Note The Cables Are Schematically Shown Actual Course Of Cables Varies On The Full Size Plane

machine gun firing THE BUNS are flreo electrically by SOLENOIDS mounted ON each gun they CAN BE FIRED as a battery or in units OF TWO MBOARD or two outboard a SELECTOR SWITCH makes this possible TNf TRIBBER is the stanoaro control STICK TYPES. GUNS are manually and OPTICALLY boresghted

GRUMMAN AIRCRAFT ENGINEERING CORPORATION (F4F R_ANES)

NOTE THE PILOT'S CANOPY SLIDES BACK TO PERMIT ENTRANCE. AND IS manually OPE RATEO IT CAN BE LOCKEO AT FOUR POSITIONS FOR EMERGENCY EXIT, THE CANOPY IS PROVIOED WITH TWO INSIOE QUICK RELEASE LATCHES AN EXTERIOR RE LEASE LATCH IS ALSO PROVIOED THE SIDE LIGHTS ARE CLEAR PLEXIGLAS

drawn by willis l nye for mooel airplane news ii-3-5s

<ln drawn by willis l nye for mooel airplane news ii-3-5s

Willis Nye Drawings AirplanesStar And Two Stripes Used Navy PlanesCamouflage Tbd Devastator

A Grumman TBF-1 with two-tone camouflage and the Navy rudder stripes used only from January 4, 1942, through May 15, 1942.

Tbf Avenger

A General Motors-built TBM-1 Avenger. The blue-gray and light-gray color scheme was used into early 1943; the centerless, unbordered star was used from May 15, 1942, through June 29, 1943.

pounds of bombs could be carried in a completely enclosed bomb bay—the first on a Navy torpedo plane. The initial armament was a single .50-caliber machine gun in the nose, a single .50-caliber in a dorsal turret and a single .30-caliber firing rearward from the belly.

The first XTBF-1 flew on August 1,1941; the first production model, ordered in

WHEN the obsolete Douglas TBD-1 Devastator was retired after the Battle of Midway in June 1942, the Grumman-designed Avenger became the only designated Torpedo-Bomber to serve with the U.S. Navy. Other types could and did carry and launch torpedoes, but that wasn't their primary duty.

In April 1940, the Navy awarded Grumman a contract to design and build two XTBF-1s (Grumman Model G-40). These followed the Navy tradition of a using a large, three-seat, single-engine airplane as its dedicated torpedo plane. The configuration of the TBF, later named "Avenger," drew heavily on Grumman's F4F fighter. It featured the same kind of wing folding, but had the landing gear installed on a fixed stub center section, with the wheels retracting outward into the outer wing panels. A naval torpedo or up to 2,000

A Grumman TBF-1 with two-tone camouflage and the Navy rudder stripes used only from January 4, 1942, through May 15, 1942.

A General Motors-built TBM-1 Avenger. The blue-gray and light-gray color scheme was used into early 1943; the centerless, unbordered star was used from May 15, 1942, through June 29, 1943.

December 1940, flew in January 1942. Because Grumman's plant was heavily involved in fighter production, the Eastern Aircraft plant of General Motors was asked to build Avengers (in addition to the Wildcats already being built there), and designate them "TBMs." The two plants produced 9,836 Avengers: 2,990 by Grumman and 7,546 by General Motors. Grumman's production ended early in 1944, but General Motors carried on until the postwar cancellations.

While both firms developed several experimental variants of the Avenger, the principal production versions were -1s from Grumman and -1s and -3s from GM. Grumman built 1,525 TBF-1s and 764 TBF-1 Cs (the latter had two .50-caliber guns in the wings). General Motors built 550 TBM-1s, 2,730 TBM-1 Cs and 4,657 TBM-3s.

Special-purpose variants of the Avenger were plentiful. The TBF-1 D had special radar, and the TBF-1 CP had reconnaissance cameras. The TBF-1E had search radar for antisubmarine patrol, the TBF-1 J was equipped for all-weather flying, and the TBF-1 L carried a searchlight in the bomb bay for night attack missions.

Similar suffix letters (plus others) applied to the TBM-3s. The TBM-3H had special search radar, and the TBM-3W, widely used after the war, had APS-20 search radar in a large belly radome, which required additional vertical fins for longitudinal stability. The similar TBM-3W2 had the dorsal turret removed and faired over. These planes teamed with TBM-3S Strike variants to form anti-submarine Hunter-Killer pairs. Other postwar TMB-3 variants were the TBM-3U target tug, the TBM-3N night fighter, the k

Ww2 Fighter Plane

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A TBM-3 with the white and gray camouflage adopted in June 1944 for anti-submarine patrol missions. Note the underwing posts for rockets and the camera outboard of the rocket mounts.

Bombing Missions Wwii

In a typical WWII publicity photo, Navy crewmen load a torpedo into the bomb bay of a TBM-1.

A General Motors TBM-3 Guppy with a belly radome and faired-over dorsal gun turret. Note the added fin area. It had the overall glossy sea-blue camouflage adopted for ship-based fighters in March 1944. Other carrier types adopted it in October.

diminish the Navy's interest in the type (as shown by the production figures), but it did change their tactics. TBMs remained in first-line fleet service until June 1954, and others served in the reserve training squadrons for several more years. Surplus Avengers were widely used as aerial tankers (to fight forest fires), and some are still in use in 1990—50 years after the

Avenger was designed.

In a typical WWII publicity photo, Navy crewmen load a torpedo into the bomb bay of a TBM-1.

wiped out, and the survivor was severely crippled. The major damage to the Japanese ships was done by Douglas SBD Dauntless dive bombers.

Loss of the torpedo planes in this first attack on a complete high-seas fleet didn't

A General Motors TBM-3 Guppy with a belly radome and faired-over dorsal gun turret. Note the added fin area. It had the overall glossy sea-blue camouflage adopted for ship-based fighters in March 1944. Other carrier types adopted it in October.

TBM-3Q (for radar counter-measures) and the seven-seat TBM-3R transport.

Britain's Royal Navy received 957 Avengers (which they originally named "Tarpon") as follows: Avenger 1,401 TBF-IBs ("B" for Britain) and TBF-1Cs; Avenger II, 334 TBIVMs; Avenger III,

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