Fundamental Rules

Dimensioning and tolerancing shall clearly define engineering intent and shall conform to the following.

\a) Each dimension shall have a tolerance, except for those dimensions specifically identified as reference, maximum, minimum, or stock (commercial stock size). The tolerance may be applied directly to the dimension (or indirectly in the case of basic dimensions), indicated by a general note, or located in a supplementary block of the drawing format. See ANSI Y14.1.

(b) Dimensioning and tolerancing shall be complete so there is full understanding of the characteristics of each feature. Neither scaling (measuring the size of a feature directly from an engineering drawing) nor assumption of a distance or size is permitted, except as follows: Undimensioned drawings, such as loft, printed wiring, templates, and master layouts prepared on stable material, are excluded provided the necessary control dimensions are specified.

(c) Each necessary dimension of an end product shall be shown. No more dimensions than those necessary for complete definition shall be given. The use of reference dimensions on a drawing should be minimized.

(d) Dimensions shall be selected and arranged to suit the function and mating relationship of a part and shall not be subject to more than one interpretation.

(e) The drawing should define a part without specifying manufacturing methods. Thus, only the diameter of a hole is given without indicating whether it is to be drilled, reamed, punched, or made by any other operation. However, in those instances where manufacturing, processing, quality assurance, or environmental information is essential to the definition of engineering requirements, it shall be specified on the drawing or in a document referenced on the drawing.

(f) It is permissible to identify as nonmandatory certain processing dimensions that provide for finish allowance, shrink allowance, and other requirements, provided the final dimensions are given on the drawing. Nonmandatory processing dimensions shall be identified by an appropriate note, such as NON-MANDATORY (MFG DATA).

(g) Dimensions should be arranged to provide required information for optimum readability. Dimensions should be shown in true profile views and refer to visible outlines.

(h) Wires, cables, sheets, rods, and other materials manufactured to gage or code numbers shall be specified by linear dimensions indicating the diameter or thickness. Gage or code numbers may be shown in parentheses following the dimension.

(i) A 90° angle applies where center lines and lines depicting features are shown on a drawing at right angles and no angle is specified. See para. 2.1.1.2.

(j) A 90° basic angle applies where center lines of features in a pattern or surfaces shown at right angles on the drawing are located or defined by basic dimensions and no angle is specified.

(k) Unless otherwise specified, all dimensions are applicable at 20°C (68°F). Compensation may be made for measurements made at other temperatures.

(I) All dimensions and tolerances apply in a free state condition. This principle does not apply to non-rigid parts as defined in paras. 2.7.1.3(b) and 6.8.

(m) Unless otherwise specified, all geometric tolerances apply for full depth, length, and width of the feature.

(n) Dimensions and tolerances apply only at the drawing level where they are specified. A dimension specified for a given feature on one level of drawing, (for example, a detail drawing) is not mandatory for that feature at any other level (for example, an assembly drawing).

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