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used mainly on upper wing surfaces through WW II, but it appeared on the fuselages and underwings of some special-purpose aircraft, such as blue-painted reconnaissance planes.

Type C and C.1 roundel were adopted in July 1942 as direct replacements for Types A and A.1. They were applied in only three sizes—small, medium and large—and were laid out to given dimensions rather than to fractions of the overall diameter. Figure 12

Pencil Drawings Special Forces

WHITE = BLUE

SMALL 18"

WHITE = BLUE

SMALL 18"

MEDIUM 24"

LARGE 36"

(Figure 14) The revised British Fin Flash of July 1942 was 24 inches high and used three widths (shown), all with a 2-inch-wide white center stripe.

gives the dimensions in inches for all three sizes in ascending order. Note that the yellow ring is used only on Type C.1. Some Type C roundels began to appear on upper wing surfaces just before the war ended.

Fin Flashes—During the Battle of France (May 1940), the Royal Air Force briefly used rudder stripes again. They were quickly abandoned, however, for what was called a "Fin Flash"; a smaller set of equal-width red, white and blue vertical stripes, with red forward, painted on the vertical fin. From late 1940 through June 1942, the flash was standardized at 24 inches wide and 27 inches high (Figure 13). After July 1942, the width of the white stripe was reduced to 2 inches. The standard flash then had a height of 24 inches, and it used red and blue stripes in three widths (Figure 14).

FRANCE—France origi-

(Figure 11) This British Type B roundel was used for night operations, beginning in WW I, and was used on the upper wing surfaces of most other aircraft from 1940 until the end of WW II.

(Figure 11) This British Type B roundel was used for night operations, beginning in WW I, and was used on the upper wing surfaces of most other aircraft from 1940 until the end of WW II.

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