Specifications And Performance

Wing span 104 ft.

Wing Area 1,400 sq. ft

Empty Weight 20,190 Ibs.

Gross Weight 35,420 Ibs.

High Speed 175mph at 7,000 ft.

Cruising Speed 1,13mph

Armament 3x.30-caliber

MG; 2x.50-caliber MG; 4x1,000-lb. bombs or depth charges.

two Canadian plants. Eventually, it distinguished itself by becoming the most prevalent flying boat of all time: 3,276 were built in the U.S. and Canada, plus an estimated 150 under license in Russia.

In competition against the Douglas XP3D-1 patrol plane, Consolidated's XP3Y-1 was the winner and went into production as the dual-purpose PBY-1 patrol bomber— the first monoplane ordered by the Navy for service with the fleet.

The prototype's powerplant was the 825hp Pratt & Whitney R-1830-58 twin-row engine, but this grew to the 1,200hp R-1830-92 in the final PBY-5A and PBY-6A models. The most notable outward changes were the large, transparent blisters over the side gun ports (first shown on the PBY-4) and the retractable tri cycle landing gear introduced on the PBY-5A ("A" for amphibian), which greatly increased its usefulness and production life. A taller tail appeared on the N.A.F. PBN-1 and the later PBY-6A.

A Consolidated plant was built in New Orleans to supplement PBY-5 production at San Diego. The N.A.F. made minor changes to the 156 versions of the PBY-5, which was originally built as the "PBN-1" and later renamed "Nomad."

The Vickers plant in Cartierville, Canada, built 369 PBY-5S as "PBV-IAs," with 230 going to the U.S. Army as "OA-lOA" Observation Amphibians and 139 to the R.C.A.F., which named them "Cansos."

Boeing's Canadian plant in Vancouver built 317 PBY-5s on U.S. Navy contracts as "PB2B." The slight difference in designation was owing to Boeing's having already built a PBB-1 design of its own. Boeing built 250 PB2B-1s, some of which were assembled from parts provided by Consolidated. Sixty-seven more PB2B-2s duplicated the high-tailed PBN-1 flying boat. Boeing also built 17 Catalina boats for the R.C.A.F. and 55 Canso amphibians. Consolidated built one PBY-5, 782 PBY-5AS and 237 PBY-6As at New Orleans, with 75 of those 237 going to the U.S. Army as "OA-IOBs."

The PBYs saw service in all theaters of the war. An R.A.F. Catalina spotted the elusive German battleship Bismark, and this lead to its destruction. U.S. Navy PBY-5s and 5As were used for the additional duty of air-sea rescue, particularly in the Pacific, where

A PBYS A afloat with its landing gear retracted.

some carried lifeboats under their wings. Other PBYs, painted dull, matte black, were used for night intruder operations against the Japanese. Rescue PBYs were nicknamed "Dumbo," while the intruders were referred to as "Black Cats."

The U.S. Navy operated PBYs until the late 1940s, but the Coast Guard and the Naval Reserves retained them until 1954 and '57, respectively.

Catalina Landing Gear Drawing

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