## Freehand Drawing Exercises

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It looks so easy, doesn't it? But just try to repeat the various figures carefully and very evenly on your exercise space

Evenness is all-important!

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The following repeat exercises show that your eye is already capable of anticipating and visualizing the correct lines in advance.

With each exercise you will become aware of the countless possible variations Your free choice of these possibilities will now rapidly grow and will give you much enjoyment.

Some more exercise space:

Drawing circles is best begun by drawing coils. Start in the both clockwise and counterclockwise in tight spirals.

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Draw the spirals clockwise, then counterclockwise, resting forearm on the board and making circular motions with the wrist; start from the center, then from the outside in. You will see that the last spirals are better than the ones you drew first

Now draw your own spirals in this exercise space. Really concentrate and try to see the finished spiral on paper—then start to draw.

Rest your drawing hand on the paper and start to draw the circles freely Once you get through this difficult exercise you will achieve a big step further. Exercise space:

You should now be able to draw circles relatively easily. A circle can be thought of as being enclosed inside a square, each quarter of which contains a quarter of the curve of the circle Points of contact are very brief. We can start by drawing a theoretical hemisphere which is then completed to form the whole sphere (circle).

minimal contact We start to draw:

^ ^^ stroke starts here f ^ y-—Now you can do it too:

Yes. the degree of difficulty is growing—but then so is your confidence!

By now you have had so much actly where you want it to go.

practice that each and every stroke will be ex

A few suggestions for practicing wavy lines;

Exercise space for more variations on the wavy-line theme

The various types of pattern shown here should encourage you to have fun by drawing some ideas of your own. These may of course produce spatial (i.e., three-dimensional) effects, which allow you to see "into" the pattern

4.0 Drawing Surfaces and Areas

### 4.1 Area Infills

The simplest way to draw an area as a coherent unit is by hatching (or alternatively by the use of black/white or color contrast with the background tone). We must remember however that hatching can very rapidly become untypical for the drawn object, giving an abstract impression The intensity of the shading must therefore be in harmony with the area's meaning. With increasing darkness, for instance, we interpret greater weight, etc. Hatching is normally used at places where other devices or representations of the material's quality are unacceptable because of prohibitive effort or complexity.

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Aluminum

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Aluminum

Glass

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Figure 4.1 Illustrating Materials

Magnified illustrations or drawings of near-symbolic nature give us a good indication of the material quality (pores, grain, etc.) and perhaps of the type of surface as well.

Comprehensible clarity and good drawing quality can be improved by the judicious incorporation of the material's characteristics into representations of areas and surfaces. With actual material surfaces we distinguish between:

Figure 4.3

Unclear almost unrealistic picture.

Structure (determined by a natural or chemical process).

Texture (determined by construction or manufacture), and Facture (added by subsequent surface treatment).

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### Responses

• eemeli kivinen
How to practice freehand drawing?
6 years ago
• nilde
What is elementary drawing?
6 years ago
• TONY
How to make spiral free hand?
2 years ago
• bilcuzal whitfoot
How to draw basic line exercises?
8 months ago
• berhane
What id Free hand excercise in art?
8 months ago
• mark
How to practice free hand sketching?
7 months ago
• yonatan
How to practise free hands drawing?
6 months ago
• ulrike
What are the quality of free hand drawing?
4 months ago