Nicola

After which sudden outburst of scholarship and philosophy, let us consider the manipulation of the pen, for the benefit of beginners who are not familiar with this medium of drawing. The drawing pen is held the same as in the proper position for writing that is, with the thumb and first and second fingers of the rigjhthand A variety of pen. lines are used in cartooning and caricaturing. Fine lines, heavy lines, slow lines, fast lines, irregular lines, and shaky

Foreword

In the writing and illustrating of this book my aim has been to produce a comprehensive and concise treatise on the art of caricaturing. It has been made as brief as is consistent with clearness and complete' ness. Although the text is brief, no illustrations were spared. The many plates illustrate all points necessary, and each of the points illustrated are explained in the text with reference to that particular illustration. In addition to the plates there are many caricatures of famous men...

Plate

Expression is very important in cartooning and caricaturing. Just as a cartoon is an exaggerated drawing, so is the expression in a cartoon exaggerated. On Piate 4 are illustrations of twelve of the most used expnesskmsL They arc labeled underneath each drawing fright, surprise, anger, attention, smile, sneer, pain, laughter, stupidity, weeping, anticipation, and contentment* Study these drawings carefully and analyze each expression. To help you do this, each expression shall be considered...

Bolivar

The same view as the one as Grown Prince. Figures 3 and 5 are simply caricatures of the same subject in different techniques and degrees of exaggeration. The shape of the nose, forehead, hair, and other features in Figures 4 and 5 are such that it was possible to draw a profile also. Although drawing from photographs has some advantages, drawing from life also has its advantages. In life drawing many sketches of different views and positions can be made to determine the best, and this should...

Cartooning

Size z 10 4 inches. 160 Pages, printed on Plate Paper. Cloth Binding 2.00 Contains over two hundred original drawings from the pen, pencil and brush of Eugene Zimmerman (Zim), whose work needs no introduction. Every imaginable phase of cartooning is explained and illustrated in full* Teachers, preachers and professional chalk-talkers will find the book full of material that can be worked into illustrated lectures. Authors and humorists may illustrate their own writing. Commercial artists, ad...

Frederick The Great

K oti Plate 1 was made with a small camels hair brush, which every cartoonist should have. L is also drawn with the same brush. Lines such as these are sometimes used to stripe trousers. See Fig. 4, Plate 10. N is dots drawn with the brush, and M is termed Spatter, which will be explained later. V and W are stamped with pads of denim and knit goods, respectively. One can often create something original by experimenting and trying many ways and techniques of drawing an object, or caricature. The...

Npf

The head is not so difficult to learn to draw, but to learn to draw it well requires diligent study and practice. It may not seem reasonable to the beginner when told that it is much easier to leam to draw the head well, than it is to draw hands well. Although the features of the head and face are exaggerated in cartoons, in life they follow closely definite proportions. These proportions are as follows The eyes are about midway between the top of the head and the bottom of the chin the nose is...

Wilson

In the- drawings on Plates 11 and 12 are other applications of shadows. They appear under the collar, lapels, buttons, pocket flaps, vest, coat tails, belts, trouser bottoms, and under the spats on the shoes, and under the shoes. Shadows under the shoes aid in making the feet appear in contact with the ground. The right foot of the football player, Figure 5, Plate 11, would appear on the ground if an appropriately drawn shadow was drawn just back of the toe. As it is, both feet are off the...

Assignments and Suggestions

This final chapter of assignments is included to facilitate study of the principles of caricaturing explained and illustrated in the preceding chapters. The author knows from personal experience that it is much easier to study when one has definite assignments of work to be done. Although it is presumed that the majority of people who use this book will have had some practice in drawing, many will be beginners or at most, not far advanced, and it is especially difficult for the novice to study...

Comic Figures

Just as a framework is necessary in drawing the head, so is it necessary in drawing a body for the head. You should know the proportions of a comic figure. Since comic figures may be such gross exaggerations, the proportions of the limbs and torso may vary much in various types, especially between slender and corpulent figures. Note the proportions of Figures 3 and 5 on Plate 9. However, in the average figure, the torso and legs are of equal length with the knee midway of the leg J, exclusive...

This and That

Perspective is the art of representing objects, on a plane surface, in three dimensions, as they appear to the observer the effect of distance on the appearance of objects. The relative si e of an object is determined by the distance it is from the eye. If you look through a small aperture, such as a hole punched in paper with a small pencil lead, you may see a large mountain at a distance. Another good example of perspective is a railroad track. Stand in the center of the track and see how the...

Pen Lines and Materials

The necessary material used in drawing caricatures are few and inexpensive if we compare them to the tools of some of the professions such as surgery, etc. Hie student of caricaturing should procure a number of drawing pens in various siies. Gillotts drawing pens are perhaps the most widely used of all pens by cartoonists and pen apd mkarti m general- For drawing cartoons and caricatures stzejf are the ones moat usetk-Qther and styles of pens may be very useful espeaaU ljowl pomt gt ens for...

Pianist

Of Woodrow Wilson might be drawn with curved lines, but it would perhaps not be as good as this drawing and would lack its originality. However, the drawing of R. T. Coffin could hardly be drawn well with straight lines due to the round face. Neither could that of Carnegie, for the same reason. They are simply not adapted to the techniques employed in some of the other drawings. If the head is drawn in a modernistic technique, the body, if a body is u amp d, should be in the same style. This...

Double

Gothic Lettering Style

Lettering is necessary in most forms of commercial art. The student of Commercial Art, Cartooning, or Caricaturing should acquire some knowledge of this subject. Therefore, this short chapter is included so that the student may know the first steps in lettering. Oily the most important points in lettering can be treated here, for lettering is a long subject, enough for a book in itself. In fact there are many books published on lettering and the student is advised to obtain a good one on this...