4. Soft pastel

5. Hard pastel 6. Stump

7. Scalpel

8b. Felt tip illuminator

8b. Felt tip illuminator usually you will only want two, a large fat one and a thin one.

7. Scalpel - the best knife for sharpening pencils, crayons, pastels or anything, but they are extremely sharp and not advisable for students under 16 years. A craft knife is almost as good and safer to use.

8. Felt tip pens and illuminators - these pens allow thicker, more solid areas of colour to be put on quickly and are useful for larger drawings.

9. Watercolour box - watercolours are easiest to use from a box but they can be bought in small tubes as well.

10. Fine nib push or dip pens - these provide variable line and pen strokes, from very fine to fairly thick depending on the pressure applied. Some nibs are more flexible than others.

11. Liquid water colour (concentrated) - these colours are just like ink but may be diluted with water. They can be used with a pen or a brush.

12. Indian ink - a more permanent ink, available in many colours. Perfect for pen work but can be used with a brush.


Watercolour paper - ideal for anything where water is the main solution. It takes the colour well and helps to stop it going patchy.

Ingres paper - very good for pastel drawing, and it comes in many shades. You will find it easier to draw in pastel on toned paper because white paper gives a rather too stark contrast.

Cartridge paper - this comes in various weights (gsm = grams per square metre), so you will have to try different types to suit your piece of work. Generally speaking, a smooth surface is better for pen and ink and rough is better for pencil work.

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Freehand Sketching An Introduction

Freehand Sketching An Introduction

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