Application of concepts

Conceptualization of body volumes is highly subjective. There are no hard-and-fast rules, but rather each artist, through a knowledge of anatomy and direct observation from life, creates a set of volume conceptions.

By conceiving accurately shaped, directed, and articulated body volumes, which then have the details of anatomy "engraved" upon them, the artist can create dynamically rendered and convincing animal art.

The following drawings show the axes and major volumes of various animals. The head, chest, and pelvic region are drawn as forms. The axes of the limbs are represented by lines. When the animal is in the standing pose, the axes are relatively simple and straightforward, as shown. In attempting to depict the frozen action of an animal in motion, knowing the exact position of all the axes of all the volumes of the body becomes crucial. The sculpture shows the volumes of the body; each volume, of course, has a directional axis, which must be visualized as passing through the center of its mass.

Center Mass Animal AnatomyAnatomical Drawings Each Carpal BoneHorse Costal ArchAnimal Sculpting AnatomyDog Fetlock
REGIONAL VOLUMES GENERALIZED ANIMAL
Drawing Anatomy Volumes MassesAnimal Anatomy SculptureTrochanter Anatomy Animals

CHECK

LUMBAR VI RUBRAL

MUZZLE

GREATER TROCHANTER

COSTAL CARTILAGE

ABDOMEN

STIFLE

PATELLA (KNEECAP)

THORAX (CHEST. RIB CAGE. BARREL)

OLECRANON (POINT OF ELBOW)

GASKIN ' (LOWER LEG)

ACCESSORY CARPAL BONE (PISIFORM)

METACARPALS SPLINT BONE CANON BONE

FETLOCK IOINT

SESAMOID BONE

SESAMOID BONE

HORSE SKELETON

PHALANGES (TOE BONES)

PHALANGES (TOE BONES)

(AFTER ELLENBERGER)

CORONET

FOREHEAD ZYGOMATIC ARCH

ORBIT IEYE SOCKET)

EAR HOLE

\ / FIRSr CERVICAL VERTEBRA (ATLAS)

SECOND CERVICAL VERTEBRA (AXIS)

CERVICAL (NECK) VERTEBRAE

THORACIC (CHEST) VERTEBRAE

SCAPULA (SHOULDER BLADE) SPINE OF SCAPULA SHOULDER JOINT MANUBRIUM OF STERNUM

POINT OF SHOULDER

HUMERUS (UPPER ARM BONE) STERNUM

ELBOW IOINT

RADIUS

CARPAL BONES/

ANAIOMICAL

WRIST CKNEE")

MANUS

(FOREFOOT)

FETLOCK JOINT

PASUSN

IAIL VERTEBRAE DOCK

ISCHIATIC TUBEROSITY

[KNEEJ

IIBIA

FIRST CERVICAL VERTEBRA (ATLAS)

SECOND CERVICAL VERTEBRA IAXIS)

- tHORACIC (CHEST) VERTEBRAE

ORBIT (EVE SOCKET)

POINT OF SHOULDER

SI EDM UM

ELBOW POINT

SPINE OF SCAPULA

ACROMION

SHOULDER JOINT

MANUBRIUM OF S1ÍÜNUM

MANU S [FOREFOOT)

Accessory Carpal Bone Location

KAD] US ULNA

ACCESSORY CARPAL BONE (PIS! FORM)

MANDIBLE (LOWER JAWi

SCAPULA (SHOULDER BLADE)

METACARPALS

DIGITAL PAD

SESAMOID BONE

PHALANGES (TOE BO NES I

KAD] US ULNA

FIRST CERVICAL VERTEBRA (ATLAS)

SECOND CERVICAL VERTEBRA IAXIS)

CERVICAL (NECIO VERTEBRAE

- tHORACIC (CHEST) VERTEBRAE

POINT OF SHOULDER

SI EDM UM

ELBOW POINT

ACCESSORY CARPAL BONE (PIS! FORM)

ORBIT (EVE SOCKET)

MANDIBLE (LOWER JAWi

SCAPULA (SHOULDER BLADE)

SPINE OF SCAPULA

ACROMION

SHOULDER JOINT

MANUBRIUM OF S1ÍÜNUM

HUMERUS (UPPER ARM BONE)

MANU S [FOREFOOT)

METACARPALS

DIGITAL PAD

SESAMOID BONE

PHALANGES (TOE BO NES I

Phalanges Horse

COSTAL CARTILAGE

DOG SKELETON

(AfTER ELUNBERGER)

ISCHIAT1C TUBEROSITY

CROUP I ILIUM

SACRUM

TAIL VERTEBRAE RUM?

PES I HIND FOOT)

CALCANEUS (HEEL)

METATARSALS

PHALANGES (TOE BONES)

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Responses

  • principio pisani
    Where is the greater trochanter located in animals?
    8 years ago
  • Adelia
    Which animal has cannon bone?
    8 years ago
  • alicia
    Where is sesamoid bone (dog)?
    8 years ago
  • Karolin
    Is dog tail bone or cartilage?
    8 years ago
  • pamphila
    Where is coxic bone in horse?
    8 years ago
  • juuso
    Where is the blade bone located on a animal?
    8 years ago
  • sirpa
    Where to dock a puppy's tail vertebrae?
    7 years ago
  • CHRISTOPHER
    Where exactly is stifle joints horse?
    7 years ago

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