Shading

area you're shading so that it's totally black. This can create a dramatic light/ dark effect. Don't do this, however, if you need some tonal gradation in the area you're shading, because it will be uniformly dark.

Inking in one side of a square-shaped object works better (see Figure 4-11a) than inking in a side of a round-shaped object. On a round object, a solid black area can lack the gradient quality needed to convey an accurate three-dimensional form (see Figure 4-11b). To address this problem, see the "Crosshatching" section later in this chapter.

Figure 4-11:

Shading in solid black can create a dramatic effect.

Figure 4-11:

Shading in solid black can create a dramatic effect.

With washes

Washes are methods that have been used for hundreds of years to create shade and tonal value in illustrations and other art destined for newsprint. Washes, which are gray in color, are used to shade an illustration.

Washes are generally ink that's been watered down until it's a much lighter, transparent consistency. To apply a wash, you use a watercolor brush to dip into the wash and cover over the areas you want to shade, usually on a watercolor-based paper. To achieve the right gray shade, mix water in with a small amount of ink until you get the shade you want (see Figure 4-12).

The results of washes are very similar to watercolor except that washes are always some shade of gray. The technique is still very much in use in cartoons that are regularly published in The New Yorker magazine, among others. The technique results in a toned-down, more sophisticated looking composition.

If you're coloring your sketches in Photoshop, you can rely on several filters and brush options to achieve a similar effect digitally. Check out Chapter 16 for more on shading with Photoshop.

Figure 4-12:

Washes can create a soft tonal shade quality similar to traditional watercolors.

Figure 4-12:

Washes can create a soft tonal shade quality similar to traditional watercolors.

With markers

If you want to shade your sketches with markers, you have a wide variety of design markers on the market to choose from to create bold lines that are perfect for shading. They come in a variety of colors as well as several different shades of gray, which are great for shading.

To shade with design markers, you basically color in the areas designated to be shaded. The more you go over the first layer, the darker your shading will be. Design markers have traditionally been used in design-specific professions like architecture, fashion, and interior design. They produce a predictable, modular line quality, like in Figure 4-13. You can use them in a quick, loose manner to create a stylized shading technique.

Figure 4-13:

Design markers are a quick, reliable tool for shading rough sketches.

Figure 4-13:

Design markers are a quick, reliable tool for shading rough sketches.

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Freehand Sketching An Introduction

Freehand Sketching An Introduction

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Responses

  • Alexander
    What is the gray shading in editorial cartoons called?
    6 years ago

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