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Add richness to the red lily with the Windsor red pastel, and use the cadmium orange pastel to color the spadix. Use the white pastel for highlights: these bring the lily to life as they catch the ridges on the waxy spathe.

Blend the highlights following the organic forms of the flower. Use the dark gray and white pastels to refine the shadow and highlight areas on the submerged stems. Blend and smudge to add realistic relief.

Flowers in a vase

In the finished drawing, the edges of the collage paper are still visible, giving an extra textural dimension - a layered effect that suggests different planes of the leaves and flowers. Starting with the collage is an interesting exercise because it gives you something to react to, other than just the subject, and so injects a new, arguably more personal element into your drawing.

6 Jars and jugs

Crosshatching is a sensitive way of defining tone and three-dimensional form in pen and ink drawings. The technique allows you to create tone by varying the frequency of line — the closer together the lines, the darker the impression. Crosshatching is used not just in drawing but also in etching and engraving — traditional techniques where the lines can be even more delicate. This project captures some of the qualities of old engraving, using sepia pens — softer and more appealing than harsh black on white — to render a classic still life composition made up of bottles, jugs, and jars.

EQUiPMENT

• Warm yellow thick drawing paper

• Waterproof fiber-tip sepia ink pens:

TECHNiQUES

• Crosshatching to express tone, form, and shadow

• Capturing highlights and shadows

Freehand Sketching An Introduction

Freehand Sketching An Introduction

Learn to sketch by working through these quick, simple lessons. This Learn to Sketch course will help you learn to draw what you see and develop your skills.

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