The choice of medium can sometimes be particularly appropriate to the type of landscape you are working on. 'The medium is the message' said Marshall McCluhan in the 1960s and, in drawing, this is no exception. Here are two landscapes that give quite different effects, and the mediums seem particularly suited to the type of scene being shown. One seems to be glowing with energy and fiery, while the other is cool and gentle in effect.

This first example is an antique Chinese landscape from c. 1685 by K'un Ts'an, with melting mountain ranges and sketchy trees. This was done first with sepia ink and then green ink, carefully portraying the intricate details of the rocky hills and twisted trees. After this, keeping very subdued like the original, came softly applied layers of coloured pencil, using the edge of a well-sharpened point in violet, brown, green and blue.

The second example shows a pastel version of one of Monet's Haystack paintings (a series of at least 25 variations), which glows with golden light and gives the impression of the haystack almost burning up. The original was done with oil paints, but can be effectively imitated by pastel in the same way as Monet worked his paint. These impressionistic strokes of brilliant colour allow you to show the dazzling effects of hot sun when it is low in the sky.

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Freehand Sketching An Introduction

Freehand Sketching An Introduction

Learn to sketch by working through these quick, simple lessons. This Learn to Sketch course will help you learn to draw what you see and develop your skills.

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