Draw a horizontal line to indicate the back edge of the table. Shade the background, making lines in the same direction as those used for the objects; keep the tonal density even.
7 Begin making lines at right angles to the existing shading, still using the M pen. Vary the frequency of the lines to establish areas of different tone, which helps to create the illusion of form.
8 Continue crosshatching, working on one object at a time. When you arrive at a delineated highlight area, start your penstroke on the edge of the highlight and work away from it, to keep the area bright.
9 Keep evaluating the tonal densities of the objects as you go. Ensure that you are making creative decisions all the time; don't be tempted to think that you are merely "filling in" the crosshatching.
Build density in the darker areas of the subject by adding further passes of crosshatching at different angles. Turn the paper on its side so that you can make marks with natural, flowing movements of your hand.
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