One of the basic differences between a child's body and that of an adult is the head: a child's head is much more voluminous compared to the rest of his body. This feature is attenuated as the body grows. In general, a newborn's height is only three times the size of his head. When the child is approximately one year old, the total length of his body is three and a half times the length of his head. Compared to the head and the torso, his legs are relatively short. At four years, the head is still very large in proportion to the rest of the body, but because the child is taller, his body now comprises five units. At twelve, the child's total height is seven times the length of his head, and the middle of his body descends toward the hips.
A child's head begins with two ovals, one for the upper skull, and another for the jaw and cheeks.
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