building Figures without Model or Copy 67

III. BLOCK FORMS, PLANES, FORESHORTENING, AND LIGHTING 68

Foreshortening and Lighting 69

illustrations

Block Forms llelj) to Develop Your Sense of Bulk 70

Feel Free to Invent Your Own Blocks 71

How To Use an Art-Store Wooden Mannikin 72

Quick Sketches from the Wooden Mannikin 73

Foreshortening 74

Some Pen Sketches for boreshortening 75

Planes 76

Planes 77

Lighting 78

Lighting 79

Simple Lighting on the Figure 80

True Modeling of Rounded. Form 8 i

IV. DRAWING THE LIVE FIGURE: METHODS OF PROCEDURE 82

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