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Still life is in many respects the foundation of drawing practice because it is the one discipline where you can control your drawing set-up, and are able to return to it again and again, as long as you need to. The great thing is to learn to love your subject matter. Don't choose objects that don't arouse your interest in some way. Consider carefully before you choose your subject, especially as we are dealing in colour the combination of colour values should be a strong part of your...

Dlj

This image shows a central light surrounded by spheres or globes and how this illuminates one side of each sphere, causing a shadow on the opposite side. The sphere placed on the ground will also cast a shadow, stretching away from the light source. Notice that when the sphere is lit directly from the front or behind, it tends to lose a good deal of its three-dimensional qualities in the stark contrast between the surface that is lit and the other that is all in darkness. The maximum...

Wiv

A landscape frame comes in very handy. Not the sort that finished artworks are placed in, but a piece of card with a window cut out of it, which corresponds to the shape of the picture you wish to produce. Hold up the frame in front of the landscape you are about to draw, in order to decide which part of the view you really want to work on. You always need some way of limiting the parameters, so that the final picture doesn't become too broad for your drawing base. In the large picture below,...

R Drawings In Pencil Step By Step

6 Placing these objects close together, well below my eye- level, I get a repeated pattern of circular, cylindrical shapes, with the light behind them bouncing off the light surface they are standing on. Notice the arrows showing the direction of the light which means that all the shadows are facing the viewer. Draw a sketchy outline of your arrangement before starting on your finished drawing. 7 When you begin to draw these, you will realize that the light colour of each of the objects, and...

The human figure

Drawing the human figure in colour provides certain obstacles for you to conquer before you become really proficient. One major fact is that coloration of the human body encompasses a wide spectrum. There are few truly strong colours in the human skin range, but a host of very subtle tones. Apart from obvious differences in skin colour between various races, the complexion of each human being reflects any number of hues, according to whether you are looking at that particular individual in the...

Significant colours

Sometimes colour in a picture turns out totally different from the way that you meant it to be. But many great artists work very hard on their colour schemes and don't just arrive at them by accident. It is worth taking a closer look at some of their work before we close, although you have seen quite a number of examples already. This approach differs from the previous sections, where we have looked at the construction of a particular scene. Here, I will present you with a picture by an artist...

U

When it comes to reproducing moving figures, there is always the same problem. How much do you show clearly and how much should the drawing be blurred in some way to make it convey movement The question may be approached in two ways. You can either hope that your drawing is dynamic enough to hold up as a moving image, even if everything in it is crystal sharp and clear, or you can bring in some distortions and fuzzy edges to give an impression of movement, as if you have taken a photograph with...

Massrsrokss

The practice of composing a landscape is partly done for you by the area you happen to be painting in , and partly a matter for your own taste and discrimination in what effect you want your landscape to have. It is possible to adjust the landscape that you see in front of you, by moving your position a little or by leaving out parts of the scene, or even moving them around a little. Many artists do this, but you have to be careful that the results will all hang together.

Composition and colour

Composition is always the hardest and yet the most interesting part of picture-making, once you have mastered the basics of drawing everything else. When you are only concerned with form and tone the problem is difficult enough but, when you come to add colour, it introduces a new element that will make a huge difference to your final design. Here some of the things that you will have to take into consideration. Some artists use colour as a medium in its own right and subject all their...

Pencil Sketch Of Aquarium

Birds Freehand Sketches

For an added semblance of reality to your animal drawings, try fitting your subjects into the type of landscape that they might normally inhabit. This means that you need some pictorial references to draw upon. Alternatively, do what the famous French painter Henri 'Le Douanier' Rousseau did, which was to create a magical jungle habitat that never existed in real life but was a product of his sketching sessions amid the lush greenery of the Jardin des Plantes in Paris - the equivalent of Kew...

Cga

We generally use the frontal view of the face as the easiest way to get a good likeness and it is probably the best view for your first attempt at drawing the head. It shows you the eyes and mouth at their most recognizable, however, it is not the easiest way to draw the nose. Nor is it necessarily the most interesting method for portrait purposes. The profile is straightforward enough to draw in most parts, although some people have difficulty with the eyes at this angle. The most favoured...

Jla

These two open hands, showing the palm, will be very familiar to us, since they are seen from the viewpoint of the owner. Notice how the movement of the thumb changes the character of the gesture. 1. The open hand with its fingers straightened out looks flat and fin-like. 2. Another fist, obviously masculine, but with the thumb closed around the fingers. When the hand is in a fist, draw the whole shape first, picking out the detail afterwards.

Landscape

Actively searching for a landscape to draw may seem a rather artificial approach - there are landscapes everywhere we look -but you need an area with qualities that you find attractive. Before you start rushing around in search of a good view, consider the area you are working in and adapt your ideas to make the most of a particular environment. The first and most essential step is to compose your picture. As shown earlier in the book, this can be done with the use of a framing device made from...

Portraits

Portrait drawing is frequently the type of drawing that people would most like to be able to do, so that they can make reasonable likenesses of their friends and relatives. The first important thing is to understand the structure of the head. Without attention to its general shape, you will not be able to make a very convincing portrait, or even a caricature. When people start drawing the human head there is a tendency to concentrate on the face of the sitter, and it is often drawn larger in...

Kwn

The first stage requires a fairly loose brown line drawing on the grey-brown paper and then filling in some of the more obvious shadow areas, including, this time, the cast shadow on the table. Keep the strokes loose and light in touch. You can now begin on the other colours. I put in the blue edge to the bowl and then the basic yellow of the bananas and the yellow and green of the apples. Next, I drew the pattern on the plate and also the very light areas on it. I then deepened the shadows on...

Chw

These two nudes are drawn in different styles but both in the medium of pen and ink. The first is a copy of a Picasso ink drawing and I've tried to follow the method he used, giving a similar emphasis to the line. The second is drawn more heavily and I've added some colour washes to give a more spatial effect to the figure. The contrast between a simple line drawing and the addition of washes of colour shows how much even limited colour can achieve.

M

The really danng step comes next, which is to venture out of the front door and into the street. Most people are a little shy of drawing in public but, if you want to get going, it is something you will have to conquer. What you will see rather depends on where you are living, but I've chosen to rework a street scene by Hiroshige, the famous Japanese master of the nineteenth-century woodcut, where he depicts a very ordinary Japanese street that has no remarkable architectural features, rather...

Kgd

When you begin to draw portraits, you may find after a few minutes of posing that people's faces tend to adopt a fixed stare and often a rather bored expression. This is why, in previous times, professional portrait painters used to employ musicians to keep their sitters amused, so that they would not find the business too tedious. Some painters rely on their talent for interesting conversation to keep their sitters lively, but you can see how that might be difficult. So, one thing you can do...