Four Views of Head in Rotation
When you have mastered the procedure, try it on a series of heads showing various turns to left and right. In all views, note how each measure A-B equals measure C-D.
Slight Turn to Left
Greater Turn to Left
Let us, for the sake of argument, raise an important question: Is the foregoing method reliable for any stage in the rotation of the head? It is. Here is the proof. Suppose that we wish to give the head its greatest possible rotation, from a front view to a full side view. First, we draw the front ovoid shape and divide it, as before, in halves. We then take the measure A-B (half the width of the front view head) and transpose it to C-D, which 'completes the cranial mass. Finally, we sketch in the full profile. Our method gives us a good side view head. But is it proportionally correct? Recall Chapter 1, in which we demonstrated that the side view head divides vertically into three equal parts. Measure the above head: A-B, B-C, and C-D are exactly equal.
Slight Turn to Right
Very Great Turn to Right
In drawing the many possible views of the rotating head, two problems impede our attempts to achieve sound proportions. These are the placement of the side plane (A-B) and jaw line (C-D). The side plane, which begins at the corner of the brow, changes with every turn of the head. But the jaw line tends to remain unchanged regardless of the rotation!
The side plane of the face begins decisively at the brow point, just above the outside corner of the eye. Here the front and side planes meet, then fall obliquely inward to the cheek bone, mouth edge, and chin. The line of the side plane lies on a steep 15 degree drop from brow to chin.
rotation of side plane
Hard-cornered as the brow point is, the line (A-B) on which it lies is quite circular, going around the middle of the head. This curvature means that when the head turns, the side plane of the head (C-D) rotates in the same proportion as the center line (E-F).
placement of side plane
To locate the side plane for any given turn of the head, follow this simple procedure:
placement of side plane
To locate the side plane for any given turn of the head, follow this simple procedure:
Step 1: Draw a front view-head and put in the vertical (A-B) and horizontal (C-D) axes. These axes meet at the center point of the face (E). On the brow line (horizontal axis C-D) indicate the two brow points (F and G).
Step 2: If we give the head a turn to the right, the center point of the face will move from E to H. A new center line (A-H-B) is established. F shows where the left brow point appeared on the front view, step 1. Note the new location of the right brow point
Was this article helpful?
Easy Step-By-Step Lessons How Would You Like To Teach Yourself Some Of The Powerful Basic Techniques Of Pencil Drawing With Our Step-by-Step Tutorial. Learn the ABC of Pencil Drawing From the Experts.