Form Structures Of The Head

The form structures are the hard, bony, skeletal parts of the head or body. Or they are the tensile, firm, cartilaginous parts. These are the rigid framework or support structures of the body, upon which all the soft, limber, or supple tissues depend. Having established the basic form of the two great masses, we will look more closely at the form structures which give the brain case and the facial region their special qualities. We shall see how the upper mass becomes a skull and how the lower...

The Human Skull Drawings Muscles

Human Head Illustration

The ear is shell-shaped in form and general structure. Its outer contour is formed like a C, wider at the top and narrower at the base. In the center, it has a bowl-like depression, the concha, large enough to admit the curve of the thumb. The ear has four major forms the wide, outer encircling rim helix the smaller inside rim antihelix , which encloses the depressed bowl the lower fleshy base lobule the firm projection tragus which overhangs the opening to the ear canal. The inner rim...

Drawing The Human Head

Photo Heads

When you have mastered the procedure, try it on a series of heads showing various turns to left and right. In all views, note how each measure A-B equals measure C-D. Let us, for the sake of argument, raise an important question Is the foregoing method reliable for any stage in the rotation of the head It is. Here is the proof. Suppose that we wish to give the head its greatest possible rotation, from a front view to a full side view. First, we draw the front ovoid shape and divide it, as...

Girls Cartoon Lips Side View

Dental Tubercles

The substructure of the mouth is formed by the two great dental arches of the teeth the upper maxillary arch and the lower mandibular arch. Set together, both arches support the curving mouth barrel. From the base of the nose, the mouth bulge drops two thirds the distance from nose to chin. The outermost points of the dental curve align with the centers of the eye sockets. Overlying the arches of the upper and lower jaws is the broad, circular mouth muscle orbicularis oris , with its...

Proportions and Measurements

Human Nose Drawing

The middle of the brow ridge, at its base, is the depressed bridge of the nose. This is the exact midpoint of the head. Here, at the midway line, the head is five eye-lengths wide. The brow ridge itself is four eye-lengths wide. Centrally located in the facial mass, the tapered wedge of the nose descends to a point midway between the bridge of the nose and the base of the chin. The width of the nose at its base is equal to the width of the eye. Distances from bridge to Base of nose is one eye...

Anatomy Major Muscle Masses

Anatomy Drawing Face

The muscles of the head and face divide into four general groups the muscles of the mouth the muscles of the eye and eye socket the muscles of the jaw the superficial muscles of the scalp and face. The most important muscles are those which produce the larger surface forms, the visually prominent masses. Primarily, these are the muscles of the mouth and jaw. The eye and socket muscles are secondary. The others are minor, since they are barely seen. masseter raises jaw and clenches teeth. scalp...