Work heavily with the burnt umber pastel pencil, uniting the base of each object with the dense shadow that it casts. This serves to anchor the objects to the table surface and contributes to the three-dimensional illusion.


Add tone to the ruin in the background with the burnt umber pastel pencil. Hold the pencil loosely - the unsure line that results helps to make the background more recessive and reinforces a realistic sense of depth. Use the plastic eraser to smudge and soften the background tones - the focus of this drawing needs to remain firmly on the foreground objects.

Add detail to the background and extend its tone to almost meet the still life objects; this helps to unite the elements in the drawing. Add burnt umber detail into the floral relief for a color link to the background.

▼ Archaeological finds

Subject, technique, and materials combine in this nonrepresentational drawing that summons up a sense of place and history. The earthy palette and textured paper contribute to this effect.

11 Projected image

Drawing over a projected image has a long tradition, stretching from the Renaissance to Andy Warhol — indeed, today's digital and slide projectors are derived from the camera obscura, the idea of which was first set out by Aristotle. Far from limiting your options, working over a projection opens up new opportunities — to work on a huge scale, to represent movement, or to explore cultural and personal icons. This drawing of geishas in a traditional Japanese setting uses bold pastel to capture a scene full of drama.

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Freehand Sketching An Introduction

Freehand Sketching An Introduction

Learn to sketch by working through these quick, simple lessons. This Learn to Sketch course will help you learn to draw what you see and develop your skills.

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