Length 20 ft.
Empty Weight 7,000 lbs.
Gross Weight 9,750 lbs.
Overload Weight. 10,805 lbs.
High Speed 408mph at
19,680 ft.; 355mph at sea level.
Normal Range 500 miles variants carrying special equipment for specialized missions. These included aerial cameras for reconnaissance, batteries of up to six 30mm cannon for use against tanks and naval torpedoes for attacks against ships. There were even two-seat trainer versions.
Twin-engine German bombers had difficulty reaching targets in England in 1942 and 1943, so some FW-190A-5S were fitted with bomb racks and auxiliary fuel tanks. Normal bomb load was one 500kg (1,100-pound) bomb under the fuselage and two 250kg (550-pound) bombs under the wings, but some could carry a single 1,000kg (2,200-pound) bomb. This was so close to the ground that the lower fin of the bomb had to be clipped for the plane to take off. These long-range fighter-bombers were very successful in penetrating British defenses and completing effective raids.
The armament differed greatly in fighter versions, from the initial four 7.9mm machine guns (two in the nose and two in the wings), to a standard of two nose guns and a variety of up to four wing guns or four 20mm wing cannon. For attacks on Allied bomber formations, some FW-190A-5/R6S were fitted with underwing pods for 210mm rockets.
Improved versions of the FW-190 were tested with features such as cabin pressur-ization and a water-methanol injection that increased the normal 1,600hp of the engine to 2,100hp for brief periods. Other engines were tried: the Me-109's 1,750hp Daimler-Benz DB-603, used in the experimental FW-190C, and the 1,776hp Junkers Jumo 213A, used in the production FW-190D. Later FW-190D variants were so extensively altered from the short-nose, radial-engined FW-190A series that they were redesignated "Ta-152" (for designer Kurt Tank).
Altogether, some 20,000 FW-190s were built in six Focke-Wulf plants, two Arado plants, one Ago plant and one Fieseler plant.
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