B

Four Views of Head in Rotation

When you have mastered the procedure, try it on a series of heads showing various turns to left and right. In all views, note how each measure A-B equals measure C-D.

Slight Turn to Left

Greater Turn to Left

### Proof of Method

Let us, for the sake of argument, raise an important question: Is the foregoing method reliable for any stage in the rotation of the head? It is. Here is the proof. Suppose that we wish to give the head its greatest possible rotation, from a front view to a full side view. First, we draw the front ovoid shape and divide it, as before, in halves. We then take the measure A-B (half the width of the front view head) and transpose it to C-D, which 'completes the cranial mass. Finally, we sketch in the full profile. Our method gives us a good side view head. But is it proportionally correct? Recall Chapter 1, in which we demonstrated that the side view head divides vertically into three equal parts. Measure the above head: A-B, B-C, and C-D are exactly equal.

Slight Turn to Right

Very Great Turn to Right

### POSITIONING SIDE PLANE AND JAW LINE

In drawing the many possible views of the rotating head, two problems impede our attempts to achieve sound proportions. These are the placement of the side plane (A-B) and jaw line (C-D). The side plane, which begins at the corner of the brow, changes with every turn of the head. But the jaw line tends to remain unchanged regardless of the rotation!

The side plane of the face begins decisively at the brow point, just above the outside corner of the eye. Here the front and side planes meet, then fall obliquely inward to the cheek bone, mouth edge, and chin. The line of the side plane lies on a steep 15 degree drop from brow to chin.

rotation of side plane

Hard-cornered as the brow point is, the line (A-B) on which it lies is quite circular, going around the middle of the head. This curvature means that when the head turns, the side plane of the head (C-D) rotates in the same proportion as the center line (E-F).

placement of side plane

To locate the side plane for any given turn of the head, follow this simple procedure:

placement of side plane

To locate the side plane for any given turn of the head, follow this simple procedure:

Step 1: Draw a front view-head and put in the vertical (A-B) and horizontal (C-D) axes. These axes meet at the center point of the face (E). On the brow line (horizontal axis C-D) indicate the two brow points (F and G).

Step 2: If we give the head a turn to the right, the center point of the face will move from E to H. A new center line (A-H-B) is established. F shows where the left brow point appeared on the front view, step 1. Note the new location of the right brow point

+2 -1

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### Responses

• esmeralda baggins
How to drawing human head step by step?
8 years ago
• brunilde
How to draw a human head front view?
8 years ago
• Baldassarre
How to draw full sketch of human?
8 years ago
• anna bellucci
How to draw human heads step by step?
8 years ago
• melissa
How to draw faces step by step pictures?
8 years ago
• FRIDA MARCELO
How to draw a head front and side?
8 years ago
• amanuel
How to draw realistic human parts?
8 years ago
• semhar samuel
How to sketch a realistic human face step by step?
8 years ago
• lena
How to draw sketches of faces step by step?
8 years ago
• Louise
How to draw the planes of human head?
8 years ago
• amina
How to drow face and body?
7 years ago
• tranquilla
How to draw human head loomis?
7 years ago
7 years ago
• Penelope Toscano
How to draw side face drawing?
4 years ago
• filmon
How to drawside faced human?
4 years ago
• Cora
Where is the corner of human head?
4 years ago
• Temesgen
How to draw human side face sketch?
4 years ago
• mike
How to draw someone turning their head left?
3 years ago
• bibiana
How to draw head joshua nava?
3 years ago
• Senay
How to graph Drawing to pencil of human stills face?
3 years ago
• nerea zetticci
How to measure faces when drawing?
3 years ago
• herbert rapp
How to measure human face during drawing?
3 years ago
• marzio
How to draw a human body head?
2 years ago
• saverio
How to draw and calculate the up tilt of the head front view?
2 years ago
• verdiana
How to draw up tilt of the head front view with loomis method?
2 years ago
How to draw real human face?
2 years ago
• luisella
What kind of head is ovoid on humans?
2 years ago
• costanzo
How to draw slight side view face?
1 year ago
• Sarah Eisenhower