The Problem of the Lower Limbs

The muscles m the lower limbs present a more complex form, but after a detailed analysis you will be able to recognize each of them.

The lower limbs are made up of two essential parts: the thigh, where the quadriceps and the sartorius muscle lies, and the leg itself, which consists of the bulk of the tibiae and the calves. The knee lies between these two parts. The knee is the joint that articulates both of these parts, and it should look rounded and prominent when it is drawn. Notice that if you measure the length of the leg from the hamstring to the ankle, the knee is not located in the middle of the leg, but a bit further down, so when you draw the thigh you should make it longer than the calf. The calf muscles are prominent in the lower part of the leg. They begin just behind the knee and end at the Achilles heel.

You can use an axis or a straight line that runs throughout the limb in order to situate the joints in their proper measure and to better control the effect of symmetry and the outline of the muscles.

Drawing the arms and legs merits a few remarks because it may present problems with proportion. The best way to draw the limbs is to analyze them based on circular or oval shapes. By making a preliminary sketch, we can distinguish between three well-defined areas of any limb. The upper limb comprises the shoulder, which is characterized by the deltoid muscle; the arm, which derives its volume from the presence of the biceps; and the forearm, which is shaped by a more elongated circle. For the leg, we can divide it into the thigh, the knee, and the calves.

The upper and lower limbs can be reduced to a sketch of ovals that will prove very useful in drawing the muscular anatomy of these members in their correct proportions.

Human Positions DrawingAnatomy Human Body Problems

The volumetric treatment of the limbs is easier if you consider the shape of the arms and legs as an assemblage of three cylindrical parts of different sizes.

Women's Limbs

The female arm is very different from that of the male: it is characterized by an absence of prominent musculature, by the regularity of its proportions, and the delicacy of the line that defines its contours. The areas of the elbow and wrist joints are narrower in the female arm. And the shape of the muscles in a woman's legs is barely visible: the thigh tapers delicately as it approaches the knee, and the lines of the leg muscles are understated, softer than a man's, so the circle that forms the knee should stand out only barely. In the lower leg, the graceful calves also taper as they approach the heel. Generally, women's calves are not very prominent, but they do become rounder and gain in volume when a woman wears high heels.

Women's limbs are more delicate, and they display a more subtle muscular relief and a greater narrowing at the wrists and ankles.

In order to draw the legs and arms correctly; it's important that you be able to distinguish the body's cadences and differentiate the positions that the limbs assume, depending on the pose.

Women's limbs are more delicate, and they display a more subtle muscular relief and a greater narrowing at the wrists and ankles.

In order to draw the legs and arms correctly; it's important that you be able to distinguish the body's cadences and differentiate the positions that the limbs assume, depending on the pose.

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