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This is the name given to perspective as seen through tone and colour. The principle is that if an object is closer to you it will G appear more distinct, more textured and with more intense

T colour than if separated by distance. Technically, the volume of

N air, with its accompanying moisture, between you and the object

S of perception creates a mist of refracted light, and produces the

AR effect that you notice when looking at distant mountains: they

T always appear more blue than elements of the landscape closer to you. Not only that, their texture is smoothed out and the edges of objects seem less distinct.

So when you produce a landscape, like the two examples here, you can give a greater effect of distance by varying the intensity of the colour and the clarity of the outline.

In the first example, the distant mountains are drawn in blue without very much detail on the surface of the rock. As the eye travels towards the foreground, it notices more intense and warmer colour and more distinct detail, as in the fence post and the close-up grass and bushes.

In the second example, a similar effect is produced and this time it is much clearer that the colours of the landscape and building close to the observer are not only more distinct and detailed in texture, but their colours are generally much warmer in tone, using yellows and reds to give a more immediate effect to their position in space. Blue shades, which are cool, tend to recede and red shades, which are warm, 41

tend to advance - or, at least, give the impression of doing so. You can observe this effect for yourself when looking at a large landscape, especially on a damp day. So when you think of p perspective, don't forget that colour usage will S

also enhance the effects of distance and E

proximity in your picture. Include lots of detail T

and warmer colours in the foreground, and less E

detail and cooler colours for the middle and background. Put in the farthest distance features only in blues and greys.

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The effect of the source of light on the appearance of distance is also key. If your source of light is behind your main features it has the effect of showing them in silhouette, which tends to make them look closer than they are. So if you wish to retain the effect of distance, make sure that the shadowed parts of your objects are shown in as much tonal detail as possible, to ensure that they don't become a silhouette.

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Freehand Sketching An Introduction

Freehand Sketching An Introduction

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