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more pronounced. They are both on the center line. Do not separate the points of the upper V too far.

Where the lips meet, two very pretty reverse curves are formed.

The outer extremities of the upper lip are much lower than at the center, but after drooping these extremities, bring the ends up again. This causes the mouth to go around the face and also to smile. The upper lip fits well over the lower, which is more apparent in the three-quarter view than in the full view. The whole mouth measures about two and one-half times its height, having a depression at each corner, which causes a shadow.

Draw this mouth many times; try to make it graceful with pretty curves, and not " pointy."

the open mouth (full front view)

In the open mouth the upper jaw remains stationary while the lower one drops. If only this is done there will be a vacant appearance to the whole countenance. In the open smiling mouth, the jaws may be together, but the lips are parted, and drawn sideways. This causes them to be slightly thinner, making the V's spread.

Follow all directions for the closed mouth but part the lips. Do not part too far.

the mouth (three-quarter view)

In the closed three-quarter mouth, the upper lip extends past the lower, consequently the center line of the upper lip extends past the center line of the lower lip. In the open three-quarter mouth the lower V on the upper lip is spread, and the far side of the lower part of the upper lip takes the opposite curve from the n^ar side, thus making the mouth on that side go around the face.

the mouth (profile view;

In this view we see exactly how far the upper lip projects over the lower, and how far the outer extremities are drooped. This is but one-half of the mouth, therefore it shows but one side of the V's, the reverse curve between the hps being very prominent.

In connection with this mouth study the figure at the bottom of the page. Note the pretty curve between the nose and the upper lip, and how the line below the mouth slants back to the chin.

Study all directions of the lower lip. In this view the thickness of the upper lip shows.

the nose (.front view)

A nose viewed directly .n front does not show all its parts to advantage. Study the nose in connection with the looking down eyes at the bottom of the page and the three planes of the nose (below the open profile mouth). On the forehead between the brows is a diamond shape and from its lower part the nose begins.

D stands for the diamond and B for the bridge, this being the bone of the nose. The whole nose spreads as it leaves this projection. The end of the nose is soft, as are also the wings, which are on each side of the end.

In fashions the line for the bridge is often omitted.

Under the nose there are three planes, the nostrils being under the wings or m the outer planes.

The nostrils slant backward, being thinner in the front; note the lines of direction for all planes which are under the nose, the piece between the nostrils being on the lower plane. If this piece is drawn in the three-quarter view of the face, it helps to give the effect of the under plane of the nose.

the nose (three-quarter view)

In this view the bridge is prominent and the far side of the wing and nostril

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