The student is now in a position not only to draw for fashion papers, but to use his knowledge in designing box covers, bonk covers, cards, etc., and to draw catchy pictures which may be used for advertising purposes and which will be salable. Publishers will order pictures from sketches submitted in rough form, but the artist's finished work must first be approved.
Sketches are made with a few pencil strokes giving the publisher the ideas. They may be very rough but must have snap and the lines must be drawn as if one knew how. The more sketches one creates of this class the more ideas will come to him.
A composition is good when the main point in the picture is most apparent, all other things being subord:nate to it. The given space must be filled in nicely, but not crowded. Keep your point of interest near the center and have the back ground spaces interesting. This may be accomplished by making a variety of shapes and sizes, without having them too different. All parts must pull together for one purpose. Study books on composition These treat on balance, harmony and tone values.
It is well first to sketch in your ideas very roughly with pencil and practice paper. Take your ideas from decorative pictures, changing the figures and the backgrounds. Start with some selected idea and place lines around it that will fill in the given space; these lines will suggest shapes of objects which may be used for the main idea or for the background.
It is well to draw the figures and the background before placing the frame line around them. To ascertain just where to place this frame fine, make a small hole ;n a piece of paper, cut the hole round or square and view the picture through it, shifting the opening in different positions. This is called a " finder," and by this method you can find the best place to draw the frame around the picture.
These sketches, when worked out, may be rendered on pencil paper with pencil only, or they may have flat washes of color placed on the parts to be colored.
A finished pen-and-ink drawing should be drawn on bristol board. If the colors are to be given, place them on transparent paper which is laid over the picture, being pasted on the wrong side of the top edge of the bristol board. This will suggest to the publisher the color scheme, although he may change it when reproducing the drawing. Many drawings are sold this way; they are ';ne drawings. Others are sold with the colors carefully worked out on the pictures themselves. These should be rendered on illustration board with wash or tempera colors. They require a different process for reproduction than that used for line drawings. Consult previous instructions for the use of water-color paints, Lesson XIX and XXIX.
Try for good color schemes. Use combinations of colors you have seen, also try new combinations. Try out all schemes on other paper before attempting to color your drawings.
The sketch shown in Fig. 1 was taken from seven different pictures, the figure itself being drawn first (the figure was in underclothes, the right-hand held flowers, while the left one was resting on a table). There is nothing in this sketch to suggest any of this detail except the position. Now let us dress the figure in a summer dress with a hat suitable for the occasion. A parasol will go nicely in the right hand and fill in the space at the right. There is still more space to fill at the right; a rose bush will go well with the idea of a hot, summer day. The composition needs a lawn for the standing figure and this is taken from still another picture. Let us place a few more roses on the left at the bottom, and a few clouds at the top which help the sununer day. Thus we have parts of seven pictures; the lady, the dress, the hat, the parasol, the bushes, the lawn and the clouds.
Study Fig. 2. This little girl was seated in a daisy field with hills in the background. Her hair had a Dutch cut. She was picking a daisy. Suppose we draw her as she sits, give her long hair and another dress anil have her fixing a pot of flowrers in the house. The window-suggests the house part; so wTe have the child, the hair, the dress, the plant and the window taken from five different pictures.
When submitting sketches, ovals and circles need not be perfect, but when making finished draw ings be very accurate. Use a compass for circles and a ruler for squares and oblongs.
Construct an oval within an oblong. A good way to make a perfect oval is to draw diagonal lines from corner to corner and a vertical line and a horizontal line through the middle. Draw one-quarter of the oval in the left-hand top comer. Trace off this quarter of the whole drawing and turn the tracing over, placing it in the right-hand corner, having all lines fit. Trace off, then turn the tracing over and place it in the right-hand lower corner;
trace to the left lower corner similarly and then redraw carefully.
Fig. 3 was designed in the same way. The little colonial lady had one hand resting on a piano and the other one extended. Why not place her dress in her hands and help the old-fashioned effect by the diamond window in the background?
In Fig. 4 the winter girl is very much blown by the wind. Everything is driven in the same direction, even the snow. A small portion of a figure may extend past the circle, but do not extend it too far. Do not touch the feather with the circle or the figure with the distant hills. If the figure were leaning against an object, she would touch the object. In case of distance the space between lends atmosphere.
The student must not only strive to draw well, but he must strive to sell his work. Remember publishers will not go to you until you have shown yourself worth looking up. Go to them with samples of your work, always taking your best drawings, and taking to each house the class of wTork that that house uses.
Letters of introduction are excellent things to have, and they nnght get one a position. But good work is required to keep a position, as it is the work that really counts. Show what you can do and do not get discouraged if you do not make a sale at once. Most houses are courteous and are willing to offer suggestions.
"Free Lancing" is when an artist has his own studio and sells his work to different business houses.
Take your knocks as so much medicine and keep on learning and pushing to the front. There are many positions op™ for artists and even a subordinate position is a wonderful thing, for it will give experience and may lead to opportunity.
Was this article helpful?
Realize Your Dream of Becoming a Professional Pencil Drawing Artist. Learn The Art of Pencil Drawing From The Experts. A Complete Guide On The Qualities of A Pencil Drawing Artist.