Profile tolerance of a surface

Profile tolerance of a surface is used to control the ideal form of a surface, which is defined by theoretically exact boxed dimensions and must be accompanied by a relative tolerance zone. The profile-tolerance zone, unless otherwise stated, is taken to be bilateral and equally disposed about its true-form surface. The tolerance value is equal to the diameter of spheres whose centre lines lie on the true form of the surface. The zone is formed by surfaces which touch the circumferences of the spheres on either side of the ideal form.

If it is required to call for a unilateral tolerance zone, then the circumferences of the tolerance-zone spheres must touch the theoretical contour of the surface.

Product requirement The tolerance zone is to be contained by upper and lower surfaces which touch the circumference of spheres 0.3 diameter whose centres lie on the theoretical form of the surface.

Drawing instruction

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Profile Surface Engineering Drawings

Parallelism

Two parallel lines or surfaces are always separated by a uniform distance. Lines or surfaces may be required to be parallel with datum planes or axes. Tolerance zones may be the space between two parallel lines or surfaces, or the space contained within a cylinder positioned parallel to its datum. The magnitude of the tolerance value is the distance between the parallel lines or surfaces, or the cylinder diameter.

Case 1

Product requirement The axis of the hole on the left-hand side must be contained between two straight lines 0.2 apart, parallel to the datum axis X and lying in the same vertical plane.

0.2

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