The Colored Pencil Course

Ebook On Drawing Pencil Portraits

Get Instant Access

Ballpoint pen

Felt-tip pen

Technical and consumer pens make fine marks of constant width and quality; the width of the tips of technical pens is giver in millimeters. Ballpoint and felt-tip pens are useful for spur-of-the-moment sketches.


Inks can be applied with both brushes and nibs. Ink applied with a brush makes fluid calligraphic marks; drawing brushes are typically round and pointed, in contrast to the flat types used in oil painting, and are made from natural animal hair or synthetic fibers. Dip pens create characterful lines and can use almost any type of ink; fountain pens with an internal reservoir cannot be used with most Indian inks.

Japanese ink Calligraphy brush brush

Dip per

Fountain pen

Types of ink inks and liquid acrylics, which can be used in a similar way to inks, are available in a huge range of colors and can be mixed together to achieve almost any hue inks may be water-soluble or waterproof; india inks gain their waterproof qualities through the addition of shellac. Water-soluble inks can be "released" with water after they are dry to achieve tonal washes

Yellow liquid acrylic india ink india ink

Ink flow Japanese ink brushes hold ink in the broad base of the bristle head so that continuous lines can be made. Pens also have a specific ink flow varying from the irregular dip pen to the consistent fountain pen

Charcoal and pastels

Soft drawing materials, such as charcoals and pastels, are capable of laying down broad areas of line and tone in both monochromatic and color drawings, making them particularly good for larger scale works. Colored pastels were very popular with the Impressionists who referred to their use as "dry painting." Their colors can be bold and brilliant - the word "pastel" does not imply paleness of tone.


Charcoal is usually made from willow vine or beech charred at a very high temperature. It can be readily erased and smudged allowing you to leave many traces in the drawing that reveal the

Willow charcoal sticks mark of the hand that made it. Energetic, expressive drawings work well in this medium, as do images that require a wide range of broad strokes to depict large tonal areas.

Charcoal marks

Fluid, vigorous, anc smudged marks are the key drawing components of most charcoal works.

Charcoal marks

Fluid, vigorous, anc smudged marks are the key drawing components of most charcoal works.

Willow charcoal sticks

Charcoal pencil

Compressed charcoal


Charcoal drawing tools Willow charcoal is a brittle, powdery, and very tactile medium. Bound into a pencil or compressed - where charcoal dust is mixed with fine clay and a binder - it becomes more intense and more permanent. Charcoal can be smudged and dispersed with a fingertip or using a rubber-tipped shaper.


Fixative is made from resin dissolved in a colorless spirit solvent and usually sold in spray can form. it has a strong smel and is best used in a ventilated area. Fixative plays an important part when drawing in charcoa or pastel. it can be sprayed onto your work at regular intervals throughout the process, enabling you to fix areas of your drawing while it is in progress. it also acts as the final sealing layer for the preservation of your drawing

Drawing Otter Head

Seal head This drawing uses charcoal in a variety of ways: a few linear strokes indicate the surface of the water; broader, darker tonal areas describe the head; and rubbing back helps define the animal's reflection

Charcoal and pastels | 15

colored pastels

Pastels were developed in the 16th century, and their name comes from the French pastiche, meaning "mixture" or "paste." To make soft pastels, pure pigment is ground to a paste with a gum binder, then rolled into sticks. Other types of pastels are made by altering the nature of binder and quality of pigment used. Softer pastels tend to be encased in paper to preserve their integrity.

oil pastels conte crayons

Developed in the 1700s, these pastels are defined by their traditional earthy colors, such as sanguine, terracotta, and sepia.

pastel pencils

Based on an oil or wax binder, these pastels produce thick, buttery marks reminiscent of oil paints. They can be used on oil painting paper and dissolved by adding turpentine to create soft and smudged color fields. They do not require treatment with fixative.

water-release pastels â

These pastels are a relatively new innovation. They contain a water-soluble component, such as glycol, which allows the colors to be released with a water wash to create a diffuse, ink-like quality in the drawing.

The wooden pencil-like casing of these soft chalky pastels makes them ideal for precise linear work, and for developing detail in a bigger drawing, especially in conjunction with larger chalk pastel sticks.

chalk pastels mm ^

These pastels are made up of limestone with added pigment. They are tonally lighter than pure pigment pastels, offering you a subtle range of soft colors to work with. They require a fixative to prevent smudging.

Textured paper is a suitable ground for pastel drawing because its "tooth" can hold the loose pigment. This simple drawing shows how effectively two tones - dark brown and white - can describe an image on a colored ground.


Paper is manufactured in an astonishing variety of weights, colors, textures, and finishes. Cheap, basic papers — ideal for quick sketches — are usually machine-made and based on wood pulp. They tend to degrade, becoming yellow and brittle. Art papers, based more on cotton and linen fiber, and made by machine or by hand, provide better drawing surfaces and archival qualities, though are more costly.

Was this article helpful?

0 0
Canvas Painting For Beginners

Canvas Painting For Beginners

Become the artist you want to be Canvas Painting for the Beginner. Have you always wanted to paint but did not know the first thing about it? Have you sketched thousands of pictures in your sketch book and wanted to put them on canvas? Now you can with the help of this book. We teach you everything to get you started in the wonderful world of fine arts. You can learn to express yourself with color.

Get My Free Ebook

Post a comment