The strength of this book lies in the fact that so many people have been so generous with their time, knowledge, resources, and collections. I thank Stuart Pivar, founder of the New York Academy of Art, who provided an environment for me to teach animal and human anatomy to artists. He strongly supported the acquisition of an anatomical collection of comparative skeletons, related artwork, anatomical models and charts, and the use of dissection as part of the curriculum, which allowed me to create an anatomical teaching facility of the highest caliber with the best students. My two books on anatomy are a direct outcome of that experience.
I am indebted to the late Dr. Emil Dolensek—a great veterinarian, a remarkable man, a friend, and, to my great honor, my student—who taught me much about anatomy and made the animal hospital at the Bronx Zoo available to me to dissect some incredible animals. Jim Doherty, general curator at the Bronx Zoo, has been enormously helpful to me for many years in my study of live animals, and I am truly grateful for his generosity and his friendship, and for reviewing the animal silhouette drawings.
I offer heartfelt thanks to Henry Galiano, owner of Maxilla & Mandible in New York City, for his participation in the development of the content of this book from beginning to end, for reviewing parts of the manuscript, and for providing a great deal of anatomical research, reference material, and skeletons. I would also like to thank Deborah Wan Liew of Maxilla & Mandible, and Gary Sawyer of Ossa Anatomical.
Thanks also to sculptor and art historian Oscar C. Fikar for sharing his extensive knowledge and resources on animal anatomy; to Michael Rothman, natural history illustrator, for his comments, assistance with computer issues, and loan of reference material; and to sculptor Bill Merklein for arranging and assisting with the photographing of the cows, for making molds and casts of my small skeletal models, and for the loan of books. Special thanks to Dr. Corey Smith, veterinarian, for posing for the photograph in the "human anatomy" section.
I offer enormous thanks to Dr. Nikos Solounias, paleontologist, anatomist, and ungulate anatomy expert, for his assistance, for access to his anatomical library and human cadaver lab, and especially for generously reviewing the entire manuscript and all the illustrations for accuracy, consistency, and clarity. I am grateful to Michael Anderson of the Peaboby Museum of Yale University, for sharing his anatomical photographs and arranging access to the Peabody's skeleton collection.
I also thank the following people who have graciously (and most generously) allowed me to take and use the photographs of the animals for this book: Linda Corcoran of the Bronx Zoo, Kathie Schulz of the Catskill Game Farm, Lisa and Dr. Michael Stewart of River Meadow Farm, Dennis Brida, trainer of the thoroughbred "End of the Road," Amanda Moloney of Anstu Farm, Robert Deltorto of Westchester County Parks, and Gretchen Toner of the Philadelphia Zoo. A special thank-you to Chris Schulz of the Catskill Game Farm, who dodged a charging rhino in order to set up a perfect side view, in full sun, of an adult male white rhino.
From the American Museum of Natural History, my thanks to Mary Dejong, Tom Baione, and Amanda Bielskas of the main library for their assistance with my research; to Barbara Mathe of the Special Collections at the library for permission to reproduce my photographs of the skulls in the Department of Mammalogy; to Bob Randall and Eric Brothers of that department for their assistance and patience in selecting excellent specimens to photograph; and to Dr. Joel Cracraft, of the Department of Ornithology, for reviewing the bird text. Thanks also to Melissa Mead of the library at the University of Rochester for the loan of the photograph of the skeleton of "Jumbo" the African elephant and to John Thompson for access to the library at the New York Academy of Art. My thanks to Joe Ruggiero and Sal and Mike Perrotta of Sculpture House Casting, who did some of the moldmaking of my small-scale skeletons.
For the study and photography of animals from life, I would like to thank the Goldenbergs and their Visla dog, the Fridoviches and their German Shepherd dogs, the Finemans and their dogs, the Ricevutos and their rabbits, and the River Ridge Equestrian Center and their horses. Thanks to LJ, of Lion Country Safari in Florida, for arranging for me to photograph their animals.
Many thanks to Drs. Zita Goldfinger and Jay Luger, my sister and brother-in-law, both veterinarians, for their books, for X-raying a dissected rabbit, and for their assistance in the photography of their cats at the Forest Hills Cat Hospital; to my brother, Dr. Steven Goldfinger, for reviewing the manuscript and for his very helpful suggestions on consistency, organization, and presentation of the material; to sportswriter Vic Zeigel for sharing his connections in the world of horseracing which provided access to study and photograph thoroughbreds; to Lewis Gluck, for a particularly good piece of advice; to Dr. Mark Finn, for his help in clarifying many items and for his masterful guidance; to Dr. Ron Spiro, for his assistance in the digital photography of a bear skull; to Laura Orchard for her contribution, and to Christine Cornell for her valuable comments.
I thank my mother, Dorothy Goldfinger, for her love and support, and for bringing back a wildebeest skull (which I photographed and drew for this book), from her trip to Africa with my late father B. Sol. Heartfelt gratitude to Dr. Stanley Edeiken, most especially for his daughter. Thanks to the wonderful team at Oxford University Press—Joyce Berry, Elda Rotor, and Susan Hannan; and to Scott and Emily Santoro of Worksight for the exceptional work they did in designing this book. Very special thanks to Helen Mules for expertly navigating this book through the complex editing and design processes, and to Laura Brown for putting my ideas and drawings into the Library of Congress for a second time.
My sons Gary and Evan deserve special thanks for inspiring me with their love of each other and family, their humor, their creativity, and their passion and fascination with nature. Finally, I offer my love and gratitude to my wife Louise Edeiken for her patience, assistance, and support; for putting up with strange packages in the freezer and bizarre things boiling on the stove; and most especially for her love.
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