The Downward Gaze Vs The Closing

Gaze Diagram

The trickiest part of drawing the downward gaze is to not merely end up with a closed-looking eye. When the eyes simply close, the iris and pupil are covered in the process in the downward gaze, the eye leaves open a space large enough for the pupil to see through. This is accomplished by the bowing downward of the lower lid. A telltale crease, the signature fold for this action, appears below the lid as it moves. As the gaze drops further, the bow gets sharper and the crease deepens. The dip...

The Nature Of The Facial Muscles

Everyone's face is continually reshaped in response to different moods and impulses. Watch people in conversation their faces are rarely at rest. Their features respond as they listen and accompany their voices as they speak. The fact that we are capable of so much communication with our faces is a great help in our lives as social creatures. Those around us can share in our pleasure when they see us smile or be moved to cheer us up when they see we are sad. Our faces are as expressive as they...

The Folds Above The Mouth

Dent Between Nose And Mouth

The area below the nose is always marked with three strong divisions, like folds in a curtain. The folds are draped over the curving, forward-tilted form of the upper aw beneath. The curtain ends where it joins the cheeks, a border often marked by a crease. The three folds line up exactly with the three parts of the base of the nose and the three sections of the upper lip this is due to the common origin of all these forms in three tiny subdivisions in the embryo. A. Almost invisible on a...

Looking Sideways Side View

Drawing Eyes Side View

Seen from the side, the iris widens from a narrow black oval, when we are looking straight ahead A , to an ellipse, when we are looking somewhat to the side B . The amount of space between the iris and the eye corner steadily decreases. When the glance is directly to the side C , the iris fills our view of the eye. Its shape appears more circular, and white space has appeared on its far side. It's also widened the eye corner slightly D . The rim of the upper lid bulges above the iris A and B...

Zygomatic Minor Third Branch Of Sneering Muscle

Where The Zygomatic Major

The action of the zygomatic minor is involuntary it appears only when we're sad, not otherwise the other two branches of the sneering muscle are under our conscious control . When it contracts, pulling from B , it creates its own signature wrinkle, the little floating crease in the middle of the cheek A . This crease marks the insertion of the muscle into the skin. The zygomatic minor also squares off the lip which is also stretched by the risorius and pushed up by the mentalis here and bunches...

The Line Between The Lips

Men Lips Drawing

It has a well-developed central dip and a distinct break between peaks and legs. Note that the end of LBL is on same level as middle of LBL this is true unless the head is tipped. Not quite as straight as it looks. Really a flattened version of Cupid's bow dip and two peaks still present just barely. The three-part pattern of lips goes back to the development of the embryo and is present in every mouth. The arch shape is really another variation of the Cupid's bow, with...

The Muscles Of Expression

Muscles Facial Expression Actions

Dr. Duchenne of Bologna, a nineteenth-century French scientist, became famous for his explorations of muscle function using electrical stimulation. In his book Mecanisme de la physionomie humaine, he illustrated the actions of many of the facial muscles by photographing subjects whose faces he stimulated with electrified needles it's said to be a very unpleasant feeling . Here Duchenne demonstrates the action of the zygomatic major, touching the ends of the...

How The Mouth Changes Shape As It Opens

How Sketch Mouth With Pencil

Carefully observing the way the mouth looks when relaxed and open will help us see more clearly the way its shape changes when we're happy, angry, or sad. The oval shape of the opening is the key. In most expressions it squares off dramatically in none except surprise is it oval. Note that as mouth drops, lower lip stretches more than upper, as it follows dropping teeth. Think of the upper lip as divided in thirds. The center third, with dip and peaks, is held in place by teeth. The outer legs...

Levator Labii Superioris The Openmouthed Sneer

Lips Drawing Step Step

People with arched upper lips form an important minority group, like left-handers. The arch may be fairly high A or lower, with only a tiny gap between the lips. The center part is never more than one-third the length of the upper lip, and side angles are not steep. The lower lip line is flat. The sneer occurs when the center is elongated and side angles are steep B . The lower lip is unaffected. If the pull of the sneering muscle, levator labii superioris, is...

Anger The Face Of Rage

Corrugator contraction pulls a horizontal fold A across the upper lid. A similar fold in sadness angles upward. Though the upper lid B line is cut off by the across-the-eyelid fold, we mentally complete its arc, observing that if extended, it would pass well above the iris. The straightness of the lower lid C adds a harsh, staring quality to the eye. Its shape is due to the contraction of the eyelid portion of the orbicularis oculi. There are three branches to the sneering muscle. In crying,...

Anger The A L L Mprtant Eyes

Woman Glaring

THE EYE WHAT MAKES THE EYES LOOK INTENSE The expression of anger revolves around the eyes. The eyes widen in anger, and the wider they open, the angrier we look. What complicates matters slightly is the effect of the brow on the widened eye. Once the artist learns to account for this, great control over the expression of anger follows. 1. Neutral. A man's eyes, with heavy eyebrows quite close to the top of the upper lid. 2. Brow down. Simple contraction of corrugator, pulling the...

Looking More Closely At The

Pencil Drawings Facial Expressions

As the head turns, the body of the aw appears to shorten. On the far side of the face, the foreshortened body B appears to go in almost the same direction as the vertical ramus C . A slight change in direction is maintained, and the chin appears almost flat. In profile, the aw appears as a bent L-shape, consisting of the almost vertical ramus D and the almost horizontal body. The back edge of the ramus points at the front of the ear. The chin has an in-and-out shape because of the canine fossa...